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Abstract Topic: Agriculture system

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Strategy For Development Of Seagrass Agribusiness Supporting Services In Marang District, Pangkep Regency
Aziza Noor Sheha Arfah (a*), Sitti Bulkis (b*), Adri Arief (b**)

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Corresponding Author
aziza noor sheha arfah

Institutions
a. Department Agribusiness Study Program at Postgraduate Hasanuddin University.
*shehaaziza[at]gmail.com
b. Department of Fisheries Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Makassar 90245, Indonesia.

Abstract
Seaweed agribusiness, especially the type of Euchema Cottoni Sp, is widely cultivated in seawater areas, so that a seaweed agribusiness system is formed, where each of the agribusiness subsystems are interrelated with one another. Several obstacles were encountered, including: 1) capital is still private; 2) technology (tools, materials and ways) is still simple (traditional). 3) low information, especially the results of research and development technology; 4) fluctuating selling prices, 5) The availability of weather factors, and pests ,; 6) the lack of supporting institutions for agribusiness development such as the government, financial institutions, marketing and distribution institutions, cooperatives, formal and informal education institutions, extension institutions, Agribusiness Research institutions, guarantee and risk management institutions, So that there is no good and continuous collaboration between seaweed farmers and supporting institutions. With this problem, this study discusses the Strategy for Seaweed Agribusiness Support Subsystem Development Strategy in Marang District, Pangkep Regency as one of the goals of developing supporting institutions from aspects strategy of supporting service subsystem development, analyzing the development of supporting institutions, and developing seaweed agribusiness development. Informants were selected purposively, processing data using descriptive qualitative analysis methods in describing regional potential, SWOT analysis for the development of supporting institutions development strategies, and development analysis using AHP methods. The results showed that South Sulawesi Province, especially in Marang sub-district had the potential to be developed supported by the availability of facilities and infrastructure, land availability. The results showed that South Sulawesi Province especially in Marang sub-district had the potential to be developed supported by the availability of facilities and infrastructure, land availability which indicated that the supporting institutions of seaweed agribusiness were feasible to run, after conducting an analysis, it could be concluded that the supporting subsystems in agribusiness existed three, namely: government institutions, banking and cooperatives. These three things must be coherent with each other so that the policies given can benefit one another.

Keywords
Development, Strategy, Support Subsistems, Seagrass (Euchema Cottoni Sp) Agribusiness

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/CmaKwUNBpZv4


STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEAWEED CULTURE IN THE TAKALAR REGION
Haidir1, Hamzah2, Jusni3

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Corresponding Author
haidir haidir

Institutions
Hasanuddin University1, faculty of marine science and fisheries2, faculty of economics3

Abstract
Algae is an important product for the Indonesian economy. The development of seaweed cultivation in South Sulawesi offers promising prospects. The length of the coast reaches 1,937 km. The area of marine cultivation in South Sulawesi is 193,700 ha and about 10% is used for algae development. Takalar Regency has the potential of the natural resources of sea fishing. One of the potential marine resources that can improve the well-being of the Takalar district community is seaweed cultivation. The purpose of this study is to determine aquaculture revenues, marketing includes (costs, margins, efficiency) and development strategies for algae growing activities. The determination of the sample is done intentionally. This study uses qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. The results of this study indicate that the benefits of algae cultivation activity of Rp. 56,932,800 per year and Rp. 9,488,000 per cycle. The marketing institute consists of only 3 institutions, namely Seaweed Farmers. at). Collection of traders and wholesalers, b). Marketing costs incurred in the amount of Rp. 210, -/ Kg for collection traders and for large traders in the amount of Rp. 270, - kg, c). The highest marketing margin received by traders is Rp. 1750 / kg and for large traders Rp. 2000, -/ Kg. d). Marketing effectiveness is considered effective for recovery traders, at 0.97%, while for large recovery traders, it is considered ineffective at 1.08%. 3. Based on the results of a strong, probable and very feasible SWOT analysis, in order to obtain the maximum progress. The conclusion of this research is that the cultivation of algae Kappaphycus alvarezii in the sub-districts of Manggara Bombang and Sanrobone promises great opportunities given the vastness of the land and that market demand continues to increase. Marketing channels have also found that there is only one channel, so marketing costs are not too high And revenues are very profitable.

Keywords
Keywords: algae, marketing, Swot analysis.

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/32qnpZurTWmK


Strategy to Increase Selling Price of Organic Toraja Arabica Coffee Farmers as High Value National Commodities in International Markets
Yopie Brian Suryadhy Panggabean(a*),Yunus Musa (b), Rahim Darma (c)

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Corresponding Author
Yopie Brian Suryadhy Panggabean

Institutions
(a) Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
(b) Departement of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
(c) Agribusiness Study Program at Postgraduate, Hasanuddin University
*panggabeanbrian[at]gmail.com
Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Makassar 90245

Abstract
Arabica coffee owned by Toraja especially North Toraja is very distinctive with the aroma and flavor produced so that it becomes its own attraction in the hearts of coffee enthusiasts everywhere. But behind the taste and aroma that is very unique there are many problems faced by Arabica coffee farmers in Toraja in particular. This study aims to analyze the potential of North Toraja Arabica coffee agribusiness, which is then followed by studying the benefits that can be done by using the concept of organic farmers to create an appropriate strategy to improve quality in Arabica coffee agribusiness competition. Data taken using observations and direct interviews in the form of a questionnaire to farmers that includes how much can be produced each harvest season, and the price received each sell the harvest to collectors, companies, and several parties who participated in this research. Primary data used in this study are quantitative and qualitative data. The results of this study indicate that the Arabica coffee owned by Toraja has the potential, farmers as producers have a very big role in improving the performance of Arabica coffee development programs. However, observations show that policies in developing human resources in rural areas, especially in terms of farmers quality and skills, are relatively not working as expected. To reduce the level of dependence of farmers to traders, it is necessary to strive for financial institutions that are able to provide capital needs to farmers in a fast time without complicated procedures. Therefore farmers have alternatives to choose marketing channels that can provide better prices.

Keywords
North Toraja, Potential Of Arabica Coffe, Farmer Income Strategy

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/97aVLk42tpmF


Study of Factors Determining on Competitiveness of Chicken Farm SMEs in Sidrap Regency
Syamsu Alam, Maat Pono, Musran Munizu, Abd. Razak Munir, Abd. Rahman Kadir

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Corresponding Author
Syamsu Alam

Institutions
Faculty of Economics and Business, Hasanuddin University
Perintis Kemerdekaan Street, KM.10, Tamalanrea, Makassar - Indonesia 90245

Abstract
Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Chicken farm is one of the important business sectors in regional economic development. Therefore, the development of its business competitiveness is very important to increase its contribution to both regional and national economy. This study aimed to identify and analyze important factors that affect variables of environmental aspects, entrepreneurship aspects, organizational resources aspects, and competitiveness aspects, primarily at chicken farming SMEs in Sidrap Regency, South Sulawesi. This study was conducted using a quantitative approach. The number of research samples is 115 units of chicken farming SMEs. The analytical method used in this study consisted of both descriptive analysis, and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Then, the data is processed by using the IBM AMOS software. The results showed that pro-business government policy was an important factor that affected variable of environmental aspect. Then, the ability to take risks was an important factor that influenced variable of entrepreneurship aspect. The human resource factor was an important factor that affected variable of organizational resource. Furthermore, quality factor was an important factor that influenced competitiveness variable

Keywords
Environmental aspect, Entrepreneurship aspect, Organizational resources aspect, Competitiveness, Chicken farming SMEs

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/kaWvqmD39Ldt


Supply Chain and Gender Relations in Ornamental Plants Business CV. Malino Florist in South Sulawesi
Vidya Febrianti, Darmawan Salman, Mardiana E Fachri

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Corresponding Author
Vidya Febrianti

Institutions
Agribusiness Study Program, Graduate School Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia.

*vidya[at]pasca.unhas.ac.id

Abstract
Abstract: The research aims to find out (1) the flow of ornamental plant supply chains within the company (2) the efficiency of ornamental plant supply chains within the company (3) the gender relations in the ornamental plant supply chain process within the company. The data used in this study are primary data and secondary data. Data is processed into three stages. first analysis of ornamental plant supply chains using three supply chain streams, supply chain performance is measured by the efficient use of time, cost, and income. Gender relations in equality and fairness analysis will be easier to see access and control. The results of this study indicate that the flow of products or goods involves the flow of physical products from suppliers to consumers through the chain, as well as product returns and service returns. Financial flow is a picture of the flow of money / capital that starts from the consumer as a buyer and then flows into the chain and will eventually reach the producer or company to be used as production costs. Information flows between CV. Malino Florist can be in the form of price, quality, good cultivation methods, and the amount of production. The flow of information flows reciprocally from the company to partners to consumers and vice versa, the total marketing costs incurred by the company CV. Malino Florist Rp. 50,940,996 and get a total profit of Rp 55,159,004 with a R / C Ratio of 2.08, it can be seen that from the results of the R / C obtained, ornamental plant companies are categorized as efficient and profitable because the R / C Ratio obtained> 1 Ornamental plant distribution activities covers activities carried out by employees ranging from harvesting activities to transportation activities with an average of 2.5 or equal to 10 hours carried out once a week, in accordance with the basic concept of "Just In Time" in the supply chain. Access and control of resources in the ornamental plant business is controlled by one company member, the leader (male). The time spent working for men is greater than for women and there is a concentration of the role of women in domestic activities while external activities are controlled by men. The pattern of decision making in a dominant company is carried out by one company member, namely the leader (male).

Keywords
Ornamental Plants, Supply Chain , Gender Relations

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/jTmbxVqUWEaR


SURVIVAL RATES AND MORPHOLOGICAL PERFORMANCES OF TIGER SHRIMP LARVA (Penaeus monodon) IMMERSED WITH METHANOL / AQUADES EXTRACTED Sargassum duplicatum
Chalvyn Silasa Pakidi1, Hilal Anshary2, Elmi N. Zainuddin2 dan Gunarto Latama2

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Corresponding Author
Chalvyn Silasa Pakidi

Institutions
1Doctoral Program of Agricultural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
2Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries , Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract
The aims of this study were to evaluate survival dan morphological performances of tiger shrimp P. monodon after methanol/water (1:1) extracted Sargassum duplicatum immersion under different dosages. Four treatments were applied during this study, which were 600 (A), 700 (B), 800 (C) and 0 ppm (D) as control. Samples of PL-4 of tiger shrimp were immersed then the survival rates were calculated for each treatment. The number of post larva for each treatment was 6 individuals. The morphological performances of larvae were observed under microscope to access antennules, hepatopancreas, front gut, midgut, uropods, tail muscle, chromatophores, fouling and stress appearances. The “+” sign was recorded for larvae with normal morphological performances; in contrast the “-“ sign was recorded for samples with non-normal performances. The results of this study showed that the immersion of tiger shrimp post larvae in methanol:water extracted Sargassum duplicatum did not significantly affect survival rates of tiger shrimp post larvae. Morphological performances of tiger shrimp post larvae observed in antennules, front gut, midgut, uropods, tail muscle, chromatophores, fouling and stress appearances were similar among all treatments. In contrast, hepatopancreas showed anomaly between treatments indicating Sargassum duplicatum contain bioactive to combat microorganisms cause diseases on tiger shrimp.

Keywords
survival rates, morphological performances, Sargassum duplicatum, tiger shrimp

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/dMC8RhzFgbKa


SURVIVAL RATES AND MORPHOLOGICAL PERFORMANCES OF TIGER SHRIMP LARVA (Penaeus monodon) IMMERSED WITH METHANOL / AQUADES EXTRACTED Sargassum duplicatum
Chalvyn Silasa Pakidi (a*), Hilal Anshary (b), Elmi N. Zainuddin (b), Gunarto Latama (b)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Doctoral Program of Agricultural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.
b. Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries , Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
Abstract The aims of this study were to evaluate survival and morphological performances of tiger shrimp P. monodon after methanol/water (1:1) extracted Sargassum duplicatum immersion under different dosages. Four treatments were applied during this study, which were 600 (A), 700 (B), 800 (C) and 0 ppm (D) as control. Samples of PL-4 of tiger shrimp were immersed then the survival rates were calculated for each treatment. The number of post larva for each treatment was 6 individuals. The morphological performances of larvae were observed under microscope to access antennules, hepatopancreas, front gut, midgut, uropods, tail muscle, chromatophores, fouling and stress appearances. The “+” sign was recorded for larvae with normal morphological performances; in contrast the “-“ sign was recorded for samples with non-normal performances. The results of this study showed that the immersion of tiger shrimp post larvae in methanol:water extracted Sargassum duplicatum did not significantly affect survival rates of tiger shrimp post larvae. Morphological performances of tiger shrimp post larvae observed in antennules, front gut, midgut, uropods, tail muscle, chromatophores, fouling and stress appearances were similar among all treatments. In contrast, hepatopancreas showed anomaly between treatments indicating Sargassum duplicatum contain bioactive to combat microorganisms cause diseases on tiger shrimp.

Keywords
survival rates, morphological performances, Sargassum duplicatum, tiger shrimp

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/T26hKbdgQqzN


THE BEHAVIOR OF RED ONION FARMERS USING PESTICIDES AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN TANAH MIRING SUB DISTRICT MERAUKE REGENCY
Jean Laurina Masatuneko (a*), Muslim Sala (b), Syatrianty Andi Syaiful (b)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Food Crops Cultivation Study Program. Politeknik Pertanian Yasanto, Merauke.
Mandala, Merauke Sub-District, Merauke Regency, Papua
*email: jennyternate33[at]gmail.com
b. Faculty of Agriculture. Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
ABSTRACT Excessive use of pesticides will increase the cost of control, heighten the death of organisms and can reduce environmental quality. This study aimed (1 ) to analyze the behavior of shallot farmers in using pesticides, and its impact on the environment ; (2) to propose the management of the agricultural land in Isonom Mbiasi Village, especially in terms of pesticide uses and the handling of packaging.The research was conducted in Tanah Miring Sub-District, Merauke Regency. The samples were chosen using the qualitative and quantitative methods. The primary data were collected through observation interviews and questionnaires, while the secondary data were obtained from evidences, notes orreports.The research results indicated that the knowledge aspect of the 27 respondents about the use of pesticides was very good (97%) The farmers knowledge would become more effective if their participation to join in the meeting activities done by the Government Institutes about the cultivation of the red onions, the farmers would understand better how to use pesticides and would understand the dangers of using pesticides either to the consumers or to environment. The behavior of the farmers was also good (98%), but the use of registered and not expired pesticides was permitted were incompatible with the regulation because they argued saying that the expired pesticides could still be used as long as the packing was not damaged and that even the expired Pesticides could still increase the production. The farmersaction to protect their bodies by putting on only long-armed shirts and short pants was caused by their lack knowledge that they did not know the true function of the uses of the overall protection clothes.

Keywords
red onion farmers, farmersbehavior, pesticides

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/zxkKCZanvFt4


The Comparative of the Application of Combine Harvester with Traditional Harvest at Lsano Mbiasvillage Tanah Miring Sub District Merauke Regency
Yasin (a*), Rahim Darma (b*), A. Nixiatenriawaru (b**)

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Corresponding Author
Fadhilah Trya Wulandari

Institutions
a) Program Studi Budidaya Tanaman Pangan Politeknik Pertanian Yasanto Merauke *yasinsmkntamir[at]gmail.com)
b) Fakutas Pertanian Universitas Hasanuddin makassar
*rahimdarma[at]gmail.com
**nixia gany[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
Harvesting rice conventionally is generally done using traditional tools. Many obstacles on harvesting using traditional tools such as fecal contamination, reduced the harvest. This research aimed to analyze the use difference between the combined Harvester-CH and sickles, either from the cost side or labors and efficiency. The research was a case study of the paddy farmers who used CH with 10 informants consisting of the chairman of farmer union, agricultural extension agent, operator of Combined Harvester, and farmers. The research results indicated that the use of Combine Harvester provided additional rice production of 275 kg rice/ha, and additional income of Rp.3,570,000. The efficiency level of rice harvest using human power was 5,27 kg rice/ha, while the efficiency of CH rice harvest was 11,29. The CH machines were suitable to operate on tidal land and in brackish water. Harvester traditionally needed high waged workers, while some workers were no interested working in the fields. Cultivating farmers preferred to use CH machines on their paddy farming. Meanwhile, the formers worked as the waged laborers in order to supplement their family income. The cost of the harvest using Ch machine was Rp. 1,800,000/ha while the cost of the conventional harvesting was 4,000, 000/h. However, the presence combine harvester machine could not take the position of the workers as paid workers or the labor power in the agriculture sector.

Keywords
harvest efficiency, Combine Harvester, brackish water, tides

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/4CAPd8RYMNfL


THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE SYSTEM IN IMPROVING THE LOCAL COMMUNITY IN PAPUA
Beatrix A.M. Rahawarin (a*), Darmawan Salman (b), Eymal B. Demmallino (b)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Agricultural Systems Study Program. Graduate School of Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.
*email: beatrixrahawarin69[at]gmail.com
b. Faculty of Agriculture. Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
Abstract The Wapeko village area was targeted by investors because of its geographical location and natural resource wealth, but the lives of residents of the Wapeko village were almost 100% indigenous / local Papuans, their lives still mixed with a low level of education and economy. This research aimed (1) to analyze the implementation of the development program of the integrated agriculture system in Wapeko Village to achieve theaims of the program; (2) to analyze the achieved results in agriculture products and the incomes of the community through the development of the integrated agriculture system; (3) to develop alternative strategies in order to develop integrated farming systems in realizing a sustainable livelihood pattern of the local communities.The research was conducted in Wapeko Village Kurik Sub-District,he method used was a qualitative method which used quantitative instruments. The data collection was done using direct observation in the field and interviews with the respondents through question naires. The respondents involved 25 households of the local Papuans as well as the stakeholders who were directly involved in the program. The analysis of the revenue used the Farming analysis, and the Strategy analysis through SWOT method. The research results indicated that the collaboration program between Medco Foundation and Yasanto had an impact especially on the development of the Integrated Agriculture System (Sitandu) which was shown by the change in the pattern of the basic livelihood as well as the increase of the income of the local community.

Keywords
Integrated Farming System (Sitandu), Papuan Local Community

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/RcuyBDgp6KWC


The Development of Kacang Goat Based on the Feed of Metroxylon Sago Pulp
Rosalia Paulina Nogo (a*), Rahim Darma (b*), Syatrianty A. Syaiful (b**)

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Corresponding Author
Fadhilah Trya Wulandari

Institutions
a) Program Studi Budidaya Ternak, Politeknik Pertanian Yasanto, Merauke
*rossadi1980[at]gmail.com
b) Program Studi Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin
*rahimdarma[at]gmail.com
b) Program Studi Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin
**syatrianty62[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Sago processing as local food continues, however, the sago pulp is not utilized optimally even unused so that there is a buildup of sago pulp waste which is increasing and can pollute the environment. This research aimed (1) to investigate the potentials of sago pulp which could be used as the feeds of goat livestock; (2) to investigate the increase of thebody weight of goat livestock; and (3) to investigate the effect of use of sago pulp fermentation on the efficiency consumption, palatability, KcBK, given to kacang goat livestock.The research was conducted in Merauke Regency by using 12 kacang goats. The research was conducted for 2 months from May through July, 2018. The goats were given three types of treatments and were divided into four groups (TO T1 and T2) with the following model : TO as the control group and received 100% of grass, T1 as the control + 20% of sago pulp fermentation and T2 as the control + 30% of sago pulp fermentation. The method used was Randomized Block Design (RBD), and the Variance analysis was used to analyze the efficiency of the feed of sago pulp waste, the level of palatability, the digestibility of dry matters (KcBK), and the body weight gain of the livestock. And in order to look at the effect of the feeds before and after the treatments, T test was used. The research results indicated that the increases of the body weight of the male kacang goats treated with 20% and 30% were 7. 05 kg and 12. 3 kg, respectively. The treatments using the sago pulp fermentation at the level of 20% and 30% were lower (5.9 kg) of the 30% group and (4.48) of the 20% group, compared to that of the control group (6.7 kg), A significant difference was also shown between the body weights of the male goats and female goats (12.3 kg and 5,9 kg respectively. The feed consumption of the kacang goats in the 30% treatment was 28.930 gr better than the control group which was 22.370 gr, and the treatment with 30% of sago pulp fermentation was more eff icient 13. 1 % compared to the control group which had only 7.87%. The KcBK in kacang goats showed an increase of digestibily of the dry matter in the 30% treated male goats was significantly different (63.25%) compared to that in the 30% female goats (59. 40%). This proved that the addition of sago pulp fermentation given to the kacang goats could increase the body weight, feed efficiency, palatability level and therefore it could be used asthe substitute feeds in the dry season.

Keywords
Kacang goats, sago pulp fermentation

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BWvkKCtx7JcP


THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF RUMINANT CATTLE SLAUGHTERHOUSE (RPH-R) OF MOPAH, MERAUKE REGENCY
Mozes Mores Udiata (a*), Didi Rukmana (b), A. Nixia Tanriwaru (b)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Food Security, Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Department, Merauke Regency.
Rimba Jaya, Merauke Sub-District, Merauke Regency, Papua
*email: melly112udiata[at]gmail.com
b. Agricultural System Study Program. Graduate School of Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
Abstract In order to improve the performance of the Merauke Mopah Ruminative Slaughterhouse, efforts need to be made for improvement and corrective actions and policy implementation. This research aimed (1) to describe the Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) and the implementation of the Basic Feasibility Standards in Merauke Mopah Ruminant Slaughterhouse: and (2) to formulate the Mopah RPH-R development strategy to meet the basic feasibility standards.The study used the qualitative descriptive approach and the 10 informants were chosen purposively. The research results indicated that the application of the Standard OPerational Procedure and the implementation of the basic feasibility standards had not been maximized. Consequently, it had a negative impact on the assessment and acquisition of NKV Certificates. The constraints faced were more administrative and routine, so that it needed a sustainable routine handling. The four development strategies which were expected capable to increase the Standard Operational Procedure and the performance of RPH-R in meeting the basic feasibility standards of RPH-r were (1) the Increase of Supervision and Control and (2) the Increase of the Availability of Materials and instruments, (3) the Increase of the maintenance of facilities and infrastructures and (4) the Application of the Regulation consistently as well as the improvement of the management.

Keywords
strategy, Ruminant-cattle Slaughterhouse (RPH-R), Veterinary Control Number (NKV)

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hBevpEt8DazF


The Effectiveness of Rice Field Expansion Program in Increasing Paddy Product in Tanah Miring Sub District Merauke Regency
Erma Adriana Elsoin (a*), Muhammad Hatta Jamil (b*), Philippus Betaubun (c*)

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Corresponding Author
Fadhilah Trya Wulandari

Institutions
a) Budidaya Tanaman Pangan, Diploma III Politeknik Pertanian Yasanto Merauke
*ermaadriana91[at]gmail.com
b) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin
*hattaj[at]yahoo.com
c) Universitas Musamus Merauke
*mrphilbet[at]gmail.com

Abstract
The Program Of Expansion Rice Fields On Rice Production In Current District Tanah Miring Regency Of Merauke.This research aimed (1) to describe the implementation of rice field expansion program in increasing paddy production : (2) to analyze the effectiveness the rice field expansion program in increasing paddy production, and (3) to find out the supporting and inhibiting factors of the effectiveness of race field expansion program.The research was conducted using descriptive qualitative and quantitative approach. The research location was Tanah Miring Sub-District, Merauke Regency. The data collection was done using structural interviews through the questionnaires and the written documents. The 88 samples were chosen using Slovin formula and the sampling probability approach. The data were analyzedusing descriptive quantitative and qualitative approach.The research results indicated that the implementation of the ricefield expansion program in increasing paddy production had been run according to the regulation and the stated determination. The farmers evaluation in relation to the effe ctiveness of the rice field expansion program in increasing the paddy production in Tanah Miring Sub-District, Merauke Regency were categorized as effective and effective enough. Some of the supporting factors were the improvement of dikes and the land management, quality of excellent seeds, good quality fertilizers addition of standard land addition and increase of land area, production increase and the paddy farmers were able to innovate the technology about the wet rice cultivation. Besides, there were inhibiting factors, such as the dike sizes were not adjusted to the land the planting season was often changed the irrigation water was not available during the planting season, the weather was unpredicted the rice fields were not accompanied with the irrigating canals, and the lack of farming roads.

Keywords
effectiveness, rice field expansion program, rice production

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/vFVBGbPpQcK7


THE EFFECTIVITY TEST OF SEAGRASS ABSORPTION AGAINST LEAD AND COPPER METALS
Sardi (a*), Nursiah La Nafi (b), Rohanir AmboRappe(c)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Environmental Management Study Program. Graduate School of Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.
*email : Sardibarlop[at]gmail.com
b. Faculty of Mathematics and Science of Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.
c. Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries of Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
ABSTRACT Increased human activities in all sectors due to the rapid development of development, often produce pollutants such as heavy metals that have an impact on the environment and one of the alternatives is phytotechnology. This study aims to (1) Determine seagrass capacity in absorbing lead (Pb) and copper (Cu), (2) Determine optimization of seagrass, sediment and seawater in absorbing Pb and Cu. This research is an experimental research conducted at Hasanuddin University hatchery unit, Barrang Lompo Island, then analyzes the Pb and Cu metal content in the Analytical Chemistry laboratory of the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of MIPA, Hasanuddin University using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results showed that seagrass Enhalus acoroides had a capacity to absorb Pb of 0.08 mg / L at a concentration of 120 ppm, whereas in absorbing Cu it was 0.65 mg / L at a concentration of 2 ppm, so that seagrass was more effective in absorbing Cu than Pb, at optimum results Pb levels in seawater at a concentration of 120 ppm of 3.04 mg / L and sediments at a concentration of 80 ppm of 29.30 mg / L, while the optimum results of Cu content in seawater and sediment were obtained at a concentration of 1 ppm and 2 ppm, which is 0.56 mg / L in sea water and at a concentration of 4 ppm which is 29.67 mg / L in sediment. While the optimal absorption of Pb metal by seagrass occurs at low concentrations of 40 ppm and 80 ppm at 0.07 mg / L. The same results were obtained in sediments, namely 29.22 mg / L at a concentration of 40 ppm. While the optimum content of Pb in seawater is at a concentration of 40 ppm of 1.26 mg / L.

Keywords
Heavy metals Pb and Cu, Seagrass (Enhalus acoroides), Phytotechnology.

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/te7Gd4rVCa3m


The Perception of Young Farmers and their Parents towards the Future of Agriculture: Socio-Spatial Integration of Coffee Farmers in Jeneponto Regency
Isnam Junais1, Samsuar1, Daniel1,HM. Ali1, Yusran1, A. Syarif2, MH. Mansyur3

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Corresponding Author
Isnam Junais

Institutions
1 Center for Research and Development of Natural Resources, Hasanuddin University
2 Faculty of Agriculture, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar
3 Faculty of Agriculture, Cokroaminoto University of Makassar

Abstract
Farmers- social is an important element in developing the future of agriculture. Especially the perception of young farmer, it needs serious attention because they are the pioneer of agricultural in the future. This research aimed to investigate the perception of young farmers towards their future and also their parents- perception towards the future of the young farmer. There are 151 households of coffee farmer involved in this research which have children who are still in productive age and they are interviewed separately. The data analysis used Friedman test, factor analysis, then integrated in socio-spatial. Parents perception were affected by the way they have a strong access toward agricultural business, they thought that working in this sector needed a hard work, spend a lot of time, energy, and dominantly regarded as rough and dirty job. It became the main reason in affecting the social perception that the amount of salary is not the main factor in determining social class but it depended on the type of the job. A Decision taken by parents for their children was based on social perception that being a farmer is considered low in social level although the income is categorized fair. Being different from parents perception, young farmers were more optimistic towards the future in developing agricultural business by seeing their own potential and agricultural resource. Young farmers perception were not because the level of education, but the ability to access information, the level of education did not related to their ability in accessing information. Based on the result, researchers concluded that the difference perception affected by age differences, perspective, and characteristic. Based on the result obtained from farmers- age, the ability to access an information and knowledge about market became the main factor affecting farmers- perceptions towards the future, meanwhile education level did not show any influence. The decision that parents decided to their children based more on social perception where farming perceived as a low occupation in social environment although the income in a decent category. Having a different perception with the parents, the young farmers is more optimistic in terms of their future in developing business on agriculture sector by seeing their own potential and agricultural resources. Based on the result, researchers concluded that the cause of different perception affected by different age, perspective, and characteristic. It can be denied that there will be a conflict from this difference, so the researchers suggest to both parents and children to equate their perception, especially for the parents as a leader in taking a certain decision. Therefore, creating a modern agricultural social environment with the business oriented in family and community is the best option to make a same perception about future agricultural business.

Keywords
Farmers Perception, Young Farmers, Socio-spatial

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PZ9NyUdEgLbM


THE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES OF ONION AREA IN MERAUKE REGENCY
Jumiati Mahmud (a*), Muslim Salam (b), Letty Fudjaja (c)

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Corresponding Author
Amanda Pricella Putri

Institutions
a. Horticulture Department, Department of Agriculture. Merauke Regency, Papua.
Mandala, Merauke Sub-District, Merauke Regency, Papua
*email: jumiatinaldi[at]gmail.com
b. Socio-Economy of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture. Hasanuddin University.
Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea. Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10. Makassar, South Sulawesi.

Abstract
Abstract The development of the Red Onion Region in Merauke Regency is a central government assistance program to the Regional Government of Merauke Regency as a policy for the development of shallots in the central onion area in Merauke Regency. This research aimed (1) Development Activities of the Development of Shallot Areas in Merauke Regency; (2) to analyze the implementation and success rate of the Shallot Zone Development activities in Merauke Regency.The research was descriptive qualitative and quantitative. The data collection was carried out using observation, interviews, and question naires. The collected data were then analyzed using the farmer income analysis, analysis of Shallot land productivity, R/C Ratio analysis, and CIPP model evaluation method. The study results indicated that (1 ) the comparison of the production, productivity and income of shallot farming before the activity was greater than after the Shall Region Development activities; (2) The implementation and success rate of the Onion Area Development Activities in Merauke Regency was very successful.

Keywords
performance evaluation, onion, Regional Development activities

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/TFQMJRCdGPw3


The Prospect Of Sea Cucumber (Holothuroidea sp) Agribusiness Development In South Sulawesi Province
Asriani (a*), Sutinah Made (b), Hamzah Tahang (b)

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Corresponding Author
Asriani -

Institutions
a. Department Agribusiness Study Program at Postgraduate Hasanuddin University.
*asriani2504[at]yahoo.com
b. Department of Fisheries Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Makassar 90245, Indonesia.

Abstract
Sea Cucumber (Holothuroidea sp) is one of the fisheries commodities that has good prospects to be developed because of its high economic value and potential promising market demand both in the local and international markets. Data from the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries throughout 2012-2016 shows the trend of sea cucumber exports has increased from 900-2000 tons/year. As for China, Singapore and Taiwan remain the main customers. Demand for sea cucumbers, especially for exports, has increased every year so that fishing and hunting in the sea take place more intensively causing a decrease in catches from the sea. Sea cucumbers can be processed into food and traded in various forms in the form of: food supplement products, cosmetic products and medicinal products which are efficacious for the treatment of various diseases. In the Province, there are many who are engaged in sea cucumbers by implementing the agribusiness system which is not yet optimal. The influence of internal and external factors and the need for sea cucumber development strategies. This study aims to determine the level of financial feasibility, the influence of internal and external factors, sea cucumber agribusiness development strategies. The study was conducted in South Sulawesi Province with locations in Barrang Lompo, Takalar and Selayar, using survey methods with data collection techniques through direct observation, interviews and observations. Data were then analyzed using financial feasibility analysis, SWOT analysis and QSPM analysis. The results showed that sea cucumber business is feasible to run, internal factors (strengths: high sea cucumber prices, weaknesses: use of fishing gear not in accordance with work safety standards) and external factors (high market potential opportunities, threats limited stock), Sea Cucumber has good prospects going forward with the Cultivation strategy, the application of processing technology, Optimizing business and market potential, Increasing capital cooperation

Keywords
Feasibility, Sea Cucumber Agribusiness, Strategy

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/gWJ8QkuaGVL3


The Slaughter Control on the Productive Cows on Animal Health Division in Food Security, Animal Husbandry, and Animal Health Service in Merauke Regency
a) Maro Sasmitoady Rianto (a*), Eymal Bahsar Demmallino (b*), Amidah Amrawaty (c*)

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Corresponding Author
Fadhilah Trya Wulandari

Institutions
a) Dinas Ketahanan pangan, Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan Kabupaten Merauke
*mrianto117[at]gmail.com
b) Program Studi Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin
*demmallino1964[at]yahoo.com
c) Program Studi Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin
*amidahmurad[at]yahoo.co.id

Abstract
One of the factors inhibiting the rate of increase in the cattle population of Merauke is cutting productive cows were higher as a result of the pressure to meet the demand for meat. This study aimed (1 ) to identify the factors driving the slauther of productive female cows; (2) to identify the roles and steps taken by the Animal Health Sector; (3) to reveal the alternative steps which could be done in order tooptimize the control on the slauthering the female productive cows. The research used the qualitative approach and the research type was a case study, used the model data analysis of Miles and Huberman. The research results indicated that the role of Animal Health Division had been focused on the role of the apparatus to carry out coaching and socialization to butchers, to improve the capacity of the Human Resources or the personnel, to supervise the cows slaughtered either within or outside of slaughter house, to monitor the livestock traffics, and to handle the violations. The steps which had been taken were to implement the insentive activities and to safe the productive female cows to support the activities of UPSUS SIWAB and to follow up the cooperation agreement with the Director General of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health and with the National Police. The factors driving the slaughter of productive cows were the still very low economy of farmers and butchers, the low awareness of farmers about the importance keeping productive cows, high demand for meat, cheap prices of cows, lack of supporting facilities, and many violations by slaughtering cattle outside slaughter house. The alternative measures which could be taken were to conduct socialization to the farmers and village officials, to encourage the farmers to develop other livestock, to review the local regulations on transferring the productive female cattle, to continue the incentive activities for the pregnant cattle, to build livestock traffic posts to form an integrated team, and to implement the law enforcement, and to encourage the local beef markets by importing frozen beef policy.

Keywords
slaughter control, productive cows, Animal Health Division

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ngNTaQjJZb4e


The Strategy of Strangthening Business of Salt-Boiled Fish Scad (Decapterus ruselii) through The Implementation of Quality Management in Bulukumba District
Aulia Magfhira Ichwan (a*), Sri Suro Adhawati (b), Jusni (c)

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Corresponding Author
Aulia Magfhira Ichwan

Institutions
(a) Agribusiness Study Program at Postgraduate, Hasanuddin University
*auliamagfhira[at]gmail.com
(b) Department of Fisheries Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University
(c) Department of Management Faculty of Economic and Business, Hasanuddin University
Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Makassar 90245

Abstract
Product quality is very important to create competitive strategies with other companies and to improve value add, extend product life and extend the reach of marketing. A product is said to be of good quality if it complies with established standards. One of the fisheries processing activities that developed in Bulukumba District is salt-boiled fish, but these business still pay less attention to sanitation and hygiene in each stage of the production process which results in low quality and durability of salt-boiled fish. The purpose of this research is to analyze the strategy to enhance the quality of the salt-boiled fish scad (Decapterus ruselli) in Bulukumba District. This research was conducted in Bulukumba District, South Sulawesi, using purposive informants. The data were analyzed by qualitative desctriptive using SWOT analysis. The results of the research show that the strategies used to enhance the quality of salt-boiled fish products are (1) to improve and provide appropriate technology in the form of facilities and infrastructure supporting the improvement of salt-boiled products quality (2) making use of the govermnment role to do socialization, guidance and training in the application of GMPs and SSOPs, as well as efforts to apply HACCP in production activities; and (3) Development of quality certification services for salt-boiled fish enterprises in the Bulukumba District.

Keywords
Salt-Boiled Fish, Quality, Strangthening Strategy

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/axA4wt38KEgM


THE UTILIZATIONS OF SOLID WASTE ORIGINATING FROM SUPER INTENSIVE SHRIMP FARM AS ORGANIC FERTILIZERS FOR NATURAL FEED PRODUCTIONS
Hidayat Suryanto Suwoyo*1,2, Ambo Tuwo3, Haryati3, Hilal Anshary3 & Rachman Syah2

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Corresponding Author
Hidayat Suryanto Suwoyo

Institutions
*1Agricultural Science Program, Graduate School, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia.
2Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension, Maros, Indonesia.
3Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia.

Abstract
Productions and utilizations of organic fertilizers originating from solid waste of super intensive shrimp farms to reduce the amount of wastewater released to the surrounding areas and its environmental impacts, are recommended to support both aquaculture and agriculture industries. This study was aimed to evaluate growth of natural feed (plankton and lablab) fertilized by organic fertilizer originating from super intensive shrimp farm and other different fertilizers. Completely randomized design was applied in this study with four treatments and three replications. The following treatments were urea + SP-36 + organic fertilizers originating from intensive shrimp farm + isolated shrimp ponds bacteria ISO (A), urea + SP-36 + commercial organic fertilizer (B), Urea + SP-36 + chicken manure fertilizer (C) and control, (urea + SP-36) (D). The dosages of fertilizers were: urea 200 kg/ha, SP-36 100 kg/ha, and organic fertilizers (solid waste originating from super intensive shrimp farm, commercial organic fertilizer and chicken manure fertilizer) 2000 kg/ha. The measured variables were species composition and abundance of phytoplankton, biomass of lablab, and water quality. The results of this study indicated that treatments A and B resulted high in number of plankton genera, which was 19 genera, whereas treatments C and D only 10 genera. The highest mean abundance of plankter was found in Treatment A, which was 14,571 ind/L, followed by Treatment B, 9,489 ind/L; Treatment C was 8,717 ind/L and the lowest was found in Treatment D, 5,066 ind/L. The dominant phytoplankton observed in this study was Oscillatoria sp. whereas the most observed zooplankton was Branchionus sp. The mean biomass of lablab produced from solid waste originating from super intensive shrimp farm was 4.35 g/100 cm2 which was not significantly different (p>0.05) from Treatments B and C, yet significantly different (p<0,05) from the control. The water quality variables measured during this study was within the acceptance values for natural feed productions.

Keywords
lablab, solid waste, plankton, organic fertilizers, super intensive shrimp farm

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/QjVDEw8yZxGr


Utilization of Economic Fertilizer and Ketapang Leaf Extracts to Reduce Phosphate Levels in Domestic Waste
Pangeran Boulchiah Ilham (a*), Nursiah La Nafie (b*), Prastawa Budi (b**)

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Corresponding Author
Fadhilah Trya Wulandari

Institutions
a) Bagian Program Studi Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Hasanuddin
*Pangeranboulchiahilham[at]gmail.com
b) Departemen Matematika Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Hasanuddin *nunungl[at]yahoo.com
**prastawa.budi[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Utilization of Hyacinth and Ketapang Leaf Extract to Reduce Phosphate Levels in Domestic Waste. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the combination of water hyacinth and ketapang leaf extract in reducing phosphate levels in household wastewater, and determine the optimal time that can be generated of the use of a combination of water hyacinth and ketapang leaf extract. The approach of this research is an experimental study which aims to treat domestic phosphate-containing wastewater, using small-scale wastewater installations with a simple process for the treatment of waste produced from households. The results of this study showed that the combination of water hyacinth and ketapang leaf extract effectively had a significant effect in reducing the value of phosphate content in wastewater. While the optimal residence time in this study was obtained a decrease in phosphate levels using a combination of water hyacinth and ketapang leaf extract occurred on the 18th day.

Keywords
Phosphate, Domestic Waste, Ketapang Leaf Extract, Hyacinth Hyacinth.

Topic
Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/N2z7ChZKAPU3


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