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Analyzing Students- Entrepreneurial Intention based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) with Internship as the Moderating Variable
Tusyanah Tusyanah, Fentya Dyah Rahmawati, Ashomatul Fadlilah, Muhammad Khafid and Nurdian Susilowati

Universitas Negeri Semarang


Indonesia needs prospective entrepreneurs who can decrease the unemployment rate. Universities are required not only to prepare skillful alumni; but also to create prospective entrepreneurs. UNNES commits it by making curriculum changes. It provides Entrepreneurship subject, Business Incubator and internship. The objective of the study is to analyze the students- entrepreneurial intention with internship as the moderating variable through TPB Theory. It was a quantitative research with 145 students as the samples of the study. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires and analyzed them by SPSS. The results showed that the effect of belief on attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control was positive and significant. The effects of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control were significant to influence students- entrepreneurial intention to be entrepreneurs. Internship successfully became the moderating variable for attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention. The direct effect attitude on entrepreneurial intention was 34.5% and went up to 42.3% moderated by internship. The direct effect subjective norm on entrepreneurial intention was 25.9% and went up to 32.8% moderated by internship. Then, the direct effect perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention was 48.8% and increased to 51.5% moderated by internship. It is concluded that internship was able to strengthen the students- entrepreneurial intention to become entrepreneurs. Therefore; the internship program needs to be continued so students know that independent work is more fun than working for others.

Keywords: Internship, Intention, Entrepreneurship, TPB

Topic: Economics


Conference: International Conference on Economics, Business and Economic Education Science (ICEBEES 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Tusyanah Tusyanah)

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