PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISAL STRATEGY IN REALIZING THE STANDARDIZATION OF SHIP COMPONENTS Ampala Khoryanton1, Pratikto2, Sudjito. S2, Purnomo B.Santoso2
1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Negeri Semarang, 2 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
ABSTRACT - The role of ships for Indonesia is very important as a trigger for economic development and inter-island liaison. In line with the Indonesian government program in realizing the sea toll program and as the ruler of the world maritime axis, the ship needs will increase rapidly then the shipping industry becomes the main foundation in supporting this program. However, the development of the shipping industry in Indonesia is still hampered because ship components are still largely imported. As many as 70% of ship components must be imported from abroad. While many domestic SMEs of ship components have not been standardized, so they have not been able to support the shipping industry. The purpose of this study is to formulate participatory rural appraisal strategy in realizing the standardization of ship components. The results of the research indicate that there are five main factors influencing the success of product standardization: function and performance of Local Working Group Platform, the involvement of strong certification institutions, availability of technical expert and supporting institutions, shipyard in Evaluation Monitoring. The standardization program undertaken by SMEs of ship component is very important to support the shipping industry in Indonesia.