Determining the Criteria of Air Hub in Indonesia using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Gito Sugiyanto (1*), Purwanto Bekti Santosa (1), Mina Yumei Santi (2)
1 Jenderal Soedirman University, Civil Engineering Department, Mayjend Sungkono Street km.5, Blater, Kalimanah, Purbalingga, Central Java, Indonesia. 2 Health Polytechnic Ministry of Health of Yogyakarta, Mangkuyudan Street MJ III/304 Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Provision of infrastructure that encourages national connectivity will reduce transportation costs and logistic costs so that it can increase product competitiveness and accelerate the economic growth. Application of the optimum hub and spoke airport model will improve the efficiency of transportation costs and the effectiveness of air transport logistics distribution. The efforts are made by examining the parameters or criteria used to establish an airport as a hub airport. The aim of this research was to determine the parameters or criteria for establishing an airport as a hub airport using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The study location was in five international airport designated as Open Sky airport in Indonesia namely Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Cengkareng, Kuala Namu International Airport in Deli Serdang, Juanda International Airport in Surabaya, Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar, and Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport in Makassar. Five parameters or criteria for determining an airport become a hub airport i.e.: airport charges/cost, cargo handling capacity, time used for handling cargo, value-added service, and location and infrastructure aspect. The most influential parameters or criteria is airport charges/cost that include: landing fees, airport parking fees, and security charges with the value weight is 23.76%.
Keywords: Hub and spoke; airport; cargo handling; airport parking fees; Analytical Hierarchy Process
Topic: International Symposium of Civil, Environmental, and Infrastructure Engineering