Measurement of Cultural and Spiritual Ecosystem Services to Support Tourism Sector in the Tanjung Pinang City, Indonesia I Indratno*, M Bilqis, S Nuraini
*) Departement of Urban and Regional Planning, Bandung Islamic University, Bandung 40132, Indonesia imam[at]unisba.ac.id
Tanjungpinang City is known as a city and tourism because of its rich historical and cultural potential. However, community in Tanjungpinang City feel that the values of ecosystem services, especially cultural and spiritual ones, have been lost. Based on previous research, cultural and spiritual ecosystem services have never been done by center of ecoregion development control. It means there were two new ecosystem service maps to produce after 18 maps of ecosystem services had been made on a smaller scale (map scale of 1: 50,000 for each island). The research methodology used was the DELPHI method. The research aims to make cultural and spiritual ecosystem services in Tanjungpinang City and to develop cultural and spiritual ecosystem services for cultural tourism areas in Tanjungpinang City. The results of the study on cultural ecosystem services was the indication on service of high category (22.2%), moderate (44.4%), and low (38.8%), while study on the spiritual ecosystem services resulted the indication of high category (22.2%), moderate (55.5%), and low (27.7%).
Keywords: cultural ecosystem services, spiritual ecosystem services, cultural tourism