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The Role of Zakat in Treatment Victims of Natural Disasters -Maqashid Review-
Harun Alrasyid

Universitas Islam Malang


Zakat is a means of social solidarity established by Islamic law to prevent anyone from falling into the cycle of poverty, whether for prevention or treatment. The study aimed to know the possibility of improving the role of Zakat as a solution to the government in responding needs of the victims of natural disasters in accordance with Maqashid Shariah goals. We often face funding problems during disaster management, reconstruction and rehabilitation, then this study initially dealt with definition of natural disasters and geographical situation of Indonesia, which is vulnerable to any natural disasters, and then discussed the jurisprudence of scholars on the ruling on issues related to Zakat payment for victims of natural disasters in addition to the amount since they are not included in the eight categories mentioned in the Koranic text. The study concluded that Zakat can be used as a preventive tool to prevent natural disasters by applying it as one of the obligations for society and state income and then treating its victims during alleviation, rehabilitation and reconstruction phase, In line with the purposes of Koranic texts related to zakat, by allocating parts of Fuqara, Masakiin, Muallaf, Gharimin and Ibnu Sabil.

Keywords: Zakat, Maqashid Shariah, Natural Disaster

Topic: International Conference of Islamic Economic and Financial Inclusion


Conference: The 3rd International Conference on Sustainability and Innovation (ICoSI 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Harun Alrasyid)

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