POVERTY ALLEVIATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES BY DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THROUGH COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE IN SUKABUMI DISTRICT, WEST JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA (1) Juliati Prihatini, (2) Baiq Aprimawati
IPDN (The Government Institue of Home Affairs)
Poverty is a major problem of development. It is often found in developing countries, including Indonesia. Sukabumi Regency, West Java has a population of 1,164,018 people. Of these, there are 309,785 agricultural households, where the number of small farmers who have agricultural area less than 0.5 hectares, counting 244,688 households. The farmer-s income cannot sufficient the needs of their family, because it is far below the UMK (Regency Minimum Wage). The study is trying to discover the role of Agriculture Department in poverty alleviation of farming communities through collaborative governance in Sukabumi District. Descriptive qualitative and data collections such as observation and interview were used in the research. It is involved 21 people. The research showed that to overcome the decreasing poverty number, Department of Agriculture has carried out programs and policies, namely agricultural counseling by Field Agricultural Instructors (PPL), seed supply, education and training for PPL on the importance of developing the human resources so that the poverty rate of the farming community in Sukabumi is reduced. Collaborative governance is carried out not only between the Government of Sukabumi Regency and the private sector, but also with the farmers communities in agricultural products marketing, but this has not been optimal. The research recommendation is the active role of the Sukabumi Government, specifically Agriculture Food Crops Department to reduce poverty in the agricultural community.