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Agro-economic of Cocoa Plantation (Theobroma cacao L.) in Bua Ponrang and South Larompong, Luwu
Laode Asrul (a*), Yunus Musa (a), Hatrismini (b), Ashifa Cahyani Trisnaputri (a)

a) Departement of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
*otheasrul1963[at]yahoo.com
b) Agrotechnology Magister Program, Hasanuddin University
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10 Makassar, Indonesia.


Abstract

This study was conducted at Bua Ponrang and South Larompong, Luwu, South Sulawesi. This study aims to identify the cocoa cultivation characteristics and analyze the loss of income due to inappropriate input of fertilizer at the study sites. In this study, firstly, the data of cultivation characteristics and economic variables (productivity, market price, mixed costs) were collected from 112 farmers using a well-structured questionnaire. Then, the economic analysis was carried out by using NAIL (Net Agricultural Loss Income) analysis to evaluate the loss of income. The results showed that most of the local farmers were prone to use mixed cultivars (M01, S1, S2, 45 BB) as entres, mixed cropping system, 3 x 3 planting distance, and inorganic fertilizer input, and the majority of plant pests and diseases were Conomorpha cramerella, VSD, and rotten disease. The loss of income per productivity (t/ha) in Bua Ponrang were ranging from Rp.5,521,623 to Rp.12,360,859 respectively, while in South Larompong were ranging from Rp.7,313,180 to 10,885,499 respectively.

Keywords: cocoa, cultivation characteristic, income lost, NAIL

Topic: Agriculture system

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/YHRhNwWmXnxr

Conference: The 2nd International Conference on Global Issue for Infrastructure, Environment, and Socio-Economic Development (GIESED 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Laode Asrul)

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