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Low-input Methods for Clonally Mass Propagation of Breadfruit
Hamdan Adma Adinugraha & Dedi Setiadi

Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan


Breadfruit plant (Artocarpus altilis [Park.] Fosberg) is one species of Moraceae family that is very important as a source of food material. The fruit contains many nutrients that are important for energy sources and health. The propagation technique is only conducted vegetatively because the fruit did not produce seeds. This conservation effort of this species has been carried out by planting breadfruit clones from 14 distribution populations in Indonesia, namely Sleman, Gunungkidul, Cilacap, Banyuwangi, Madura, Sukabumi, Banten, Bali, Mataram, Lampung, Bone, Malino, Sorong and Manokwari. The development of propagation technique needs to be conducted for commercial planting stock production of those clones which is easy to be implemented, does not require high input costs and it is able to produce adequate numbers of planting stocks. Propagation techniques that can be conducted are root cuttings, shoot cuttings and stem cuttings. The average success rate of each technique is 80%, 90% and 80%. The application of these three techniques simultaneously is very efficient and effective to increase the production of breadfruit planting stocks.

Keywords: Breadfruit clones, root cuttings, shoot cuttings, stem cuttings

Topic: Crop and Crop Management


Conference: The 4th International Conference on Green Agro-industry UPN Veteran Yogyakarta (ICGAI 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Hamdan Adma Adinugraha Adinugraha)

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