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Increasing Quality Production Paddy For Food Security: A System Dynamics Model. Case Study: East Java
Mala Rosa Aprillya, Erma Suryani, Anisa Dzulkarnain

Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember


Food security is the ability of a country in ensuring availability, accessibility, and utilization of rice to the society are stable. Food security problems affecting many developing countries. Food security is affected by factors interacting, like population, climate change, natural disasters and the problem of the conversion of agricultural land. Rice is one of the three most important grain crops in the world and has great contributions to meet the food needs of the world. Paddy (Oryza Sativa L.) is the main food plant for the majority of the population of Indonesia. Most people in Indonesia choose rice as a staple food and the main source of carbohydrates. With an increasing population, this increase will affect food needs. Recorded rate of population growth of East Java from 2010 to 2017 of 0.64% (BPS, 2017) and consumption of rice 213,783 Tons in 2018 (BPS, 2018). Because of the availability of rice for the fulfillment of food should be improved in maintaining food security efforts. The purpose of this research is to analyze the factors that affect the quality of paddy production in the handling of harvest and postharvest using a system dynamics model approach. System Dynamics is a very suitable approach because it is based on the feedback in one part of the system that affects the part of the other. This can generally be described as the food security system. The results of simulations can be used as the basis for planning the strategy policy helps the Government in improving food security through a few scenarios such as land intensification, expansion of new agricultural land, increase the application of modern tools postproduction and equipment Smart Agriculture can help in increasing the production quality of paddy. This research can be used as a reference for the creation of strategies in improving the production quality of paddy in food security.

Keywords: Food security, Paddy, Rice, System Dynamics

Topic: International Symposium of Engineering, Technology, and Health Sciences


Conference: The 3rd International Conference on Sustainability and Innovation (ICoSI 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mala Rosa Aprillya)

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