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Dr. Nur Azizah, M.Si (a); Muhammad Ammar Hidayahtulloh, S.IP (b*)

a. Head of Department of International Relations, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
b. Bachelor of Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta


The women in Myanmar have been underrepresented in all aspects, including in the parliament at the union and state/region level. However, the number of women in parliament at national and state/region level was significantly increasing from 3.7% in 2010 to 10.08% in 2015. The international pressure was signalled as the cause of the increasing number of the representation of women in parliament. This article is aimed to explain the transnational advocacy in increasing the number of women MPs in the parliament of Myanmar. In order to analyze the process of advocacy, the authors used the Boomerang Pattern from Keck and Sikkink in explaining the Transnational Advocacy Networks (TANs). Besides, in understanding the change of state behaviour, the authors reiterated the logic of appropriateness by March and Olsen. The data analyzed in this research was the secondary data using library research method. This research signified that the advocacy process for increasing the number of women in parliament of Myanmar is: 1) The local women movements establish the transnational network with the foreign NGOs due to a non-functioning channel to the government and; 2) The INGOs set the issue in international level and push some foreign states and the United Nations to pressure Myanmar. In return, the state changed its behaviour and began to increase the representation of women in the parliament.

Keywords: Representation of Women, Local Women Movements, Myanmar, Boomerang Pattern, Logic of Appropriateness

Topic: International Symposium on Social Sciences, Humanities, Education, and Religious Studies


Conference: The 3rd International Conference on Sustainability and Innovation (ICoSI 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Muhammad Ammar Hidayahtulloh)

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