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Abstract Topic: Animal welfare and health

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CHARACTERISTICS OF IMMUNOCOMPETENCE IN INDONESIAN CHICKENS
Habib MF (a*), Sumantri C (b), Murtini S (c), Gunawan A (d), Sartika T (e), Ulupi N (f)

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Corresponding Author
muhammad fikri al habib

Institutions
(a) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
*habibfikri64[at]gmail.com
(b) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(c) Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(d) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(e) Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia
(f)Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Abstract
The concentration of IgY in the body is often associated with resistance to bacterial infections, whereas ND specific antibody titters are indicated as resistance to viral infections. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of IgY and ND titters in newly released chickens, and to compare them with native chickens spread in the community. This research used 286 IPB-D1 chickens, Jatiwangi Sentul chickens, and Sensi-1 chicken. IgY concentration were analyzed using the ELISA method, and ND titters were analyzed using the HI test. The results of the study showed high IgY concentrations were found in IPB-D1 chickens (10.10) and Sensi-1 chickens (10.63), while moderate IgY concentrations were found in jatiwangi sentul chickens (8.63). The results of ND titers showed that the chicken IPB-D1 (2.08) and Sensi-1 chicken (2.54) were higher than Sentul Jatiwangi chickens (0.70). It could be concluded that IPB-D1 chickens and Sensi-1 chickens are more resistant to disease infections than other chickens. Selection and crossbreeding programs in IPB-D1 and Sensi-1 chicken have been proven to increase resistance characteristics.

Keywords
Antibody, Disease Resistance, Indonesia Chicken, Breeding Programs

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/6ZELv4cG2XBn


INDUSTRIAL LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: A REVIEW ON ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Gozali R. Moekti1)

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Corresponding Author
Gozali Racmat Moekti Moekti

Institutions
Centre for Veterinary Laboratory Services, Division of Livestock Industry and Veterinary Services, Department of Agriculture and Agrifood, Brunei Darussalam

Abstract
ABSTRACT Development of livestock production in many parts of the world has shown to be growing more towards an industrialised type of farm animal rearing operations. These involve raising farm animals in densely populated environment, commonly termed as a factory livestock farming. Such an operation is actually aimed at yielding a very large scale of farm animal products by means of intensification in animal rearing systems. This is becoming a global trend in practicing farm animal productions nowadays. The transformation of livestock production from a family small scale animal husbandry to a large scale of corporate business has been mainly driven by three major interrelated factors, these are i) a prediction on a rapid world-s human population growth, ii) demographic factors, particularly age structure and urbanization, and iii) socio-economic status improvement. The total world-s population has been estimated to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, where 70 percent of rural inhabitants are going to shift mostly living in urban areas and with their better incomes than previously and are predicted to increase by 2 percent annually. Indications in changing urban lifestyle has then been shown affecting on shifted food consumption patterns more to semi-processed and/or pre-prepared-ready to eat foods of which their main component deriving from livestock product origin. As the trend has been commonly shown in many urban areas, where their working hours are becoming longer than there used to be. In an actual fact, that has been happening for the last two decades, particularly in regions used to be identified as developing countries, such as in Southeast Asia, Sub Saharan Africa, West Asia and North Africa. Consequently, an increase rate in meat consumption has been estimated at over 4 percent per annum. Moreover, that change has become a sequential driving factor for the rapid growth in the meat production sector. As higher consumer preference in chicken meat than that in other types, global broiler production is holding supremacy over the other meat complex. A special highlight on Brunei Darussalam poultry industry development will also be addressed here, particularly to focusing on an industry dynamic based on data posted in country-s agricultural statistics for the year 2013. At that time when the country was reported to fulfil its self-sufficiency in chicken meat with a consumption per capita per year reached 58.5 kg. The figure was accounted as being the second highest chicken meat consumption per capita per year in the world after Hong Kong. In line with the global trend in livestock production, continuous growing demands for the products had also led to intensification in livestock farming in the Southeast Asia region. As far as the factory livestock farming as has gone more common operations up to now, and yet there might have been more and more questionable arguments over negative impacts arising, particularly in regards to animal welfare, hum

Keywords
Keywords: Industrial livestock production, factory farming operation, human world population, urban, urbanization, food consumption

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/2QuKU4DbzCvj


Prevalence of Brucella abortus Antibody in Serum of Bali Cattle in South Sulawesi
Kusumandari Indah Prahesti, Ratmawati Malaka, Farida Nur Yuliati

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Corresponding Author
Kusumandari Indah Prahesti

Institutions
Animal Production Departmen, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
*kusumandari.indah[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Brucellosis in cattle is a zoonotic disease that causes abortion. This disease is highly contagious and difficult to control. Clinical symptoms Brucellosis is not pathognomonic and often asymptomatic thereof laboratory assessment is needed for serological detection of Brucellosis. A total of 235 blood samples were obtained from Bali cattle farms in three regencies, Enrekang, Barru, and Soppeng. Serological detection was carried out by the RBT method and further confirmed by CFT method. Results showed that Brucellosis seroprevalence was 12.76%. The highest incidence rate was in Enrekang Regency with the value of 15.60%, followed by Soppeng and Barru Regency, of 9.09% and 2.50%, respectively. These results indicated that Brucellosis is still enzootic in the South Sulawesi region.

Keywords
Brucellosis, RBT, CFT, seroprevalence, Bali cattle

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/GVxhpHArk9gL


Sanitary Hygiene Implementation at Salmonella sp. Critical Control Points in Layer Farms
Aminah Hajah Thaha (a*), Ratmawati Malaka (b), Wahniyathi Hatta (b), Dini Marmansari (c), Erdi Purwanto (c), Khaerani Kiramang (a), Hafsan (a)

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Corresponding Author
Aminah Hajah Thaha

Institutions
(a) Faculty of Science and Technology, Alauddin State Islamic University
Jalan H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan, 92111, Indonesia
*amina.hajah[at]uin-alauddin.ac.id
(b) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University,
Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Tamalanrea, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, 90245, Indonesia
(c) Veterinay Public Health Laboratory, Disease Investigation Centre Maros
Jalan Dr. Ratulangi, Kabupaten Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, 90514, Indonesia

Abstract
Contamination in food products can occur at any stages, from pre-production to producer, post-production to the product being distributed and presented to consumers. This study aims to determine the extent of the application of sanitation hygiene at the critical control points of Salmonella sp. so that the description of the conditions and the relationship between the presence in the chicken egg chain in farms until it is ready to be distributed. This research was conducted on 72 layer farms in the same area using a cross-sectional study design. Data collection methods are observations and interviews regarding sanitation hygiene practices that include the application of sanitation hygiene to eggs, feed, cages, and workers. Critical control points of Salmonella sp. the spread, which was observed consisted of poultry cages, egg collection process, egg evaluation, and chicken eggs ready for distribution. The results showed that sanitation hygiene practices in layer farms were mostly implemented in cages (67%) and eggs (56%), while the application of sanitation hygiene was not widely applied in the feed (20%) and workers (28%)

Keywords
Salmonella sp.; sanitation hygiene; critical control point

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XnxPcYvJrZKz


The Diversity of Ectoparasites on Some Type of Rats
Muslimin Sepe (a*), Nina Maryana (b), Swastiko Priyambodo (b)

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Corresponding Author
Muslimin Sepe

Institutions
a) Program of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
*musliminsepe[at]gmail.com
b) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Jl. Meranti, Darmaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia.

Abstract
The rats were parasitized by ectoparasitic arthropods which have a close relationship with rats as their specific host. In the rats body found various types of ectoparasites such as ticks, mites, fleas, and ticks at the same time and is known as polyparasit. This research aims at obtaining data about the diversity of ectoparasites on different types of rats and their habitat. The rats caught in the house habitat, forest, field, and sewer. The caught rats were put into a cloth bag, labeled, then taken to laboratory to be identified by using key rodent identification. Then, the researcher did the collection and identification. The results showed that There were 87 rats caught from all the habitats. The four rat species trapped from four habitats were Rattus rattus diardii, R. tiomanicus, R. argentiventer, and R. norvegicus. The total number of 2548 ectoparasites were collected from the rats of Hoplopluera pacifica, Polyplax spinulosa, Xenopsylla cheopis, Laelaps nuttalli Hirst and L. echidninus. Diversity index of ectoparasites on the bodies of R. tanezumi was predominant (0,525). Statistical analysis with t-tests (α = 5%) of all index diversity between male and female rodents infested with ectoparasites was not significantly different.

Keywords
Arthropoda; Ectoparasites; Diversity; Rat.

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/zqtGaB7NxYvH


The Influence of Newcastle disease (ND) Live La Sota Strain and B1 Strain Vaccinations toward Antibody Titer of Broiler
Muh. Danawir Alwi (a*), A. Magfira Satya Apada (b), Fedri Rell (c)

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Corresponding Author
MUH. DANAWIR ALWI

Institutions
1. Study Program of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
2. Study Program of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
3. Study Program of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia

Abstract
Newcastle disease (ND) is a disease that caused by genus virus of Avian Paramyxovirus and it affects various types of poultry. Vaccination as a prevention attempt toward ND virus requires active and inactive vaccines. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of ND active La sota strainand B1 strain vaccinations toward antibody titer of broiler. This research applies 54 samples of day old chicken (DOC) divided into three treatment categories. Vaccine administration is given for three-days-old samples by eye drops and blood sample from 7, 14, and 21-days-old samples obtained through vena brachialis. The result of Hemagglutination Inhibition test analyzed using Analysis of Varience (ANOVA) one way method and continued by Least Significant Different (LSD) test if the calculated probability is (p< 0,05) while the data of immune presentation descriptively asserted in quantitative. The outcome of this research shows the vaccine administration for three-days-old sample grants an protection of immune until 21-days-old by vaccine administration of ND active La Sota strain and 14-days-old with vaccine administration of ND active B1 strain. The vaccine administration of ND active La Sota has no significant effect with the vaccine administration of ND active B1 to antibody titer in broiler chickens.

Keywords
Broiler, Newcastle disease (ND), La Sota strain vaccine, B1 strain vaccine, Hemaglutination (HA) test, Hemaglutination inhibition (HI) test

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Pukm6ApRwj3J


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