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The 2nd Iternational Conference of Animal Science and Technology (ICAST 2019)

Event starts on 2019.11.05 for 2 days in Makassar

http://icast2019.unhas.ac.id | https://ifory.id/conf-abstract/q7gnHzJKD

Page 1 (data 1 to 30 of 194) | Displayed ini 30 data/page

Accessibility of household scale beef cattle Farmers For Formal Financing Institutions in Bontomarannu District, Gowa Regency
Ega Yusraningsih Yunus; Aslina Asnawi; Andi Amidah Amrawaty

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Corresponding Author
Ega Yusraningsih Yunus

Institutions
Postgraduate Student on Animal Science and Technology Study Program in Animal Science Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Abstract
Every beef cattle business owner has certain considerations in choosing the type of financing to run his business. One type of external funding available comes from formal institutional financing, but household-scale beef cattle farm with small livestock ownership makes access to financing sourced from formal institutions difficult. Small-scale or household-scale beef cattle farmers are generally less able to reach formal financial institutions such as banks. The financing is expected to get additional capital so that this financial market segment is actually obtained from non-formal financial institutions such as loans from close relatives, traders of production facilities and even moneylenders. The purpose of this study is to determine the accessibility of household-scale beef cattle farmers to formal financial institutions. The types of data used in this study are qualitative and quantitative data. Research data were collected through a survey using interview techniques using a questionnaire as a research instrument. The results showed that the accessibility of household-scale beef cattle farmers to formal financial institutions was relatively low, however, non-formal financial institutions originating from close relatives tend to have relatively higher accessibility.

Keywords
Accessibility, Formal Institutions, Financing, Beef Cattle Farmers

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/gFH4hJjderCy


Addition of Aloevera Powder (Aloe barbadensis Miller) with Different Levels to Digestive Tract Length and The Rate of Digesta Broiler
Helnida Adriani Tahir(*), A. Mujnisa, Jamilah

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Corresponding Author
Helnida Adriani Tahir

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
*helnidadriani[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Broiler chickens is a type of chicken that has a fast growth rate and requires large amounts of nutrients absorbed from feed. Absorption of nutrients in the feed requires the function of a good digestive tract to optimize the digestive process. The digestive process also requires optimal time in absorption of feed nutrients called the digesta rate. The purpose of this study was to determine the right level of addition aloe vera powder to the length of digestive tract and the rate of digesta broiler. This study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications, namely P0: feed without aloe vera powder (control), P1: feed + 0.075% aloe vera powder, P2: feed + 0,1% aloe vera powder and P3: feed + 0,125% aloe vera powder. The treatment had a significant effect on the jejenum length and digesta rate. But it had no significant effect on the duodenum length and the ileum lenght. The jejenum length was significantly different in treatment P1 of 85.50 cm and P3 of 83.75 cm when compared to treatment P0 of 73.25 cm. Digesta rate was significantly different from the P3 treatment was 259 minutes when compared to the control treatment (P0) 200 minutes. The results of the study showed that the addition of aloe vera powder with the best level was at the level of 0.125% (P3) which optimizes the jejenum length and the rate of digesta broiler. The conclusion is that the addition of aloe vera powder with a level of 0.125% in broiler feed can optimize the length of jejenum and increase the rate of digestion

Keywords
Aloe vera powder; duodenum; ileum; jejenum; the rate of digesta

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KYrjLyvgqG6M


Analysis of Beef Cattle Development in South and West Sulawesi
Andi Suarda*, Andi Mulia, Basir Pally, Astati

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Corresponding Author
Andi Suarda

Institutions
Alauddin Islamic University, Makaasar, 92113, indonesia
*etta.adda[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
The study aims to identify the development of beef cattle in South Sulawesi and West Sulawesi. This study was performed from July to August 2019. The collected data consisted of primary data and secondary data by applying observation, interview and questionaire method in three different districts (six sampling areas). As for Bulukumba district (Bontotiro sub-district), the sampling areas enncompassed both Bonto Marannu and Bonto Bulaeng village. In Barru, (Tanete Riaja sub-district), the sampling area encompassed Kading and Mattiro Walie village. While in Polmas, (Wono Mulyo sub-district) the sampling area encompassed Kebun Sari and Bumi Mulyo village. The collected data were analyzed with SWOT Analysis. The results showed that the strategies of beef cattle development in South Sulawesi were rather effective by implementing two models of development such as PIU (Project Implementation Unit) and Self-funding (Swadana).

Keywords
Beef Cattle, Development Analysis, PIU (Project Implementation Unit), Self-Funding

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/rRQWTbVA7ukd


Analysis of C-Organic and Total Phospor (P2O5) Contents of Soil Around Egg-Laying Chicken Farm
Alima Bachtiar Abdullahi1*), Ahmad Ramadhan Siregar2), Wempie Pakiding3), Mahyuddin4)

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Corresponding Author
Alima Bachtiar Abdullahi

Institutions
1) Doctoral Candidate in Agricultural Sciences, Postgraduate School of Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
* alimababdullahi[at]pasca.unhas.ac.id
2),3) Faculty of Animal Husbandry of Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
4) Faculty of Agriculture of Hasanuddin University, Indonesia

Abstract
Sustainable animal husbandry development should be environmentally friendly, meaning it doesn-t cause pollution and degradation of environmental quality, i.e. technically efficient, economically fit for use, socially acceptable and ecologically still ensuring the balance of other ecosystems. One of the resources which should be noted is the soil condition around farm which is suspected to have degraded quality due pollutions caused by farming activities. Based on that, environmental test was performed by analyzing the C-Organic and Total Phosphor (P2O5) contents of soil around egg-laying chicken farm. The present study was aimed to (1) know the C-Organic and P2O5 contents of soil around egg-laying chicken farm; (2) compare the C-Organic and P2O5 contents of soil around egg-laying chicken farm with the set assessment criteria for soil chemical properties (C-Organic and P2O5) for farmland. The present study was performed on October-December 2018, soil samples were obtained from locations around egg-laying chicken farms in Sidenreng Rappang Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The method used in testing the C-Organic and P2O5 contents of soil was spectrophotometric method. The working procedure in the present study: (1) testing the C-Organic and P2O5 contents of soil in the location and around egg-laying chicken farm; (2) comparing the C-Organic and P2O5 contents of soil from the research result with the set assessment criteria of soil chemical properties (C-Organic and P2O5) for farmland. The research result showed that the average C-Organic content of soil around egg-laying chicken farm was 0.699 % and the average P2O5 content of soil around egg-laying chicken farm was 159.2 mg/100gr. Based on the results, it-s concluded that the content of C-Organic soil around egg-laying chicken farm is very low because < 1.0 % but P2O5 Very high because because > 60 mg/100gr.

Keywords
C-Organic; P2O5; soil; egg-laying chicken farm

Topic
Animal waste and environmental technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/xkYqeCdJAwRK


ANALYSIS OF CONSUMER PREFERENCES AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRIBUSTIVITY OF RED RICE (Oryza Nivara) IN THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH SULAWESI
Munawarah (a*), Jusni (b), Mahyuddin (b)

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Corresponding Author
MUNAWARAH -

Institutions
Postgraduate School, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia (90245)
Indonesia
munawarahmuna01[at]gmail.com

Abstract
This study aims to examine consumer preferences for brown rice in South Sulawesi Province, according to the attribute level of brown rice and to analyze the decision-making process of consumers when buying brown rice . This research was conducted in the province of South Sulawesi. The sample in this study consisted of 100 brown rice consumers and the withdrawal method using non-probability sampling, the Convinience sampling method. Data analysis uses descriptive analysis and significance and performance analysis (API). Results showed that brown rice consumers were more sensitive to brown rice quality, decision-making process at the alternative assessment stage, physical properties of rice, rice extinction and price of rice. rice and its aroma of red rice.

Keywords
Consumer, Oryza Nivara, Preference.

Topic
Extension of agriculture

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/kjFDwK2rAWBT


Analysis of Farmers Satisfaction on the Services Quality of Cattle Insurance Program in Manuju District, Gowa Regency
A Annisa, M Ridwan and T Rasyid

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Corresponding Author
Aulisani Annisa

Institutions
Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract
The Livestock and Animal Health Service Office of South Sulawesi Province stated that in 2017 beef cattle in Gowa Regency registered in insurance reached 1,367, while in 2018 decreased significantly to 1,140. The decrease in number of insured cattle indicates a decrease in the number of farmers participating in the insurance program. This study aims to determine the Satisfaction Index of cattle farmers on the services quality of Cattle Insurance Program in Manuju District, Gowa Regency. This study was conducted from May to July 2019 with a type of descriptive quantitative research. The sample used was 50 participants who are/were insurance participants. The data collected through literature study, interviews and questionnaires. The data analysed with two methods of Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) and Importance Performance Analysis (IPA). The results indicate that the Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) of farmers is 68.49% which included in the category of Good. The top priority attributes in service quality of Cattle Insurance Program, namely Punctuality of claims payment, Management of administration and Clarity of CIP information.

Keywords
Satisfaction Index, Service Quality, Insurance, Beef Cattle

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wrFbdv73BXhE


ANALYSIS OF FARMERS/LIVESTOCK GROUPS INSTITUTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS IN BARRU REGENCY
Daeva Mubarika Raisa (a*), Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin (b), and Agustina Abdullah (b)

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Corresponding Author
daeva mubarika raisa

Institutions
a) Student at the Department of Agribusiness, Graduated School of Hasanuddin University,
*daevamubarikaraisa[at]pasca.unhas.ac.id
b) Lecturer at the Department of Social Economic, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Perintis Kemerdekaan Street KM.10 Makassar 90245, Indonesia.

Abstract
This study aims to analyze the institutional characteristics of farmer/livestcok groups consists of group binder aspects, and the groups function is in supporting institutional groups of farmers /livestock groups.. The research type used is quantitative descriptive by survey approach with qualitative research data types that are quantified based on Likert measurement scale.This research was conducted in Barru Sub-District, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi. Population in this study is all beef cattle farmers who are member of farmer/livestock groups in their area with beginner group ability class, advanced, intermediate, main. The number of research samples is 91 people. Data analysis used is descriptive statistics. The results showed that the institution of farmer/livestock groups in Barru District, Barru Regency viewed from the aspect of group institutional characteristics had not been able to support groups success in achieve the common goal because there were still many groups with higher class status but the activities carried out according to the institutional function of farmer/livestock groups is unfulfilled.

Keywords
Characteristics; Institutional; Farmer Groups; Group institutionals binder; Group institutions function; Beef cattle.

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/fkCcULYtTEK2


ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL REGION DEVELOPMENT OF BEEF CATTLE IN BIMA REGENCY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE
1. Muh. Sayudin, 2. Jasmal A Syamsu and 3. Syahriani Syahrir

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Corresponding Author
Muh Sayudin

Institutions
1Postgraduate Program of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University.
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
1Postgraduate Program of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University.
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.

Abstract
ABSTRACT This research to analisis the potential of the sector base and non-base population development of beef cattle in Bima Regency and determine the region that can be used as centers for beef cattle development based on the potential and carrying capacity of rice straw as a source of feed. This research is descriptive. Data collection is done by means of surveys, observations and direct interviews. Source of data comes from primary and secondary data (related institutions). Data were analyzed by analyzing the density of livestock areas, comparative advantage of cattle using the LQ method, and the status of beef cattle development areas. The results showed that the WPP area group consisted of Monta, Parado, Madapangga, Langgudu, Lambu and Soromandi Districts. WM regional groups namely Bolo, Belo, Palibelo, Wawo, Donggo and Tambora Districts. WP regional groups namely Woha, Sape, Wera and Ambalawi Districts. WPJ region group is Lambitu District.

Keywords
Potential Region, livestock Population, Beef Cattle, Bima Regency

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wyePdapcFmMx


ANALYSIS OF THE MANAGEMENT OF PALM OIL ACTIVITIES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (Case Study in Baras Sub-District, Pasangkayu Regency)
Arham Diandika (a*), (b) Laode Asrul, (c) Mahyuddin

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Corresponding Author
Arham Diandika

Institutions
a) Student at the Departmen of Agribusiness, Graduated School of Hasanuddin University,
*email: arhamdiandika[at]pasca.unhas.ac.id
b) Lecturer at the Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
c) Lecturer at the Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to describe the management forms of oil palm cultivation. The analytical method used is the descriptive analysis of Miles and Huberman, namely data reduction, data presentation, verification, and conclusion drawing. With the determination of informants on purpose, namely the farming community of Pasangkayu. To determine the sample, the authors used a sampling method with reasoned sampling in the Slovenian formula with a critical value of 10%. . The results of this study concern the management of oil palm cultivation, including the management of production.

Keywords
Palm Oil; Management; Farming

Topic
Extension of agriculture

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/nrfENvt6dqWu


Analysis of the Potential Development of Beef Cattle in East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia
Bogarth K. Watuwaya a*) Jasmal A. Syamsu (b), Budiman (b), Daniel Useng (3)

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Corresponding Author
Bogarth Kalikitnggamu Watuwaya

Institutions
a) PhD Candidate in Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University Makassar - Agricultural Vocational School Kupang, Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia
*)bogarthw[at]gmail.com
b) Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia
c) Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract
This study aimed is to examine the potential development of beef cattle in East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. The study was used a secondary data by analyzing the structure of livestock populations, livestock density, namely economic density, regional density and farming density. Location Quotient (LQ) was used to find out the comparative advantage of beef cattle in East Sumba Regency. The results of the analysis showed that the population of beef cattle in East Sumba Regency during the last five years (2014-2018) showed an increase in population of 2.03% per year, with population structure based on the age of livestock, namely 2,821 AU of calf, 5,342 AU of heifers and 29,843 AU of cattle. Livestock density in terms of economic density shows a dense category (> 300 AU/person) 55% in 12 districts, regional density shows a rare category (<10 AU/Km2) 81.82% in 18 districts and farming density shows a balanced category between moderate (0.25 - 1.0 AU/ha) and rare (<0.25 AU/ha), 45.45% in 20 districts. While districts with a LQ value > 1 (potential) is reached 40.91% are found in 8 districts namely Lewa, Nggaha Ori Angu, Karera, Kahaungu Eti, Pahunga Lodu, Rindi, Pandawai and Haharu. This shows that there are 8 districts that have a comparative advantage in beef cattle production.

Keywords
Beef cattle, Livestock structure, Livestock density, Location Quotient (LQ)

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/z8hHdc2Fj6bV


Analysis Productivity of Seaweed Cultivation (Glacilaria. sp) in Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi
Riskiyani (a*), S S Adhawati (b), L Fudjaja (c)

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Corresponding Author
RISKIYANI -

Institutions
a) Agribusiness Study Program at Postgraduate, Hasanuddin University
* riskiyani[at]pasca.unhas.ac.id
(b) Faculty of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University
c) Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10 Makassar, Indonesia.

Abstract
Seaweed is one of the leading commodities that has enormous potential supported by sea area of 5.8 million km2 with a total area of seaweed cultivation reaching 1.110.900 ha (LIPI, 2009). South Sulawesi Province became the main center of seaweed in Indonesia with the largest contribution (29%) in 2016, one of which was in the Takalar Regency. One type of kelp cultured in ponds is Glacilaria sp. Seaweed production is a strategic step at the level of crop development as it involves a high workload, a simple growing technology, a relatively short planting time of about 45 days (fast yield) and relatively cheap production costs. The growing demand for seaweed from year to year does not follow rising production volumes and fluctuating prices. The purpose of this study is to determine the description of the agrifood subsystem and to determine the productivity of the seaweed company Glacilaria sp. in the regency of Takalar. The design of the study uses qualitative and quantitative types of research. The number of samples used was 63 people. The results of this study are looking at the productivity of the seaweed cultivation of Glacilaria sp..The productivity in the Mappakasunggu District is 1,37 while the productivity in the Sanrobone District is 1,43. Good productivity, namely the use of inputs is less than the output results obtained, so that the income of fishermen cultivating seaweed Glacilaria sp. more increasing.

Keywords
Seaweed; Gracilaria sp. ; productivity

Topic
Extension of agriculture

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/yp72PTrUnCKL


ANIMAL REPRODUCTION STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
Danilda Hufana-Duran, Ph.D.

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Corresponding Author
DANILDA HUFANA-DURAN

Institutions
Scientist I and Head, Reproduction and Physiology Section
Philippine Carabao Center
Email Ad: dhduran[at]clsu.edu.ph or danildahd[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
Animal reproduction is an integral component for a sustainable livestock production. Enhancing the reproduction potential of animals without compromising the welfare would lead towards sustainable animal production. Careful attention adopting technological interventions would result to efficient performance and guarantees profit and sustainability. In the tropical environment, the effect of heat stress, food and water scarcity during summer affects the reproduction performance in most livestock species. Low expression of estrus, poor libido, incidence of abortion especially during prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, and embryonic death are among the problems that compromised reproductive efficiency. Through advance reproductive biotechnologies and management innovations and interventions, these problems could be controlled. The application of reproductive biotechnology tools such as estrus synchronization (ES), artificial insemination (AI), embryo transfer (ET) through multiple ovulation and in vivo collection of embryos, in-vitro embryo production (IVEP) and cryopreservation, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to produce the desired breed and sex of animal, and other reproductive biotechnologies that enhances reproduction potential are important innovations that can address specific needs and purpose for animal reproduction. The strategies, innovations, and important practices in the application of these reproductive tools and interventions are presented and discussed considering the welfare of the animals for a sustainable livestock production in a tropical environment.

Keywords
AI, ET, IVF, SCNT, biotechnologies, livestock production, reproduction, tropical environment

Topic
Animal reproduction

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/j8euHKQXkEyc


ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF BLACK SOLDIER FLIES (Hermetia illucens. L) EXTRACT TOWARDS THE GROWTH OF Salmonella typhimurium, E.coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Fuji Astuty Auza1, Sri Purwanti2, Jasmal A. Syamsu2, Asmuddin Natsir2

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Corresponding Author
Fuji Astuty Auza

Institutions
1Postgraduate Student Hasanuddin University, Makassar
2 Department of Animal Science Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Abstract
In addition to its high content in protein and lipid, Black soldier fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens. L) has antimicrobial peptides (AMP) that could inhibit the growth pathogenic microbes. Therefore BSF extract could be very potential in substituting the use of antibiotics in animal production system. This research was conducted to determine the antibacterial activity of BSF extract in vitro on the growth of Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa. The experiment was carried out according to the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of six treatments and three replications for each treatment. The treatments were different concentration levels of BSF extract, i.e. 75, 125, 175, 225, 275 and 325 mg.ml-1. Chloramphenicol with concentration of 30 µg.discs paper-1 was used as a positive control and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as a negative control. BSF extract was made using maceration extraction method. The antibacterial activity of BSF extract was determined by measuring the diameter of inhibitory zone (mm) formed around the discs paper following the 24 h of the incubation period. The results of this study indicated that the antibacterial activity of BSF extract increased (P<0.05) in line with the increase level of BSF extract concentration. The average diameter of the inhibition zone for Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa was 11.77 ± 0.03 mm, 11.15 ± 0.05 mm, and 11.15 ± 0.23 mm respectively, which was categorized as strong inhibition zone, even though was still lower compared to a very strong inhibiton zone of chloramphenikol, which was 14.74 ± 0.38 - 27.61 ± 0.35. In conclusion, the concentration of BSF extract of 325 mg.ml-1 is an effective concentration to inhibit the growth of the bacteria Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa.

Keywords
BSF, antibacterial, Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli, Pseudomonas aureginosa

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/WfnTcFte4g8j


ANTIOKSIDAN VALUE OF CHICKEN EGG OF THE FERMENTATION USING Lactobacillus plantarum ON THE DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE AND TIME INCUBATION
Azmi Mangalisu (a*), Effendi Abustam (b), Nahariah (b)

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Corresponding Author
Azmi Mangalisu

Institutions
a)Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Muhammadiyah Sinjai, Jl. Teuku Umar No. 8 Kelurahan Biringere, Kec. Sinjai Utara Kab. Sinjai, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
*azmimangalisu[at]gmail.com
b) Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Tamalanrea, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia

Abstract
Eggs contain antioxidants that are very beneficial to the body, but the antioxidants found on eggs consumption was still low. Increased antioxidants can be done with the utilization of fermentation technology with Lactobacillus plantarum bacteria. This research used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with factorial pattern, each treatment of temperature and time incubation, 243 fresh chicken eggs obtained from the same chicken farm, Lactobacillus plantarum FNCC 0027 and treatment was repeated 3 times. Parameters measured in the research were bacterial count (Log10 CFU / ml), dissolved protein (%), antioxidant activity (%) and antioxidant concentration (ml GEA / 100ml). The research results indicated that increase in the number of bacteria, dissolved proteins and antioxidant activity but decrease of the concentration antioxidants with increasing temperature and time incubation. Antioxidant activity on eggs chicken fermented of optimum at 370C incubated temperature for 96 hours of incubated time.

Keywords
eggs; fermentation; Lactobacillus plantarum; incubation; antioxidants.

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8BEtzf6kATGd


Antioxidant Activity of Milk Pasteurization by Addition of Matoa Leaf Extract (Pometia pinnata)
Munirah, Ratmawati Malaka, and Fatma Maruddin

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Corresponding Author
Ratmawati Malaka

Institutions
1Postgraduate of Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University
2Laboratory of Biotechnology of milk processing, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University

Abstract
This study aims to analyze the effect of the addition of matoa leaf extract (Pometia Pinnata) on the production of pasteurized milk with HTST pasteurization on the antioxidant activity of pasteurized milk. This research was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) in a unidirectional pattern with 5 treatments with 3 replications. Milk is made from 10% reconstituted milk, each sample is added matoa leaf extract (Pometia Pinnata), 0%, 0.05%, 0.10%, 0.15 and 0.20% respectively, then pasteurized using the HTST method (High Temprature Short Time) at 72oC for 15 seconds. The results showed that the addition of matoa leaf extract increased antioxidant activity and decreased the TBA value.

Keywords
Pasteurized milk, Matoa leaf extract, Antioxidant, TBA

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BGD4Exyuar2J


Antioxidant effects of brown rice powder in dangke nuggets during cold storage
wahniyathi hatta, effendi abustam, arham

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Corresponding Author
wahniyathi hatta hatta

Institutions
animal husbandry hasanuddin university

Abstract
Brown rice contains anthocyanin which has antioxidant activity so that it can inhibit the formation of free radicals in the body if consumed. This study aims to determine the effect of dangke substitution level with brown rice flour on the quality of dangke nuggets during cold storage for 14 days. This study is using completely randomized design (CRD) factorial pattern with two factors, namely: dangke substitution level with brown rice flour (0%, 10%, and 20%) and duration of storage in refrigerator (0 days, 7 days and 14 days). The parameters analyzed were antioxidant activity with DPPH free radical scavenging activity method, pH value, and the TBA value of dangke nuggets. The results showed that the level of brown rice flour and storage duration had a highly significant effect (P <0.01) on antioxidant activity, pH value, and TBA value of the product. The interaction between the two factors had highly significant effect (P <0.01) on antioxidant activity. Increased levels of brown rice flour increased antioxidant activity and pH value and decreased TBA value, while increasing storage time increased antioxidant activity and decreased the pH and TBA value of the product. Dangke nuggets with 10% and 20% brown rice flour levels have relatively the same antioxidant activity on the 7th and 14th day of storage. Dangke nuggets with 10% level of brown rice flour have good quality for 14 days storage in cold temperatures.

Keywords
nuggets, dangke, brown rice, storage, antioxidants

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/GPavtrTKhR9A


Assessment of organoleptic quality in fermented chicken egg whites at different times
Milawati, R, N. Nahariah , F.N. Yuliati and H. Hikmah

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Corresponding Author
nahariah nahariah

Institutions
Hasanuddin University

Abstract
Abstract. Eggs are animal products with high nutritional value. Nutritional components in eggs are protein, fat, vitamins and minerals in sufficient quantities. Egg fermentation is done to increase the value of the benefits of eggs, including functional beverage products. The aim of the study was to assess organoleptic quality in chicken egg whites with different fermentation times. The research design used was completely randomized design (CRD) with one treatment and three replications (hours) 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24, respectively. The parameters assessed are aroma, taste, thickness, fondness and colors. The results showed that there was a change in aroma, taste and preference for egg whites fermented along with increasing fermentation time. Fermentation time can improve aroma and taste. However, the fermentation time shows the color value and the panelist preference value which decreases. The thickness value does not change, but there is a tendency to increase in value. The time of fermentation in egg white shows changes in organoleptic quality and is optimal at 6 hours of fermentation.

Keywords
Eggs, fermentation, organoleptic

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/83H6hm92eTzn


BACTERIAL EXOPOLYSACCHARIDE (EPS) PRODUCTION FROM MILK FERMENTED STARTER CULTURE AND UTILIZATION IN FOOD PRODUCT
Ratmawati Malaka1*, Maynor Vargas Vargas2

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Corresponding Author
Ratmawati Malaka

Institutions
1Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University
2Research Laboratory of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, National Technical University (UTN), Costa Rica

Abstract
Exocellular polysaccharide production (EPS) is found in many species of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. EPS production by lactic acid bacteria plays an important role in the rheological behavior and texture of fermented milk. The use of EPS which produces lactic acid bacteria has been claimed to provide a thick body and to avoid gel and wheying fractures in fermented milk, which is a problem that often has to be faced by culture milk factories. Furthermore, it has been claimed that EPS isolated from the culture of lactic acid bacteria has antitumor activity. On the other hand a number of polysaccharide bacteria are indicated to have a strong inhibitory effect on AIDS infection. A wide range of polysaccharide bacteria has emerged as an important class of bioactive natural products. It is surprising that over the last few years most scientists have claimed about the possible different effects of EPS bacteria in treating various diseases, such as immune disorders and tumors, and their activity as an anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, cholesterol-lowering or antithrombotic agent. In our previous experiments, EPS can improve the quality of sour milk curd, and can be used as a food addiction. The production of EPS bacteria is genetically determined, but it is influenced by the modification of the culture conditions. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of EPS produced by bacterial fermented milk starter cultures and prospects for their use in food and health.

Keywords
Exopolysaccaride, Fermented milk, antitumor activity

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KVpzacmHGkWP


Bioeconomic analysis of shortfin scads fish (Decapterus spp) in the Flores Sea Waters of South Sulawesi Indonesia
Aris Baso 1), Najamuddin 1), Firman 1), M. Hasyim Hasani 1) and Andi Asni 2)

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Corresponding Author
Aris Baso

Institutions
1) Faculty of marine science and fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
2) Faculty of fisheries and marine science, Indonesian Muslim University, Makassar

Abstract
The bioeconomic approach is a combination of scientists with a biological approach and fish entrepreneurs with an economic approach. The results tend to be more realistic to apply. Widely used in various countries and is one of the references in the management of fisheries resources. This study aims to evaluate the stock of shortfin scads fish in the marine waters of Flores, South Sulawesi. The research conducted from April to September 2019 using a survey method for fishing gear related to the Flores Sea of South Sulawesi. Data collection was carried out through interviews using a questionnaire and direct measurement of caught fish. Research locations include the districts of Jeneponto, Bantaeng, Bulukumba and Selayar. Measurement data of fish catches are presented in graphical form and compared with reference sizes for the first time the gonads mature. Time series data on the number of fishing gear and catches for 10 years is calculated using the Microsoft excel program package. The results of the analysis showed that the population growth rate was 0.999, purse seine capture coefficient was 0.0051, the carrying capacity of the water environment was 124504.2 tons. Potential stock of floating fish 59821.61 tons, potential OSY 31054.11 tons and efforts to catch 103 purse seine units. Production has been achieved in the last year of 38657 tons with 252 units of purse seine fishing gear. Utilization rate has reached 124.5%. To maintain the sustainability of laying fish resources in the marine waters of Flores, South Sulawesi, the number of purse seines must be reduced by 59%.

Keywords
bioeconomic, shortfin scads fish, Flores sea

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/34hPbeRHDvJK


Biofertilizer as a tool for soil fertility management in changing climate
Bhupender Singh1, Atul Kumar Upadhyay2, Abdel Rahman Al-Tawaha3, Abdel Razzaq Al- Tawaha4,sitti nurani sirajuddin5

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Corresponding Author
Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin

Institutions
1School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, India.

2Department of Biotechnology, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala, 147 004, Punjab, India.

(3) Department of Biological Sciences, Al Hussein Bin Talal University, P.O. Box 20, Ma-an, Jordan e-mail: abdel-al-tawaha[at]ahu.edu.jo
(4) Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
5 Department of Socioeconomics, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, hasanuddin University

Abstract
Many biotic and abiotic factors affect agriculture production worldwide. Bio-fertilisers of microbial origin can be a good option for sustaining productivity with more environment-friendly and integrated nutrient management approach. They have been advanced to use the naturally occurring nutrient mobility mechanisms, which promotes soil fertility and results in improved crop production.

Keywords
Biofertilizer, soil fertility, climate changing

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/9q7BcUDYER2e


BIRTH WEIGHT AND PRE-WEANING GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF BOER CROSSBRED AND PERANAKAN ETTAWA GOATS REARED UNDER INTENSIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEM
Muhammad Ihsan Andi Dagong1*, Lellah Rahim1 and Sri Rachma Aprilita Bugiwati1

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Ihsan Andi Dagong

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University (Jln. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalanrea, 90245. Makassar South Sulawesi, Indonesia)

Abstract
Boer are one of the goats with high growth potential and have good fertility. The expected advantage of the results of the crossing between Boer and Peranakan Ettawa (PE) goats is the effect of heterosis and breed complementary from its offspring which is characterized by good growth performance. The purpose of this study was to compare the offspring performance of Boer crossbred and Peranakan Ettawa in the same intensive production systems. The mating model used was a crossing model of Boer Fullblood buck as a source of genes mated with Peranakan Ettawa goat does which would be compared with the performance of native Peranakan Ettawa goats. This study was used 20 heads of goat divided into two experimental groups, namely crossing Boer groups (n = 10 heads), and Peranakan Ettawa goats (n = 10 heads). The measured performance parameters include birth weight, 1 month body weight and pre-weaning body weight. To see the difference between the two treatment groups, the data were analyzed using student t-test statistics. The birth weight of Boer cross goats has 4.25 ± 0.9 kg which was higher than Peranakan Ettawa goat (3.75 ± 0.5 kg), while the weight at 1 month age also shows a higher performance of Boer cross goats than Peranakan Ettawa goats (8.45 ± 1.9 vs 5.94 ± 0.8 kg) with the performance of average daily gain (ADG) which was also much higher (102.5 ± 93 vs 89 ± 26 g). Boer cross kids growth performance shows higher growth performance compared with Peranakan Ettawa kids. The Boer and Peranakan Ettawa goats crossing program produces a good heterosis effect to improve the performance of local goats, especially local goats that are maintained intensively in the Sulawesi region, Indonesia.

Keywords
Boer Crossbred, Growth Performance, Intensive, Crossing, Heterosis

Topic
Breeding and livestock production

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8ehJNGVDQmUp


Body Weight and Morphometrics of Bali Cattle at People Breeding Station and Non Breeding Station Areas
Sjamsuddin Garantjang, Ambo Ako, Sutomo Syawal, Farida Nuryuliati, Muhammad Hatta¹* and Chalid Talib²

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Hatta

Institutions
Department of Animal Production, Animal Science Faculty Hasanuddin University
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Makassar, 90245
Corresponding email: muhammadhatta[at]unhas.ac.id

Abstract
The research aims to analyze the differences between body weight and morphometric of Bali cattle in the area of People Breeding Station (PBS) and Non-People Breeding Station (NPBS). The total number of measurable Bali cattle was 204 heads each consisted of 96 male and 108 females from PBS and NPBS. Mean and standard deviation of body weight Bali male cattle in PBS was significantly higher (p<0.01) than in NPBS of the same age groups. Mean and standard deviation body weight of Bali female cattle in PBS significantly (p<0.01) higher than in NPBS for age 0.1-1.0 and 1.1-2.0 years group but bodyweight for 2.1-3.0 and 3.1-4.0 years groups in PBS non significantly (p>0.05) than in NPBS. All of the morphometrics data was found that such as body lenght (BL), shoulder height (SH) and chest circumference (CC) of Bali cattle increased with the age advancement. Morphometrics of Bali cattle for age less than 3 years in PBS significantly (p<0.01) higher than Bali cattle in NPBS. In conclusion, the body weight and morphometrics of Bali cattle at PBS were higher than those at NPBS.

Keywords
Bali cattle. breeding station. body weight. morphometric

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JArYG2E34vnV


BOTANICAL COMPOSITION AND TYPE OF FEED VEGETATION OF GRAZING FIELD IN THE CAPTIVE BREEDING AREA FOR TIMOR DEER (Cervus timorensis)
Arifuddin M Sadik1, Damry1, Najamuddin1, and Toknok B2

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Corresponding Author
Sri Purwanti

Institutions
1Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Tadulako University
2Faculty of Forestry, Tadulako University

Abstract
A research has been conducted to determine the botanical composition and the type of feed vegetation of the grazing field of a captive breeding area for Timor deer (Cervus timorensis) at Wosu Village, Bungku Barat District, Morowali District, Central Sulawesi Province from July 23 until August 12, 2018. Forage samples were taken with a destructive sampling method using a pair of 1 x 1m frame. Vegetation sapling is carried out by using the method of grid lines, which using a quadrant with a size of 1 x 1 m for seedling level and 2 x 2 for the stake level. Dry matter content of the forage samples was analyzed at the Animal Nutrition and Feeding Laboratory, Tadulako University. Data were analyzed and results were presented descriptively. The results showed that the botanical composition of the was 83% grasses and 17% weeds. The grasses were dominated by Imperata cylindrica, Cyperus rotundus, Cyperus kyllingia Endl., and Paspalum conjugatum. The important value index for seedling level was Teki Grass (Cyperus rotundus L) with a value of 80.76% and Akar ketumpu (Maesa ramantacea) with a value of 51.90% at the stake level.

Keywords
Timor deer (Cervus timorensis), feed, captive breeding, botanical composition, feed vegetation

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KD4ygem2kVJP


Brighteness, elongation and thickness of edible film with caseinate sodium using a type of plasticizer
Fatma Maruddin, Ratmawati Malaka, Syahdar Baba, Hasnawati Amqam, Muhammad Taufik, Syahriana Sabil

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Corresponding Author
Fatma Maruddin

Institutions
Hasanuddin University

Abstract
The use of plasticizer can improve the flexibility, elasticity and friability of edible films. The characteristics of edible film made from sodium caseinate are influenced by the use of a type of plasticizer. Differences in material source and molecular weight of various types of plasticizers result in differences in the interaction of hydrogen bonds between water-protein-plasticizer molecules and further cause differences in the physical characteristics of edible films. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of plasticizer types (glycerol, sorbitol and polyethylene glycol (PEG)) on the characteristics of edible films. The edible film characteristics observed were color L * (brightness), elongation and thickness. Data were analyzed with complete random design and repeated three times. The use of plasticizer type affects the edible color value (L *) with a value of around 85.62-87.43 (close to white). However, the type of plasticizer did not affect the elongation and thickness of the edible film. The range of elongation and thickness of the edible film with the use of a type of plasticizer is around 15.96-16.22% and an average of about 0.15 mm. The color value of L * (brightness) of edible film using sorbitol type plasticizers is higher than that using glycerol and PEG. The characteristics of edible films using sorbitol plasticizers are better, compared to those using glycerol and PEG.

Keywords
edible film made from sodium caseinate, type of plasticizer, physical characteristics

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/WhUQjTZ4E8dB


Carcass percentage and digestive organs development of broiler chickens fed diets containing organic selenium and fermented selenium-rich feedstuff
S. Mozin*., U. Hatta., S. Sarjuni., N.M. Toana., M. Gobel and B. Sundu

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Corresponding Author
Selvy Mozin

Institutions
Animal Science and Fisheries faculty, University of Tadulako

Abstract
Abstract: Fermentation has been practice to bioconvert inorganic substances into more readily available nutrients. Selenium is an important trace mineral functioning to improve growth and health status. A study was carried out to determine the carcass percentage and organ development of broilers fed fermented diets with the addition of selenium. Rice bran from the local market was purchased and finely ground. One kg rice bran added with 1 g sodium selenite as surce of selenium (Se) was autoclaved for 20 minutes at 20 psi. The autoclaved rice bran was added with distilled water up to 80% moisture concentration. The autoclaved mixture was incubated with two different fungi (Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) for 120 hours to produce fermented rice bran with A. niger (FRBAN) and fermented rice bran with S. cerevisiae (FRBSC). The study used 140 day-old-chicks as experimental animals. The birds were kept in cages for 6 weeks and fed 5 different diets ad-libitum. The treatments were control basal diet (T-1), control + 0.4 ppm Se (sodium selenite; T-2), control basal diet + 0.4 ppm Se from Selplex commercial feed additive rich in Se (T-3), control diet + 0.4 ppm Se derived from FRBSC (T-4) and control basal diet + 0.4 Se derived from FRBAN (T-5). A completely randomized design was adopted in this study with 5 treatments and 4 replications. Results of the study indicate that percentages of liver, gizzard, and carcass were lower in birds fed diets containing sodium selenite. Shorter relative length and diameter of the small intestine were also found in the birds offered the sodium selenite – supplemented diet. The percentages of abdominal fat and breast muscle were not affected by treatment diets. In conclusion, the addition of Se in the form of sodium selenite negatively affected percentages of the liver, gizzard, carcass and digestive tract dimensions. Fermentation of rice bran containing sodium selenite could minimize the detrimental effect of inorganic selenium.

Keywords
Keywords: Rice bran, bioconversion, Broilers and selenium

Topic
Poultry production and nutrition

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/7u4UYc9HrzZq


Causes of Low Pregnancy Rates in Beef Cattle Through Artificial Insemination Technology in Soppeng Regency (Case Study: Performance of The 2018 UPSUS SIWAB)
Yulia Irwina Bonewati1, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin2, and Muhammad Yusuf2

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Corresponding Author
YULIA IRWINA BONEWATI

Institutions
1Postgraduate of Animal Science Department, Hasanuddin University
2Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the causes of low pregnancy rates in beef cattle through artificial insemination in the 2018 UPSUS SIWAB program in Soppeng Regency. This type of research was exploratory by involving 3 informants who were considered to know clearly the causes of low pregnancy rates in beef cattle through artificial insemination in the 2018 UPSUS SIWAB program in Soppeng Regency, were breeder, inseminator, and employee of the Animal Husbandry Office of Soppeng Regency. The data obtained were analyzed qualitatively using the Delphi method. The results showed that 4 main factors were obtained, namely the motivation of breeders for PKb treatment (pregnancy inspection) by inseminator was still low, the semi-intensive beef cattle maintenance system was not carried out well even some breeder were still maintaining an extensive maintenance system, the location of the breeders house was difficult to reached by inseminator, and breeders knowledge about the detection of lust was still lacking which causes the pregnancy rate through artificial insemination in the 2018 UPSUS SIWAB program in Soppeng Regency could not reach the target.

Keywords
UPSUS SIWAB Government Program, Artificial Insemination, Natural Breeding, Beef Cattle, Soppeng Regency.

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AkTumnpKVvdq


Challenges of Using Feed Additives in Indonesia
Teddy Candinegara

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Corresponding Author
Teddy Candinegara

Institutions
Executive director at PT. Behn Meyer Chemicals, Indonesia

Abstract
Abstract. The use of feed additives can significantly improve the efficiency of animal production, including the possibility of feed cost reduction and alternative feed raw material use. The number and type of feed additives with different purpose are wide available and provide alternatives to users. However, there are obstacles faced by livestock owner whether feed additives chosen to fit according to their end target, as well as costs constrain. The challenges in the tropics such as in Indonesia are quite different especially after the government prohibit antibiotic growth promotor as feed additive. There have been many efforts to get the best material to replace this antibiotic growth promotor, but there is still no one that can replace it in terms of effectiveness and cost

Keywords
feed additive, tropic

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/HTjxmc7evPGz


Characteristics of Duck Farmers Moving From Pinrang Regency to Sidrap Regency, Indonesia
Hastang, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Aslina Asnawi, Mahyuddin

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Corresponding Author
HASTANG HASANG

Institutions
Department of Social Economic, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Perintis Kemerdekaan street Km. 10, Tamalanrea Indah, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Idonesia.
High School Of Agricultural Science YAPI Bone District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the characteristics of duck farmers who move from Pinrang Regency to Sidrap Regency.This study was conducted in January 2017 to March 2017 in Pinrang Regency and Sidrap Regency, South Sulawesi Province Indonesia. The study population was all the farmers who maintained post-harvest ducks in Pinrang and Sidrap regency, a total of 412 breeders. The population in this study were all duck farmers. The number of samples used in this study included as many as 80 respondents. Data used in this study is the quantitative data that is data in the form of numbers or figures relating to research. The data used in this study are primary data and secondary data, both quantitative and qualitative. The analysis of data was frequency distribution. The results showed the characteristics of duck breeders moving from Pinrang Regency to Sidrap Regency, namely more men than women, of productive age, the education level of respondents was elementary school or even uneducated, the general experience of farmers was 9–12 year

Keywords
moving duck, characteristic, farmers

Topic
Socio-economic of animal science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/jYkeqLNDFGup


CHARACTERISTICS OF IMMUNOCOMPETENCE IN INDONESIAN CHICKENS
Habib MF (a*), Sumantri C (b), Murtini S (c), Gunawan A (d), Sartika T (e), Ulupi N (f)

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Corresponding Author
muhammad fikri al habib

Institutions
(a) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
*habibfikri64[at]gmail.com
(b) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(c) Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(d) Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
(e) Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia
(f)Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Abstract
The concentration of IgY in the body is often associated with resistance to bacterial infections, whereas ND specific antibody titters are indicated as resistance to viral infections. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of IgY and ND titters in newly released chickens, and to compare them with native chickens spread in the community. This research used 286 IPB-D1 chickens, Jatiwangi Sentul chickens, and Sensi-1 chicken. IgY concentration were analyzed using the ELISA method, and ND titters were analyzed using the HI test. The results of the study showed high IgY concentrations were found in IPB-D1 chickens (10.10) and Sensi-1 chickens (10.63), while moderate IgY concentrations were found in jatiwangi sentul chickens (8.63). The results of ND titers showed that the chicken IPB-D1 (2.08) and Sensi-1 chicken (2.54) were higher than Sentul Jatiwangi chickens (0.70). It could be concluded that IPB-D1 chickens and Sensi-1 chickens are more resistant to disease infections than other chickens. Selection and crossbreeding programs in IPB-D1 and Sensi-1 chicken have been proven to increase resistance characteristics.

Keywords
Antibody, Disease Resistance, Indonesia Chicken, Breeding Programs

Topic
Animal welfare and health

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/6ZELv4cG2XBn


CHARACTERISTICS OF NON-CARCASS KACANG GOAT CARVED INTENSIVE FATTENING IN DIFFERENT GENDER
Muhammad Hatta, Sudirman Baco, Hastang

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Hatta

Institutions
Hasanuddin University

Abstract
This study aims to examine the characteristics of non-carcasses, which are of economic value, and non-economically in intensive fattened male and female goats. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Beef Cattle and Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Food, Hasanuddin University Makassar. The material used in this study were 16 Kacang goat, 8 males and 8 females under 1-year-old (Io). The tools used in this study were machetes, shovels, buckets, basins, surgeon, scales, plastic bags, scalpels, and writing instruments. The ingredients used are forage, bran, jag n g, coconut meal, fish meal, minerals, salt, and molasses. The method used is the intensive maintenance stage, given a feed of 3% (based on the dry matter) of body weight for 3 months. The second stage is slaughtering and carving. This stage the cattle are weighed first then slaughtered. After that, the carcass is carried out and weighed all the non-carcass parts (offal). Data were analyzed using the t-test . and descriptive. Data processing using SPSS version 16 computer package program. The results of studies on pea goats showed that the percentage of the total non-carcass weight of male goats was relatively the same compared to combined.g Female beans. The non-carcass weight of male economic value is relatively higher than that of females.

Keywords
Keywords: Kacang Goat, gender, intensive, fattening, and non-carcass.

Topic
Animal production Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/2f7xrchL4KeZ


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