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Abstract Topic: Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

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Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects of Swine Industry in Vietnam
Nguyen Hoang Qui and Budi Guntoro

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Corresponding Author
Qui Hoang Nguyen

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl Fauna 3, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract
In the gross output of agriculture sector, livestock contributes about 19% and is important income for farmers, especially small-farmers in Vietnam. Small-scale farms accounted for 85% in livestock scale of Vietnam. Swine sector is the most important livestock sector in Vietnam because of their contribution to nutrient human in Vietnam annually, about 70-76% of total meat production (main meal of Vietnam people). This paper reviews the Vietnamese swine trading sector. Starting with an overview of Vietnam natural conditions of swine industry, including a description of prevalent swine production systems, value chain of swine trading, the paper then takes a systematic view of opportunities, challenges and prospects of swine product marketing. Besides that, the government in Vietnam implemented projects, policies and strategies for strengthening swine industry, keeping pork price stable and improving swine herd. The opportunities offered by swine farming to improve livelihoods for many small scale and resource poor households in Vietnam, thus farmers and small-farmers can enhance their standard living. However, pork and swine producers, especially small holders, face challenges of knowledge gap in best practice in husbandry and management of farms as businesses. Other challenges in swine production are low quality-high cost feeds, inability to service quantity and quality demands of the market and challenges of sourcing high quality raw materials. One of emerging problems is the majority of swine farmers are limited in market power and there is low income from swine production and in beginning of 2019, African Swine Fever (ASF) emerged in Vietnam and rapidly spread to whole of Vietnam country which caused seriously influence on swine industry in Vietnam and led to the decrease of swine herd in Vietnam. This paper also assessed likely changes in the next 5 years in Vietnam, based on past trends, future scenarios and evaluated growth potential, viability and sustainability of small holder swine systems in Vietnam.

Keywords
value chain, swine industry, Vietnam

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ad6QeVqECA9u


Development of Bacterial Cellulose/Chitosan Biocomposite as a Potential Edible Coating for Fresh Cut Fruits
Sukmiyati Agustin (a), M Nur Cahyanto (a), Endang Tri Wahyuni (b), Suparmo (a)

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Corresponding Author
Sukmiyati Agustin

Institutions
(a) Department of Food and Agricultural Technology Faculty of Agricultural Technology Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
(b) Department of Chemistry Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Abstract
A bacterial cellulose/chitosan (BC-C) biocomposite material was obtained by microbial synthesis under static condition with the use of Gluconacetobacter xylinus InaCCB404 and addition of chitosan in varied concentration. The BC and BC-C biocomposites were examined for the chemical composition by FTIR, the crystallinity by XRD, the tensile strength by tensile tester, the color by chromameter and the water vapor permeability (WVP). The spectra resulted from FTIR analysis showed an intermolecular interaction between BC and C. The obtained biocomposite material was transparent, and display a WVP value of 2.97 – 5.94 x10-5 g.s-1.m-2.Pa-1 with crystallinity index and crystallite size lower than native BC. The BC-C biocomposites- properties showed the material potency as an edible coating for fresh cut fruits.

Keywords
bacterial cellulose, chitosan, biocomposites, edible coating

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/d8QkCeGyuwWx


FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE BUSINESS MOTIVATION OF LAYING HENS (CASE STUDY IN "BERKAH TELOR MAKMUR")
Roisu Eny Mudawaroch (a), Zulfanita (a), Dyah Panuntun Utami(a) and Dimas Wicaksono (b)

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Corresponding Author
Roisu Eny Mudawaroch

Institutions
(a) Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo.
Jalan K. H. Dahlan 3a Purworejo, Central Java
(b) chairman of the laying hens breeders association
Berkah Telor Makmur

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to determine the motivation of farmers in developing laying hens, analyze the relationship between internal factors of farmers with farmer motivation, and analyze the relationship of external factors with farmers motivation. This research was conducted at the laying hens association in "Berkah Telor Makmur" which includes Purworejo Regency, Magelang Regency, Kebumen Regency, and Wonosobo Regency. Sampling was carried out randomly from a group of 25 farmers. This research was designed as a correlational descriptive study. Analysis of the data used is descriptive statistical analysis and correlational analysis using the Spearman rank test (rs) and contingency coefficients from the chi-square test (χ2) The results showed the motivation of farmers in laying hens in "Blessing Eggs Makmur" is relatively high. The motivation of these breeders arises because farmers feel the laying hens business can support their social relationships and can be developed as a family business. Spearman rank correlation test (rs) and contingency coefficients from the chi-square test (χ2) show that the internal factors of farmers have a strong enough relationship with the motivation of laying hens. Laying hens raising the economic level of the members of "Berkah Telor Makmur".

Keywords
laying hens, internal factors, external factors, and motivation.

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/38QkBpzeyAVw


INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY OF Sphagneticola trilobata LEAVE EXTRACT AGAINST LARVAE OF Spodoptera litura
Efrin Firmansyah (a*), Selvy Isnaeni (b)

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Corresponding Author
Efrin Firmansyah

Institutions
a), b) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Perjuangan University of Tasikmalaya, West Java Indonesia, 46115
*efrinfirmansyah[at]unper.ac.id

Abstract
ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to know the insecticidal activity of Sphagneticola trilobata leave extract against larvae of Spodoptera litura. There are several steps in this research namely: insect rearing, plant extraction, bioassay test (toxicity, feeding activity and development inhibition test). The extract was used in this research was the methanol leave extract of S. trilobata with six concentrations level: 0.0%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 3.0%, and 5.0%. The results showed that the highest mortality (72%) caused by 5.0% concentration six day after application. Responds of larva feeding activity showed that the higher extract concentration applied the lower feeding activity of larvae. The higher extract concentration applied the longer development time the larvae become pupae, and pupae become adults. Nevertheless the treatments are not significant influences the measure of long and weight of pupae.

Keywords
botanical insecticides; Lepidoptera; weed.

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/D8Mr6YZaCvkn


PLANT INDIGOFERA AS RAW MATERIALS IN NATURAL BATIK
Darban Haryanto , Ellen Rosyelina Sasmita

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Corresponding Author
Darban Haryanto

Institutions
UPNVY

Abstract
ABSTRACT PLANT INDIGOFERA AS RAW MATERIALS IN NATURAL BATIK Darban Haryanto (1) Ellen Rosyelina Sasmita (2) darbanharyanto@ymail.com Indigofera plant is one type of plant where the leaves can be used as natural coloring agents for coloring batik cloth which has a prospective future. Yogyakarta as the center of batik most of the batik industry for its coloring material uses chemical dyes. The advantage of this chemical textile dye is that it is inexpensive and has a high stability compared to natural dyes, in addition to the diversity of colors available and the continuity of the guaranteed material so that it is preferred by consumers. But since there is a prohibition on using chemical dyes, especially from azo species in the Netherlands, Japan and Germany, it provides an opportunity to find a substitute for chemical batik colors using natural batik dyes. Dyestuff-producing plants grow in Indonesia, more than 150 types of plants that produce dyes that can be extracted from roots, stems, flowers, bark and others. Among these types of plants producing color is Indigofera. The leaves of this plant can be extracted which can give a blue color. Indigofera plants are relatively easy in their cultivation and do not require fertile land requirements, so that the marginal land of these plants can be cultivated. Indigofera plants are resistant to pruning, so at the age of 4 months the leaves can be utilized to be processed into indigo paste that produces blue color (tom). In its life cycle that can reach 2 years, plants can be taken as many as 6 times pruning. Indigo leaf processing can be done by extracting this plant with the following steps: the leaves are immersed in a soaking tub and then the immersion water is oxidized, the result is a settling paste. This paste is then drained to reduce the water content. Indigo paste produced can be used for natural batik dyes Keywords: batik, natural dyes, Indigofera (1) Lecturer in the Department of Agricultures Agriculture Faculty UPNVY (2) Lecturer of the Department of Agricultures Agriculture Faculty UPNVY Paper presented at the international seminar ICGAI Faculty of Agriculture, Yogyakarta National Development University

Keywords
batik, natural dyes, Indigofera

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/B9xu6eE2dYaK


Reducing the risk level of MSDs for workers by providing a recovery time schedule for repetitive task
Dyah Rachmawati Lucitasari

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Corresponding Author
Dyah Rachmawati Lucitasari

Institutions
Faculty of Industrial Engineering, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta

Abstract
One of the product that produced by SR Silver is aluminum key pendulum. The first production process is smoothing the aluminum key pendulum with sandpapering machine and then polish the is aluminum key pendulum with grinding machine. Both processes are classified as repetitive action, because both hands do repetitive motion forward and backward for seven hours of work without recovery time. In the other hand, there are complaints of pain in some parts of the worker-s body, which are indicative of symptoms musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This resesarch is intended to reduce the risk level of MSDs for workers by providing a recovery time schedule for repetitive task. This research uses Occupational Repetitive Action Index Index method to measure the risk level of worker-s MSDs before and after implement recovery time schedule. Recovery time schedule was made by considering the energy consumption of workers (Energy Expenditure). Slot with highest energy consumption will be considered as priority slot to get a recovery time. The results showed that there was a reduction in the risk value of MSDs in both processes. For the smoothing process, in the right hand there was a reduction in risk value from 7,61 (medium risk) to 5,07 (medium risk) andrisk value from 7 (medium risk) to 4,67 (medium risk) forthe left hand. In the polishing processthere was a reduction in risk value from 12,55 (high risk) to 8,37 (medium risk) in the right hand and risk value from 11,01 (high risk) to 7.34 (medium risk) for the left hand.

Keywords
repetitive action, recovery time schedule, occupational repetitive action index

Topic
Any Other Topics Related to Agro-Industry

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/NMr8v63gcYJU


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