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Abstract Topic: Economics and Islamic economics

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Agrarian Politic and Food Security in the Islamic Economic System
Hady Sutjipto (a), Lina Affifatusholihah (b)

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Corresponding Author
Hady Sutjipto

Institutions
(a) Department of Economic, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(b) Department of Marketing, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Abstract
This research aims to analyze agrarian policies and food securities in the Islamic Economic system. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive that describes critically agrarian policies in the Islamic Economic system. This study uses secondary data derived from books, literatures, scientific articles and other informations related to agrarian policy. The results of the study indicate that Islamic economic politics of agrarian is the best policy as an alternative policy to overcome agrarian problems and food securities. Agrarian political facts show that the management of agricultural land is still largely in the form of land rent of unproductive and abandoned agricultural and this endangers food security. As a result, farmers continue to suffer losses and the occurrence of food dependence from abroad. This research suggests that the government in reforming the Agrarian Law implement agrarian politics in the Islamic economy to achieve sustainable food security

Keywords
Agrarian Politics; Food Security; Islamic Economy

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/P934KQgpeRV7


CERTIFICATION OF THE ISLAMIC ECONOMIC JUDGES IN THE CONSUMER PROTECTION PERSPECTIVE
Rofah Setyowati, Muhyidin Mughni, Aisyah Ayu Musyafa, Hendro Saptono, Masut

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Corresponding Author
Rofah Setyowati

Institutions
Faculty of Law Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Semarang Indonesia; Faculty of Law Diponegoro University,Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Semarang Indonesia; Faculty of Law Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Semarang Indonesia; Faculty of Law Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Semarang Indonesia; Faculty of Law Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Semarang Indonesia

Abstract
This article aims to assess the regulation of the Islamic economic judge certification from perspective of consumer protection. Philosophical and juridical approaches, have been used in this study. The results of this study include: certification of important Islamic economic judges to ensure Islamic economic disputes are settled in accordance with sharia principles. This is called sharia compliance. Thus, sharia compliance is a right for consumers of Islamic financial institutions. In other words, the certification of Islamic economic judges is one of consumer protection, especially in the spiritual aspect. This provision has been explicitly contained in the Supreme Court Regulations, especially in terms of the mechanism and content of the certification material.

Keywords
certification; Islamic economic judge; consumer protection

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hKHVkfJgzxX3


COLLECTION OF COMMUNITY FUNDS WITH WADIAH AKAD AND THE APPLICATION OF SHARIA BANKING
1. Dr. Amnawati, S.H., M.H.; 2. Hj. Wati Rahmi Ria, S.H., M.H.; 3. Muhamad Zulfikar, S.H., M.H.

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Corresponding Author
AMNAWATI AMNAWATI

Institutions
Faculty of Law
Lampung University

Abstract
Wadiah in principle is to help the requester, and the party entrusted with his position as a helper. For this reason, the nature of wadiah is trustworthy. In the book of Ianatut Thalibin by Ad Dimyathy, it is explained that wadiah is: "A contract aimed at safeguarding assets." In carrying out the practice of wadiah, customer funds deposited in Islamic banks receive secure guarantees, and syariah banking is mandatory bear all risks that occur in customer funds. Furthermore, not only guarantees, but furthermore, Islamic banking provides benefits which are then referred to as profit sharing. This paper tries to explain how the application of Islamic banking products that use the Wadia contract is related to fiqh muamalah? The wadiah in sharia banking is not the wadiah described in the books of fiqh. The sharia banking tradition currently practiced is more relevant to the receivables law, because the bank utilizes customer money in its various projects. The authority to use goods, own the results and bear the damage or loss is the main difference between wadiah and dain (debts). Thus, if these three characters have been embedded in the wadiah contract, then in fact and the law this contract will change to a debt and non-wadi loan agreement.

Keywords
Wadiah, Islamic Banking.

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/gjYF7VD3hPvf


CONSUMPTION ETHICS AND WELFARE IN ISLAMIC ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE
Rahmat Ilyas, Hadarah

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Corresponding Author
Rahmat Ilyas

Institutions
IAIN Syaikh Abdurrahman Siddik Bangka Belitung

Abstract
Welfare is the goal of Islamic teachings in the economic field. Welfare is part of rahmatan lilalamin taught by Islam. Islam regulates all human behavior in meeting their needs, including consumption. This study wants to try to see empirically how the welfare level of the people of Tabagsel especially South Tapanuli Regency and Padangsidimpuan City are viewed from an Islamic economic perspective. The variable in this study is consumption ethics. The results of this study indicate that consumption ethics affect welfare, seen from the calculation results obtained, namely t count 2.618> t-table 1.967 and the significance of the study is 0.009 <0.05 which means Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted, means that there is an influence between ethics consumption of welfare. The magnitude of the influence of consumption ethics on welfare is 0.135 as indicated by the magnitude of the β value of this study.

Keywords
Welfare, Consumption, Consumption Ethics

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/aNtzKVWy2BDe


Economic Approaches of Zakat Management Institutions in Malaysia
Zakaria Bahari

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Corresponding Author
Zakaria Bahari

Institutions
Centre for Islamic Development Management (ISDEV)
Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang

Abstract
This paper aims to identify the types of economic approaches, philosophies and economic theories used in the implementation of productive zakat in zakat institutions in Malaysia. This study is a qualitative study using information from the field through zakat practitioners at zakat institutions as well as secondary data from journal materials, reports, websites and books. This study used conventional content analysis to analyse data. The findings show that the form of economic approach applied is self-serving, collaboration between zakat institutions and smart cooperation approaches with external agencies. The philosophy of economics is to use fishing rod and not the fishes, and no economic theory is applied. Zakat institutions provide the programs through capital assistance, courses, training skills and equipment assistance.

Keywords
Zakat Distribution, Productive Zakat, Economy Approach

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/2hUD8bajLfWq


Halal Food As Gastronomy Tourism Strategy: Opportunities and Challenges For Indonesian Economy
Aula Nurul Marifah, Estelee Elora Akbar, Sela Nur Fitria, Umi Rohmah, Nurul Hidayati

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Corresponding Author
Aula Marifah

Institutions
Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to identify opportunities and challenges of the Indonesian economy with halal food as a gastronomy Tourism strategy. This study is a qualitative study using secondary data. The study found that the majority of Muslim population in Indonesia is considered as the opportunities for increasing the Indonesian economy through halal food as gastronomy tourism strategy. Moreover, non-Muslims who consumed halal food are indicated by the content of halal food that are healthy, clean and completed with quality. Global market competitions are challenges to be faced by Indonesia in improving the country-s economy, not only local food to be considered as halal food in Indonesia, however, a variety of foods from other countries that have been certified as halal also found in Indonesia.

Keywords
Halal Food, Gastronomy Tourism Strategy, Indonesia Economy

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/9t2VanBycDjX


Indonesian Islamic university strategy in dealing with global markets
muhammad rofiq anwar, hadarah

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Corresponding Author
muhammad rofiq anwar

Institutions
IAIN Syaikh Abdurrahman Siddik Bangka Belitung

Abstract
Abstract Indonesia needs a skilled workforce with the demands of the world of work, which continues to compete in issuing new products that are more innovative and competitive. To answer these challenges, Indonesia is required to produce many high-quality human resources, both in terms of intellectual intelligence, work ethics, and mastery of technology. So researchers here are interested in researching at the Islamic University of Indonesia related to its strategy in dealing with the global market. The purpose of the research is to find out the Master of Law Program strategy of the Islamic University of Indonesia in facing the global market. This research is field research (field research) that is qualitative, taking the background of the Islamic University of Indonesia. The approach used is qualitative. The subjects of this study were the chair of the postgraduate law at the Islamic University of Indonesia, deputy chair of the postgraduate law at the Islamic University of Indonesia, lecturer at the postgraduate law at the Islamic University of Indonesia. While the object of his research is related to the Strategy of the Indonesian Islamic University in Facing the Global Market. Data collection finished by holding observations, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that the Strategy of the Indonesian Islamic University in dealing with the Global market had carried out well.

Keywords
Strategy, global markets

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/3tUnMDCVHFqa


Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility Towards Asset Optimization (Empirical Study of Sharia Commercial Banks in Indonesia for the Period of 2015-2017)
Dinda Fali Rifan (a*). Nur Wahyu Ningsih (b)

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Corresponding Author
Dinda Fali Rifan

Institutions
a) Islamic Economic and Business Faculty, UIN Raden Intan Lampung
Jalan Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung 35131, Indonesia
*dinda.falirifan[at]radenintan.ac.id
b) Islamic Economic and Business Faculty, UIN Raden Intan Lampung
Jalan Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung 35131, Indonesia

Abstract
Abstract. This study examines the effect of Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility (ICSR) disclosures on asset optimization as measured by Return on Assets (ROA). This relationship is examined based on Simple Linier Regression analysis of eleven Sharia Commercial Banks annual reports in Indonesian Stock Exchange in the period of 2015-2017. This study also provides evidences that Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility activities communicated in corporate annual reports are significantly related to the Return on Assets (ROA).

Keywords
Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility (ICSR), Return on Assets (ROA), Sharia Banks

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/prN63jcnFQLJ


PERCEPTION OF ENTREPRENEURS AND SMALL AND MEDIUM INDUSTRIES IN HOUSEHOLD PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND WASTE PROCESSING OF CHIPS CORN IN PROVINCE OF GORONTALO
Ani M. Hasan *, Amir Halid **, *** Ilato Rosman, Hasdiana Saleh ****

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Corresponding Author
Amir Halid

Institutions
Institute for Research and Community Service
Gorontalo State University

Abstract
The purpose of this study were: 1) Knowing the perception of small and medium enterprises industry players in Gorontalo Province. 2) Analyzing the Effect of perception or interest in the development of products cornflakes in Gorontalo Province. The research was conducted in two (2) District in the Province of Gorontalo Gorontalo Province and Pohuwato the start of the study period from April to June 2019 with a sample of 54 people. The results showed thatPerception or interest through institutional aspects IKM / Industrial RT, the introduction and training of IKM / Industrial RT and the capacity of SMEs / Industrial RT towards the development of chips and corn waste products based on the recapitulation are in both categories with a percentage value 80percent. Based on calculations that have been done by using multiple linear regression analysis was obtained that perception or interest simultaneously significant effect on the increase in the development of chips and corn waste products in Gorontalo Province. While partially the positive and significant impact that institutional IKM / Industrial RT, the introduction and training of IKM / Industrial RT and the capacity of SMEs / Industrial RT towards the development of chips and corn waste products in Gorontalo Province.

Keywords
Perception, Development of corn chips and waste.

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/YmjvBxHMbzaE


Philosophy Non-Muslim Consumer Loyalty At Sharia Banks In Labuha City Bacan
Syaifuddin, Hadarah

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Corresponding Author
Syaifuddin Syaifuddin

Institutions
IAIN Syaikh Abdurrahman Siddik Bangka Belitung

Abstract
Abstract The loyalty of non-Muslim consumers is important to study because Islamic banks are business institutions that must provide services for all consumers. Labuha Bacan is an area of religious conflict, so building economic harmony between religious communities is a separate point. Qualitative research methods with an approach to consumer behavior. Research results in the form of profiles of non-Muslim consumers. Non-Muslim consumers at the Islamic Bank in Labuha Bacan are loyal and loyal customers. The reason non-Muslim customers are loyal to Islamic banks is because of the values held by Islamic banks, the image of Islamic banks and good service. Loyalty is built because non-Muslim customers feel fasting with services, reliable products, friendly employees and adequate facilities. Consumer satisfaction and loyalty of non-Muslim consumers due to its affordable location, diversity of products, organized and flexible services, and clear and simple rules.

Keywords
Loyalty, Non-Muslim Consumers, Islamic Banks

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/xuVBWzTcvrby


REMUNERATION OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE (WORK SATISFACTION AND MOTIVATION AS A VARIABLE OF MEDIATION)
Hayatul Islam, Femei Purnamasari

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Corresponding Author
femei purnamasari

Institutions
UIN Raden Intan Lampung

Abstract
This study aims to find empirical evidence of the effect of remuneration on employee performance in the public sector at the Raden Intan Lampung State Islamic University with job satisfaction and motivation as mediating variables. This study uses the SEM-PLS data analysis method with a sample of 53 lecturer respondents and 47 tendant respondents using the purposive judgment sampling method. The results showed that remuneration had a positive influence on motivation and job satisfaction of both lecturers and students. The same thing also happens to the relationship between lecturer and tendency motivation towards performance, while the relationship between job satisfaction and performance has different results with lecturer and tendik, tendency of job satisfaction does not have a positive effect on performance. Interesting results also occur in the relationship between remuneration on performance.This study shows that remuneration does not affect the performance, both lecturer and student performance. Meanwhile mediation relations has the results that show motivation and job satisfaction of lecturers can mediate the relationship between remuneration and lecturer performance, and for tendik, it is found that motivation mediates the relationship between remuneration and tendency performance, but job satisfaction does not mediate.

Keywords
Remuneration, Motivation, Job Satisfaction, Employee Performance

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/tR8UdJcV3bnW


The Influence Of Percieved Risk Towards Consumers- Attitude At E-Commerce Transaction In Perspective Of Maqashid Asy-Syaria (A Study At State University Students In Lampung)
Mardhiyah Hayati and Mad Heri

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Corresponding Author
Mardhiyah Hayati

Institutions
UIN Raden Intan Lampung and STEBI Lampung

Abstract
In trading business, technology advance has created transaction method which was known with term e-commerce. Internet usage is not a new thing for university students; moreover many of them shop by internet. In fact, they have different perception towards perceived risk, so that the chosen attitude is various. The formulation of the problem in this research is how the influence of perceived risk towards consumers- attitude at e-commerce transaction of university students at State University in Lampung Province in perspective of maqashid asy-syaria? Research methodology conducted uses survey research design with quantitative research method, 60 respondents as sample from 6 State Universities in Lampung with Purposive sampling method; data collecting technique through questionnaire, data analysis technique is linier regression. The result of the research shows there is negative-significant influence between perceived risk towards consumers- attitude at e-commerce transaction of university students at State University in Lampung as -0,463, and in perspective of maqashid asy-syaria is fully improper yet, also there is still fraud done by seller, consumers often lack of awareness in getting need of life related to protection towards religion, soul, mind, property, and offspring, so that the concept of an Taraddin Minkum is often not reached.

Keywords
Consumers- Attitude, e-commerce Transaction, Perceived risk, Maqashid asy-syaria

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ZDC23ygRkAne


THE OPTIMIZATION QARDH FUNCTION BASED ON GRAMEEN-S BANK AND ZISWAF-S PRODUCTIVE AND THAT THE INFLUENCE TOWARDS INDONESIAN ISLAMIC BANKS PROFITABLITY
1. Heni Noviarita 2. Muhammad Kurniawan 3. Muhammad Syahid 4. Ahmad Khoirumam

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Corresponding Author
Heni Noviarita

Institutions
Faculty of Islamic Economics and Bussines. State Islamic University of Raden Intan Lampung

Abstract
Islamic banks carry out their activities with the principles of sharia, in which there are dual functions of the contract, such as tabarru and tijarah. However, recently the value of tabarru contract as qardh financing is smaller when compared to others. Similarly, the value of ziswaf is too little each year. The results indicated that independent variables GBR, and ZWF have significant effect on ROA. Partially, the effect of GBR on ROA is positive significant value of 0.0073 <0.05 and positive coefficient value of 3.7998. Then the influence of ZWF on ROA is negative and insignificant a significant value of 0.0624> 0.05 and the coefficient value of -3.3634. Based on the above determination coefficient 16.84% while the remaining 83.16% was explained by other variables not included in regression model equation.

Keywords
Keywords: Qardh Financing, Grameen Bank (GBR), Productive Ziswaf (ZWF), and Return on Assets (ROA).

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8X9qvC2QxTpe


The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the tax amnesty had a significant effect on the tax revenue of the state tax sector. This research was quantitative research. To collect the data and information obtained in this research, the researcher used secondary data from dashboard tax amnesty and APBN report per July 1, 2016 - March 31, 2017. This research used tax amnesty as independent variable and state revenue of tax sector as dependent variable. Data analysis was done by using simple linear regression analysis with eviews for Window Version 8. The result of this research indicated that tax amnesty had no significant effect to tax revenue of state in Indonesia
Deki Fermansyah (1), Mahda Henna (2), Sulistiyono (3)

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Corresponding Author
Deki Fermansyah

Institutions
State Islamic University Raden Intan Lampung

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the tax amnesty had a significant effect on the tax revenue of the state tax sector. This research was quantitative research. To collect the data and information obtained in this research, the researcher used secondary data from dashboard tax amnesty and APBN report per July 1, 2016 - March 31, 2017. This research used tax amnesty as independent variable and state revenue of tax sector as dependent variable. Data analysis was done by using simple linear regression analysis with eviews for Window Version 8. The result of this research indicated that tax amnesty had no significant effect to tax revenue of state in Indonesia

Keywords
Tax Amnesty and State Revenue Tax Sector

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/NjT3XYabJ2AV


THE RELEVANCE OF RISK SHARING FOR MODERN ECONOMIES
Putri Swastika, Tobibatussaadah

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Corresponding Author
Putri Swastika

Institutions
Postgraduate of IAIN Metro, Jalan Ki Hajar Dewantara 15a, Metro

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to confirm and demonstrate that risk sharing policy is practical and viable alternative to the conventional system. This study falls under the category of qualitative research with deductive historical approach is adopted to understand the nature of the study. Within this framework, statistical data, audio and printed materials provide the source for analysis. Hence, this study is an archival research, including inspection of documents held in libraries and on-line. This study found that in 1933-1935, Germany instrumentalized the principle of risk sharing to fund the Work-Creation Programs –a national agenda that successfully improved domestic labour market condition. There are two practical implications from the findings: First, the finding abrogates the current misconception that Islamic finance is difficult, impractical, and not viable. Second, for policy makers, the study laid out another urgency of why risk sharing principle should be adopted into economic policy.

Keywords
Risk sharing, Macroeconomic Policy, Economic History, Islamic Financial System, Germany 1933-1935

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/kz36EALX8PeY


THE ROLE OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY DEPARTMENT (DISPERINDAG) AS MUHTASIB IN TRADITIONAL MARKET SUPERVISION (FIELD STUDY IN BUNDER MARKET SRAGEN)
M. Fajar Pramono, Mulyono Jamal, intan muthoharoh

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Corresponding Author
intan muthoharoh

Institutions
universitas darussalam gontor

Abstract
In fulfilling needs, humans have many ways and ideas. However, as muslims, there are limits that regulate in doing muamalah, in order nobody feel lost and dominate another. Since ancient times, the market is known as a meeting place for sellers and buyers in making transactions. Which makes economic growth bigger in the market. Then the role of supervisor will has the big impact in stabilities of market activities inside it. This research aims to determine the role of the trade and industry department (disperindag) in overseeing traditional markets, so it is necessary to analyze and research several active players in the market such as traders, buyers and communities who live around the market. interviewing and retrieving documentation data from trade department. This study uses the type of qualitative research and type of research “case study”, because this research go on to the field and analyze the data in the real terms, so this research is necessary using the concept of comparing events that occur in the field, integrating categories and recognizing their characteristics, using sampling theory and data collection techniques using observation, interview and documentation techniques. Based on this research, it is known that the results of this study will show that the role of the trade department, if it is viewed from the main tasks and functions written in the law in the trade department-s documentation, it is gotten percentage of 60 percent has met the requirements as muhtasib and is considered sufficient to realize traditional market supervision. Derived from interview to the 6 staffs of trade department in the office, 10 sellers, 15 buyers and 10 persons who lived around Bunder Market Sragen, it consider that the trade department has not done yet its role as well as possible. For improving the function and role of trade department at Sragen, the researcher also went to the best market in supervising at Indonesia, it was trade department at purwokerto because they have made the good supervision at Manis Market at Purwokerto. And asking the advice and opinion of province trade department at semarang about the role of both (trade department of sragen and porwokerto).

Keywords
Trade Department, Muhtasib and Traditional Markets.

Topic
Economics and Islamic economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PAgCcrTExQbG


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