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Nirwan Syarif, Dedi Rohendi, M. Ridho Prayogo

Department of Chemistry Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Indonesia
National Center for Sustainable Transporatation Tech.
Bandung, Indonesia

Research Center of Excellence for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen
Universitas Sriwijaya
Palembang, Indonesia

Dept. Recausticizing
PT. OKI Pulp & Paper
Kayu Agung, Indonesia


The research of the development kerosene soot carbon particles and its application as electrode for lithium ion battery has been done. The carbon was prepared from kerosene by using thermal plasma pyrolisis and characterized by Boehm titration in order to determine the carbon functional group, point zero charge for surface charge and X-ray diffraction for crystalography. Carbon was mixed with polianilin to form anode and mixed with lithium, iron salts and phosphate to form LiFePO4 as cathode. Both electrodes were fabricated into lithium ion battery with Li2SO4 as electrolyte. The performance of battery was measured with the variaton of electrolyte concentration i e., 0.1 M, 0.5 M, and 1 M. Boehm titration result showed that the carbon has acid functional groups greater than base functional group as 6.90 mgeq. 4.80 of point zero charge pH was in acid condition. The crystalography of carbon as anode presented in diffractogram showed 2θ = 23.68 and 42.33 of diffraction peaks and indicated graphite crystal in the carbon. CV measurement reveal that the oxidation occurred at the peak of anode current, i e., 0.015 A for 0.3 V whereas the reduction occured at the -0.3 V and 0.007 A. A Galvanostatic charge discharge measurenment showed that The highest capacity is obtained in 0.52 mAh/g with a voltage of 0.71 Volts, which is the 500th cycle. The lowest capacity is obtained in only 0.15 mAh/g of 0.2 Volts, that is in cycle 1st

Keywords: electrode, kerosene, boehm titration, pH, pzc, voltammogram, diffractogram, LIB, galvanostatic

Topic: Battery Technology and Management System


Conference: The 6th International Conference on Electric Vehicular Technology (ICEVT 2019)

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Nirwan Syarif)

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