Interior quality of brown and black Japanese quail eggs from first generation (F1) raised individually cage M Cahyadi, P Fadilla, A K Wati, M Rifki, M N Syarifuddin, R Dewanti*
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Indonesia 57126
Crosses can increase productivity and have an effect on increasing the physical quality of eggs. This research was conducted to determine the interior quality of brown and black Japanese quail eggs from first generation (F1). One hundred Japanese quails were divided into four types of lines as treatments: Black 1 (L1), Brown 1 (B1), Black 2 (L2), and Brown 2 (B2). Each treatment consists of 25 quails as replication. Egg retrieval for interior quality testing when quail was 14 weeks old. Eggs were taken every day for three days then physical eggs are tested. Egg physical quality testing was carried out every day for three days. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The data observed in this study was yolk index, yolk color score, yolk weight, yolk high, albumen index, albumen weight, albumen high and haugh unit). In addition, the data was analyzed using analysis of variance, and pairwise differences among quail lines were conducted using Duncans multiple range test (DMRT). The results showed the albumen weight and yolk high was significantly different among lines (P<0.05) and four types of line was not significant (P>0.05) on the yolk index, yolk color score, yolk weight, albumen index, albumen high and haugh unit. It can be concluded that crosses of black quail male and brown females had the highest albumen weight and crossing of brown quail male and black females had the lowest yolk height.
Keywords: Brown quail, black quail, first generation, egg interior quality
Topic: Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science