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The 2nd International Conference on Food and Agriculture (ICoFA 2019)

Event starts on 2019.11.02 for 2 days in Bali

http://conference.polije.ac.id/icofa2019 | https://ifory.id/conf-abstract/BmFZvwR6N

Page 1 (data 1 to 30 of 179) | Displayed ini 30 data/page

Active Passive Thermoelectric System Helmet For Personal Comfort
Azamataufiq Budiprasojo, Risse Entikaria Rachmanita

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Corresponding Author
Azamataufiq Budiprasojo

Institutions
Engineering Department, State Polytechnic of Jember

Abstract
Helmet is a protective device whose safety standards are strictly certified. Unfortunately its high safety standards sacrifice user-s convenience when using it. Efforts to use air vent on the helmet is complained of still not enough. Thermoelectric modules offer solution that can be used to solve this problem. Thermoelectric models of lamps reduce temperature of surrounding environment when used as an electrical voltage. This research is commonly known as thermoelectric helmet. Perfecting the helmet design is an ongoing research step that needs to be done. Thermoelectric design focuses on how to make the hot side of thermoelectric able to release heat to the environment properly. If the hot side isn-t good at releasing heat, it will affect the temperature on the cold side which is a problem that must be prevented. Thermoelectric helmet that currently under investigation still uses a fan to remove heat from thermoelectric module. The disadvantage of thermoelectric helmets with cooling fans is they are heavy and not compact in size, as well as the fan also requires additional external power that consumes a lot of power. The utilization of fluid flow on a flat plate could theoretically be implemented in this case. Air flowing around the helmet when used driving has a high enough speed so it could theoretically be used to increase rate of heat transfer by convection. Supporting data, design and performance testing of helmet prototypes are the main issues to be examined in this study. Target of this research is to create a comfortable helmet by utilizing a thermoelectric module but in a compact and concise form.

Keywords
Thermoelectric; Active cooling; Helmet; Peltier

Topic
Renewable and Novel Energy Sources

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/t7RuTMxgh2jA


ALTITUDE OPTIMIZATION USING ULTRASONIC SENSORS OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR FOLIAR FERTILIZER
Faisal Lutfi Afriansyah, Fendik Eko Purnomo, Nurul Zainal Fanani, Ika Widiastuti,Niyalatul Muna

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Corresponding Author
Faisal Lutfi Afriansyah

Institutions
Department of Information Technology, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Indonesia

Abstract
Flights Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) really require altitude position. The altitude position of the UAV is used to measure the distance between the UAV when flying with ground. In UAV system are there are two modes of altitude position, absolute height and relative height. In previous research, precision farming uses unmanned aerial vehicles for foliar farming. The research has recommended the best spraying at an altitude of 1.5 meters of plants, but there are problems that UAVs are difficult to maintain a stable height of terrain in agricultural lands by plants. This research will optimize the height of UAV for foliar fertilizer using ultrasonic sensors. UAVs for foliar fertilizer use low flights because they have to be a few meters above the agricultural land. The ultrasonic sensor works well at a distance of 24 cm to 700 cm above the terrain, so it can be used as a sensor in the UAV for foliar fertilizer. The agricultural land used in this research is corn plant in politeknik negeri jember area. The process of this research is by building a UAV without carrying the load of foliar fertilizer. The results of altitude visualization graph show that experiments with ultrasonic sensors produce smoother graphs. Ultrasonic sensor data produces waves with a lot of noise, this can be caused by ultrasonic waves emitted bouncing with the leaves of corn plants.

Keywords
Altitude;Ultrasonic sensor;Unmanned aerial vehicle;Foliar fertilizer

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/4q2VPDAELYkH


Analysis of Fibrous Drink Production Formulation Analog Coffee Pulp
Rizal1), Tanti Kustiari2), Anna Mardiana3)

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Corresponding Author
Rizal Rizal

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
ABSTRACT Analog pulps beverage made from coffee is an innovative creative product developing potential coffee commodity in the city of Jember. PKM aims to foster the potential of youth entrepreneurs among students pursuing the creative economy business. Learn entrepreneurship in producing innovative and creative products, promoting new products, educating markets and learning to expand the market for creative products. It is hoped that students will gain entrepreneurial knowledge and skills which will one day be useful to help themselves open up employment opportunities and provide employment to the wider community. The priority of solving the problem are: (1) training on the production of pulverized pulps made from coffee. (2) procurement of analog coffee pulps making equipment. (3) training on design of analog grain pulp product packaging with coffee made from coffee, (4) training and education on marketing communication, (5) management assistance. These activities are in an effort to increase business capacity through product diversification so as to increase revenue from boarding schools and increase economic independence. The implementation phase of this activity is to conduct coordination and outreach to BUMP Sunan Ampel. The next step will be taken together to adjust the implementation team schedule with the activities of the student routine. Also discussed is the readiness to accept tools and allow adaptation of tool designs to suit the boarding school. Material preparation stage and location for business management training and education. The implementation team facilitates the making of brands that are attractive and easy for consumers to remember. The preparation phase determines the material for making social media to market new products, making packaging designs, determining packaging sizes. PKM activities are carried out in a participatory manner. BUMP members are involved and given roles for the smooth implementation of the program. The participation and activeness of youthpreneur students in the implementation of education, training in the adoption of coffee-based analog pulp technology can be achieved. Partners are also expected to be able to continuously produce analog grain pulverized beverages made from coffee that has been provided by the PKM team. The production of analog grains even though it refers to the results of research by PKM team members The composition is known to be the best results based on the results of the research, but it is necessary to adapt the coffee material as a basis for forming analog grain with a grain production equipment system that has just been ordered. The results of the trial of the production of analog coffee beans produced the best composition. The best composition results are the best results from 20 experiments in the Jember Polytechnic Food Processing laboratory involving students of Food Technology D4. The best treatment results obtained composition of algin

Keywords
Coffee, Fibrous drinks, Alginates, CaCl2

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/G4keWvqnyR3Z


Analysis of Heat Transfer Evaporation Process for Making Ants Sugar Made from Fresh Raw Neera
Rizza Wijaya (a), Budi Hariono (b*), Febryan Kusuma Wisnu (c)

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Corresponding Author
Rizza Wijaya

Institutions
a) Department of Agricultural Technology, Politeknik Negeri Jember
*Corresponding author: budihariono1966[at]gmail.com
b) Department of Agriculture Engineering, University of Lampung

Abstract
Ant sugar is a powdered version of brown sugar and is often referred to as crystal sugar. It is called ant sugar because the shape of this sugar resembles that of ants nesting on the ground. The basic ingredients for making ant sugar are palm juice from coconut and palm trees (palm). In this study, the maximum temperature regulation is 140 oC and the pressure is 2 atm. The materials used in this study were coconut and sugar cane juice produced by farmers in Kokap Wates, Kulon Progo Regency. In the manufacture of ant sugar in the evaporation process the temperature of the material increases with increasing winding temperature and over time. In the process of fresh neera evaporation, the value of heat transfer coefficient ranges between 20-22 (W / m2.oC). This shows that when the initial cooking for this concentration is needed more than 20 Watts to heat the material by 1 oC for an area of ​​1 m2 of material. The value of heat transfer coefficient of turmeric neera beetween 17 - 25 (W / m2.oC).

Keywords
Ant Sugar; Evaporation; Heat Transfer

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ejn8Gu7cfYCP


ANALYSIS OF ISO 9001:2015 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION ON ROBUSTA COFFEE PROCESSING UNITS IN JEMBER REGENCY
Ridwan Iskandar, Rizal, Nur Halimah

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Corresponding Author
Ridwan Iskandar

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
The Indonesian plantation sector is being spurred to produce quality products, among them Robusta coffee with good prospects. One of Robusta coffee suppliers in Indonesia is Jember Regency, however, the main problem faced by Robusta coffee exports from Indonesia is often considered to be of poor quality. The quality of Indonesian robusta coffee has the opportunity to be improved, through efforts to improve the quality of the production process, so that in the end it will improve product quality and market share. The most important effort in improving the quality of the production process is the application of a system that has certainty and is recognized by many countries, namely ISO 9001: 2015. The implementation of ISO ensures consistency in quality and standardizes best practice. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which the ISO 9001: 2015 clause has been applied, then make improvements so that the ISO 9001: 2015 clause can be applied, and set priorities for the application of the ISO 9001: 2015 clause in robusta coffee processing. The selected respondents were managers of the Coffee and Cocoa Research Center, PTPN XII Renteng, and Koperasi Serba Usaha (KSU) Buah Ketakasi Sidomulyo. The method used was a survey and interview method using a questionnaire. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique. Data analysis to determine the priority of the implementation of the ISO 9001: 2015 quality management system in the Robusta Coffee Processing Unit in Jember Regency uses the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The analysis shows that the Robusta Coffee Processing Unit of Jember Regency already has many clauses in the Strong category, which is 3 clauses from 7 existing clauses. However, there are still important parts of the agribusiness quality system that do not meet ISO standards or even none at all. This can be overcome by applying improvements to elements that are still weak under the guidance and services of ISO 9001: 2015 training specialists and consultants. ISO 9001: 2015 clauses prioritized to be applied are Leadership clauses with a weighting value of 0.259, then successive Organizational Contexts (0.244), Supporters (0.178), Operations (0.122), Planning (0.095), Increases (0.095), Increases (0.095) 0.053) and Performance Evaluation (0.049). Continual improvement is needed for clauses that have low priority.

Keywords
Robusta Coffee; Processing Unit; ISO 9001:2015; Strong category; Analytical Hierarchy Process

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/drUuW3B2Xwkj


Analysis Postioning Map and Competitiveness of KUB Chicken based Farmer-s Perception in Jember Regency
Ujang Suryadi1, Muksin1 and Estin Roso Pristiwaningsih2

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Corresponding Author
Ujang Suryadi

Institutions
1)Dosen Pascasarjana Politeknik Negeri Jember
2)Mahasiswa Pascasarjana Politeknik Negeri Jember
e-mail: 1)usurpoltek[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
The purpose of research was nalysis of KUB position compared by joper, male layer, broiler, and arab. The research had done in twenty subdistrict, Jember Regency. Research method was used by snowball sampling. Data analysis for knowing KUB position compared by joper, male layer, broiler, and arab was Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) based yang product quality(X1) dan business eficiency (X2). Knowing cometitivenes used PAM matrix. The resul of analysis showed the comodity had similiraty by KUB was joper. Postioning map showed joper had near position with KUB. Result of coefficient competitiveness PAM matrix showed KUB had highest coefficient than joper and arab but lower than broiler and male layer.

Keywords
positioning map, presepsiperception, farmers, competitiveness, Jember

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XgCKGHMRbudr


Android based Electronic Health Record Disaster Management
Mochammad Choirur Roziqin Dony Setiawan Hendyca Putra

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Corresponding Author
Mochammad Choirur Roziqin

Institutions
politeknik negeri jember

Abstract
Natural disasters occur suddenly and nothing is scheduled so when natural disasters occur everyone panics. The number of victims who fell made the officers experienced higher demands than usual, especially the victim evacuation officer. Dealing with victims of natural disasters is not like handling non-disaster cases, in dealing with disaster victims the officers will be in a hurry because of sudden high workloads, demands for speed of service with increased risk levels, demands for accuracy of easily accessible victim data, demands for speed in finding victim services disaster makes the conventional process of recording natural disaster victims unable to run effectively. This research is a product-based qualitative research namely Android-based Electronic Health Record Disaster Management.

Keywords
disaster, management, victim, android

Topic
Others (Related to food and agriculture)

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KGcUDfPTCwzQ


Antihyperglycemic Activities of Fermented Milk Enriched with Gembili (Dioscorea esculenta)
Ria Dewi Andriani (1*), Premy Puspitawati Rahayu (1), and Mulia Winirsya Apriliyani (1)

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Corresponding Author
Ria Dewi Andriani

Institutions
1. Animal Product Technology Department, Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya
Jl. Veteran, Malang, 65145, East Java, Indonesia
Corresponding author: riaandriani[at]ub.ac.id

Abstract
Gembili is one variety of local tubers originating in Indonesia, where its utilization is not in its most use. This tuber has bioactive compounds such as dioscorin, diosgenin, inulin and water-soluble polysaccharides that function as immunomodulators, including those which prevents metabolic diseases such as hyperglycaemia. The addition of gembili tubers in fermented milk has more value and is an alternative nutraceutical food for people who need a healthy diet because it contains probiotics and bioactive components. This study aims to determine the antihyperglycemic activity of fermented milk enriched with gembili flour in animal models. Probiotics contained in fermented milk are Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Streptococcus thermophilus. The experimental animals used in this study are healthy male white rats, not deformed, and had never been used in previous experiments. The animals in experiment were grouped into five treatment groups namely P1= negative control, P2= positive control, P3= 1 ml/rat/day of fermented milk with the addition of gembili tubers, P4= 2 ml/rat/day of fermented milk with the addition of gembili tubers, and P5= 3 ml/rat/day of fermented milk with the addition of gembili tubers (P5). The results of this study prove that the addition of fermented milk enriched with gembili showed significant results (p<0.05) on the decrease in blood sugar levels with the highest decrease of 43.59% in the P5 group.

Keywords
Fermented milk, Gembili, Antihyperglycemic

Topic
Food Science and Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/RZmEV2QML3Nu


Antioxidant activity and Total Phenolic Contents of Bread Enriched with Pumpkin Flour
Agung Wahyono (a*), Anggareta Citra Dewi (a), Silvia Oktavia (a), Siti Jamilah (b), Woo-Won Kang (c)

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Corresponding Author
Agung Wahyono

Institutions
a) Food Engineering Study Program, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jl. Mastrip PO Box 164, Jember 68121, Indonesia
b) Agricultural Engineering Study Program, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jl. Mastrip PO Box 164, Jember 68121, Indonesia
c) Department of Food and Food Service Industry, Kyungpook National University, 2559, Gyeongsangdaero,
Sangju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 37224, Korea

Abstract
Pumpkin is abundantly available in Indonesia and well known to contain high dietary fiber, β-carotene and phenolic compounds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pumpkin flour enrichment to the antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of bread. Breads were made by partially replacing of wheat flour with pumpkin flour at the level of 5% to 20%. The results showed that pumpkin flour significantly (P<0.05) enhanced antioxidant activity of enriched bread measured by DPPH and ABTS. The highest antioxidant activity was observed in bread with enrichment of 20% of pumpkin flour. At highest values, antioxidant activity were 76,59% (DPPH) and 81,74% (ABTS). Total phenolic contents of enriched bread were also significantly affected by increased level of pumpkin flour. The highest total phenolic content (5,39 mg GAE/g) was observed in bread with enrichment of 20% pumpkin flour compared to that of control bread (1,38 mg GAE/g). Thus, we concluded that pumpkin flour can be employed to enhanced antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in bread.

Keywords
Antioxidant activity; Bread; Pumpkin flour; Phenolic content

Topic
Food Science and Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PMzmcBVgaQtv


Application Legume Compost with Bio-Activator Trichoderma sp as Inorganic Fertilizer Substitution in Sweet Corn (Zea mays L. Saccharata) Cultivation
Tri Rini Kusparwanti (a*), Eliyatiningsih (a), Rudi Wardana (a)

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Corresponding Author
Tri Rini Kusparwanti

Institutions
a) Agriculture Production Department, Politeknik Negeri Jember
*tri_rini[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
Legume litter can be used as compost with the help of bio-activator Trichoderma sp. as a decomposing microorganism. Legume compost can function as a source of organic fertilizer for plants and can reduce the use of inorganic fertilizers.This study aims to determine the best dose combination using inorganic fertilizer balanced with legume compost fertilizer. The study used non factorial randomized block design with 5 levels of treatment that were control, legume compost 20 ton/ha + 100% inorganic fertilizer, legume compost 30 ton/ha + 75% inorganic fertilizer, legume compost 40 ton/ha + 50% inorganic fertilizer, and legume compost 50 ton/ha + 25% inorganic fertilizer. Based on Anova test showed that the application of various combinations of inorganic fertilizer (Urea, SP-36, KCl) and legume compost had significant effect on the age of 2 WAP, 4 WAP and 5 WAP on the parameters of plant height, significant to the parameters cob weight, and had no significant effect on the sweetness level of sweet corn.

Keywords
Legume; Trichoderma; Fertilizer

Topic
Organic Agriculture

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/nUGxX3Yj9cWg


APPLICATION OF AUTOMATIC HATCHING MACHINE TECHNOLOGY IN SOLO DUCK BREEDERS COMMUNITY AT BALET BARU VILLAGE SUKOWONO DISTRICT – JEMBER RESIDENCE
Mochammad Nuruddin, Ujang Suryadi

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Corresponding Author
Mochammad Nuruddin

Institutions
Poiteknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
The purpose of this community service activity is to help the group of duck breeders in the Balet Baru Village, Sukowono, Jember. This livestock group is engaged in the business of raising laying ducks and broiler ducks. Existing breeders in this group have difficulty in obtaining quality ducklings. To overcome this there is one breeder who has tried to produce their own ducklings with good quality. However, for its development there are constraints, namely the limitations of the hatching machine that is owned, other than that its management is still not organized. The target to be achieved in this activity is the breeders are able to produce quality duck seedlings, breeders have one duck-hatching unit, and the formation of better management. The method used is to make a 750-hatch automatic hatching machine, a viewing device, and an automatic incubator.

Keywords
duck, cage, hatchery, livestock

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hftWCw9axAzd


APPLICATION OF AUTOMATIC HATCHING MACHINE TECHNOLOGY IN SOLO DUCK CATTLE COMMUNITY AT DESA BALET BARU, KECAMATAN SUKOWONO - KABUPATEN JEMBER
Mochammad Nuruddin, Ujang Suryadi

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Corresponding Author
Mochammad Nuruddin

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
The demand for duck meat and egg in Jember district is quite high. This must be balanced with the production of high ducklings as well. Solo duck cattle community in Balet Baru Village, Sukowono Subdistrict, Jember District is engaged in the business of hatching both laying and broiler duck. In this business traditional hatching machines are still used and have a small capacity. The solution to the problem faced is to implement an automatic hatching machine that has high hatchability and production capacity. The results obtained from this activity are a technology package in the form of an automatic setter machine, a candling box, and an automatic hatcher machine. The setter and hatcher machine is equipped with an automatic control system and has a maximum capacity of 1200 eggs, while for the observation box has a maximum capacity of 49 eggs. In the setter machine is also equipped with a reversing lever to flatten the heat coming from incandescent lamps and heaters. The test results that hatchability for this machine is 82.6% with hatching time for 28 days. The partner of this community service is pleased with the technology applied in the area and hoping that his business is growing much better.

Keywords
Duck, Setter, Candling, Hatching

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/tmbuYg8Zzq4v


APPLICATION OF DIGITAL MARKETING IN BAMBOO CRAFTS BUSINESS IN JEMBER DISTRICT (CASE STUDY ON KUB ANDRIKA JAYA AND KUB IDA JAYA)
Sumadi(a*), Didiek Hermanuadi(b), Rediyanto Putra(c)

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Corresponding Author
Sumadi Sumadi

Institutions
a) Public Sector Accounting Program Study, Politeknik Negeri Jember
Jl. Mastrip PO BOX 164 Jember, East Java, Indonesia

b) Food Engineering Technology Program Study, Politeknik Negeri Jember
Jl. Mastrip PO BOX 164 Jember, East Java, Indonesia

c) Accounting Departement, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
Jl. Ketintang No. 2 Surabaya City, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract
The application of digital marketing to the craftsmen of bamboo businesses in Jember Regency is carried out to advance the bamboo handicraft business so that its products can be recognized by various people in all places. KUB Andrika Jaya and Ida Jaya are bamboo craftsmen who have long started their businesses in Jember Regency since 20 years ago. The application of digital marketing uses website facilities provided by WordPress. The application of digital marketing begins with making e-mail on Gmail for each business actor and then proceed with creating a website on WordPress. Website created on WordPress is a website that is free so that businesses are not burdened by annual fees that must be paid. This website will provide information about the business description, products sold, and how to order in full. Provision of such information is expected to provide information that can make customers / prospective customers aware of the existing bamboo craft business.

Keywords
Bamboo Business; Digital Marketing; Website

Topic
Others (Related to food and agriculture)

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JzXkFEMtVN4W


APPLICATION of NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY TO DETERMINE SUGARCANE QUALITY in CORE SAMPLER SYSTEM
Risvan Kuswurjanto, Triantarti and Opal Priya Wening

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Corresponding Author
Risvan Kuswurjanto

Institutions
Indonesian Sugar Research Institute
Jl. Pahlawan 25 Pasuruan 67126

Abstract
Sugarcane quality was evaluated using Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in two sugar factory for payment system. The samples were collected from core sampler system. The parameter of cane quality analysis were brix in cane (BIC), pol in cane (PIC) and fiber in cane. The target of this study was to develop and improve model calibration of NIR for cane quality. NIR reflectance spectra ranging from 1100 – 2500 nm were collected to evaluate the sugarcane quality of shredded cane. The conventional method to determine cane quality was using Wet Disintegrator method based on ICUMSA GS5/7-1 (2011). SX-plus software from Buchi was used as data treatment and model development. The NIR results was evaluate from high correlation coefficient (r2), low standard calibration (SEC) and high ratio of prediction to deviation (RPD). The accuracies of NIR analysis for PIC were satisfactory with coefficient of correlation (R2) above 0,9 both for calibration and prediction. The accuracies of BIC and fiber remained at unsatisfactory level with coefficient of correlation (R2) below 0,9. The NIR instrument could be use to determine pol in cane for cane payment system purposes.

Keywords
Near Infrared, cane quality, pol in cane, cane payment system

Topic
Others (Related to food and agriculture)

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/9nhQrP2HVgMB


Application of RTU Media for Biosafety of Mie Lethek, Indonesian Bendo-Cassava Noodles, Based on Chromogenic Agar
Nurhayati Nurhayati (a*), Maria Belgis (a), Enny Suswati (b), Ummi Purwandari (c)

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Corresponding Author
Nurhayati Nurhayati

Institutions
a)Department of Agricultural Product Technology – Faculty of Agricultural Technology – University of Jember, East-Java, Indonesia
Jl. Kalimantan No. 37 FTP UNEJ Jember 68121
*) nurhayati.ftp[at]unej.ac.id
b)Faculty of Medicine - University of Jember, East-Java, Indonesia
Jl. Kalimantan No. 37 FTP UNEJ Jember 68121
c)Department of Agricultural Industry Technology, Faculty of Agricultural – University of Trunojoyo, Madura, Indonesia
Jl. Raya Telang, Kecamatan Kamal, Bangkalan, Madura 69162 Indonesia

Abstract
Detection of microbial contamination by plating methods, especially coliform bacteria and other pathogens, many still use conventional methods and take about 7 days to find out the results. RTU media is one of the selective media to determine microbes more quickly based on the color of the colonies on the agar media. This study applied the use of RTU media (ready to use) for determination of biosafety of cassava product i.e Mi Lethek. Mi Letheg or Mi Lethek, is one of the culinary noodles originating from Bendo, Srandakan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, made from cassava starch and cassava flour. Production of Lethek noodles is still using the traditional machinery and equipments. The noodle is a murky brown color and less attractive (not white or bright like general noodles), without using chemical dyes or preservatives, but dry Lethek noodles can be preserved until more durable three months. Biosafety analysis was performed on dried Lethek noodles. The presence of enteric bacteria is known by the presence of blue colonies for Eschericia coli and purple/magenta for Salmonella. 10 g of dried Lethek noodles was dissolved into a physiological solution and continued with dilution up to 106, and 1 ml of sample was placed in a sterile petri dish then plated with RTU media (35oC) and incubated at 37oC for 24 hours. The results showed that microbial contamination in dried Lethek noodles was less than 105 cfu/g. Contamination of enteric bacteria was less than 102 cfu/10g. Indonesian standart (SNI) of dried noodles was 106 cfu/g for total of microbial and 10 cfu/g for enteric bacteria (E. coli). Although Lethek quality is still in SNI quality standards, but need efforts to improve the process like advanced technology of the machinery processing.

Keywords
chromogenic agar; enteric bacteria; Eschericia coli; RTU; Salmonella

Topic
Food Safety

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/RJ6z9h73FuxT


Better health with plant oligosaccharides: trends and future
Rosma Ahmad

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Corresponding Author
Rosma Ahmad

Institutions
Bioprocess Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains
Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia

Abstract
Oligosaccharides are a group of sugar polymers with degree of polymerisation of 2 to 10 monosaccharides linked by glycosidic bonds. Oligosaccharides are grouped according to their monomer components and linkages; fructooligosaccharides, maltooligosaccharides, xylooligosaccharides, galactooligosaccharides and etc. Plant oligosaccharides are found naturally in some fruits and vegetables but certain oligosaccharides such as xylooligosaccharides can be industrially manufactured from agricultural byproducts. Oligosaccharides that cannot be digested by human digestive system but selectively fermented in the colon had been proven to be a prebiotic ingredient. The addition of prebiotic oligosaccharides to food enhances functional properties beneficial for the body including bowel function, calcium absorption and lipid metabolism, prevention of dental caries, protection against cardiovascular disease and decrease in the risk of colon cancer due to the formation of short-chain fatty acids. The global xylooligosaccharides market is valued at 88.09 million USD in 2016 and is expected to reach 119.62 million USD by the end of 2022. Due to global demand of xylooligosaccharides and availability of agricultural byproducts from oil palm plantation and palm oil industry, Malaysia and Indonesia should play important role as manufacturers of xylooligosaccharides.

Keywords
digestive, health, oligosaccharides, plant, prebiotic,

Topic
Food Science and Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AJYLMnBCcumz


BISCUIT ORGANOLEPTIC TEST OF DRAGON FRUIT (HYLOCEREUS POLYRHIZUS) AND MORINGA LEAVES FOR ANEMIA
Efri Tri Ardianto (a*), Yani Subaktilah (b), Agatha Widiyawati (c), Alinea Dwi Elisanti (d)

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Corresponding Author
Efri Tri Ardianto

Institutions
a) Medical Record of Program Study, Health Departement, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Mastrip Street 164, Indonesia
b) Food Industry Technology of Program Study, Agricultural Technology Departement, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Mastrip Street 164, Indonesia
c) Clinical Nutrition of Program Study, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Mastrip Street 164, Indonesia
d) Clinical Nutrition of Program Study, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Mastrip Street 164, Indonesia

Abstract
Anemia becomes an unsolved nutritional problem, the prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls increased continuously. Anemia in adolescents at 2018 reached 48.9%. The high prevalence of anemia is caused by: chronic blood loss, insufficient iron intake, inadequate absorption, consumed some drugs that inhibit iron absorption, increased need for iron. There have been many studies on processed food products and drinks made from fruits and vegetables, one of become a trend since 2009 is dragon fruit (hylocereus polyrhizus). In addition to dragon fruit, Moringa leaves one vegetable has a fairly complex nutritional content, one of is iron. Although there are many formulas of dragon fruit, but the study of fortification of dragon fruit with moringa leaves has never been done. The addition of moringa leaves extract will affect the aroma, taste, color, texture, so it is necessary to find the appropriate composition of dragon fruit skimmed addition and moringa leaves extract. So organoleptic testing will determine the acceptance of dragon fruit and moringa leaves fortification products. Organoleptic test using completely randomized design (CRD), with a total of 4 treatments. Data analyzed non-parametric using Kruskall Wallis and Mann Whitney tests with alpha 0.05. Results showed the fortification of 10% hylocereus polyrhizus and 5% Moringa leaves are the best and most preferred formula.

Keywords
Biscuit, Organoleptic, Dragon Fruit, Moringa Leaves, Anemia

Topic
Others (Related to food and agriculture)

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KBYayU6VtZdG


Body mass index and its correlation to biomarker signs of metabolic syndrome
Puspito Arum(a*), Dhyani Ayu Perwiraningrum(b), Agustina Endah Werdiharini(c),

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Corresponding Author
Puspito Arum

Institutions
Clinical Nutrition, Health Departement, Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
Metabolic syndrome is one of risk factor of non-communicable disease, such coronary heart disease (CHD) and Diabetes mellitus (DM). Metabolic syndrome characterised by appearance minimum 3 of these symptoms: high blood pressure, low HDL-cholesterol level, high LDL-cholesterol level, high triglyseride level, high fasting glucose level, high waist-hip ratio. Metabolic syndrome is often related to obesity. Adolescent with obesity has higher risk to be suffering from metabolic syndrome and have degenerative disease. This research aimed to identify correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and some biomarkes signs of metabolic syndrome in adolescences. This was an observational research conducted in Junior High School in Jember. Twenty three Junior High School students were participated as subjects in this research. They were conducted in measurement of BMI/Age, and biomarkes signs (HDL-cholesterol level, LDL-cholesterol level, triglyseride level, and fasting glucose level) measured by laboratory. Prevalence of overweight in male and female adolescents are 13.3% and 18.4% respectively. Prevalence of obesity in male and female adolescents are 11.2% and 7.2% respectively. There is correlation between BMI and HDL-cholesterol level (p=0.043), but there are no correlation between BMI and other three biomarker : LDL-cholesterol level (p=0.380), triglyseride level (p=0.253), and fasting glucose level (p=0.253).

Keywords
Metabolic Syndrom, Body Mass Index (BMI), Biomarkes signs

Topic
Others (Related to food and agriculture)

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wJjCeLaEkM63


BROILER PERFORMANCE WITH ADDITIONAL SINBIOTICS
Agung Adi Candra, Yadi Priabudiman, dan Riko Noviadi

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Corresponding Author
Agung Adi Candra

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Lampung, Saekarno Hatta No 10 Rajabasa Bandar Lampung

Abstract
There are many ways to improve the performance and productivity of broiler chickens In animal husbandry. One method that is often used is by giving antibiotics into feed or livestock rations. Antibiotics given to chickens aim to reduce harmful microorganisms in the digestive tract of chickens. The use of antibiotics in the long run if consumed continuously will cause residues in the consumers body and this is very dangerous for those who consume them. Antibiotics are used to improve meat and egg production. a combination of probiotics and prebiotics aims at nutritional therapy and maintaining digestive health, to increase the digestibility of foods that contain a lot of crude fiber, eliminate the smell of ammonia in feces, increase the immune system, help increase growth and productivity, compete against pathogenic bacteria that harm and improve quality feed by increasing protein levels. The purpose of this study was to analyze the maintenance of broiler chickens using synbiotics. The study used broiler DOC with a total of 200 animals obtained from the Bandar Lampung which was maintained in two maintenance cages, each containing 100 chickens. The first partition without using Sinbiotik (control) and the second bulkhead using synbiotics mixed into drinking water. The results of the study showed that giving sinbotik had an impact especially on broiler performance with consumption of 1.522 g / head ration, Weight gain 1,152.1 g / head, FCR 1.32 and 0% mortality, and ration efficiency of 75%

Keywords
Performance, Broiler, sinbiotik

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/LYHRweAMECgr


BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT FRESHWATER FISH FARMING IN JEMBER REGENCY
Andi Muhammad Ismail (a*) Financia Mayasari (b)

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Corresponding Author
Andi Muhammad Ismail

Institutions
(a) Agro-industry Management Study Program, Agribusiness Management Departement, State Polytechnic of Jember
Jalan Mastrip Po Box 168, Jember, Indonesia
*andi_m_ismail[at]polije.ac.id
(b) Agro-industry Management Study Program, Agribusiness Management Departement, State Polytechnic of Jember
Jalan Mastrip Po Box 168, Jember, Indonesia

Abstract
Agroindustry product is one of very potencies product to develop and to make modern market commodity to increase their business. Fisheries is one of prominent sector in Jember District. Fisheries Agroindustry includes freshwater fisheries and seawater fisheries. Freshwater fisheries are a fisheries agro-industries which widely cultivated in Umbul Sari sub-district. Freshwater fisheries will be developed because have various problems experienced in the agro-industry fisheries farming process, that started from a production process, from the product include product low quality and skills and knowledge from ownership, funding and marketing, technological limitations and no freshwater fisheries group yet. The objective of this research is 1) To identify the model and strategy development of freshwater fisheries agroindustry. 2) Analyze the added value of the fish catch if processed further; and 3) to analyze the socio-economic factors that affect the chances of developing agro-industries based freshwater fisheries in sub-district Umbul Sari Jember. Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) and External Factor Evaluation (EFE) methods were used in this research to analyze both internal and external factors. Alternative strategies for business expansion were explained with Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) method and further analyzed by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The conclusions of this research are: (1.) Development of freshwater fisheries agro-industries is positive, where the driving factors are more dominant than the restraining factors. (2.) Development of freshwater fisheries agro-industries can be done in the implementation of the government, farmer, stakeholders are cooperating well, develop good facilities and infrastructure for improving the quality of freshwater fisheries such as freshwater fisheries farmer cooperation, development of Freshwater Fisheries Farmer Forum, and repair of facilities, and increase human resources in this case are farmers of freshwater fisheries.

Keywords
business strategies; freshwater fish farming; Agro industrial

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/va3eUXMjY7PJ


Business Feasibility Analysis of Agricultural Equipment and Machinery Rental Services Unit (UPJA) in Rogojampi Sub-district of Banyuwangi Regency
Linda Ekadewi Widyatami (a*), Cholyubi Yusuf (b), Ardhitya Alam Wiguna (b)

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Corresponding Author
Linda Ekadewi Widyatami

Institutions
a) Agribusiness Management Department, State Polytechnic of Jember
Mastrip Street Po Box 164 Jember
* lindaeka[at]polije.ac.id
b) Agribusiness Management Department, State Polytechnic of Jember
Mastrip Street Po Box 164 Jember

Abstract
Agricultural Equipment and Machinery Rental Services Unit/Unit Pelayanan Jasa Alat dan Mesin Pertanian (UPJA) Tani Makmur Gapoktan Surangganti in Rogojampi Sub-district of Banyuwangi classified as the developing UPJA. One of the superiority that they have is a newly developed agricultural machine in Indonesia, it is a grain seeder that comes from government assistance in 2018. This study aims to analyze the business feasibility of Agricultural Equipment and Machinery Rental Service Unit in terms of technical aspects, management aspects, and financial aspects. Financial feasibility analysis included the analysis of Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C ratio), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), and Payback Period (PP). Technical aspects study shows that the agricultural equipment and machinery owned by UPJA Tani Makmur consist of: combine harvester, hand tractor, grain seeder, and transplanter that comes from the government assistance. Management aspect shows that UPJA Tani Makmur have an organizational structure, lead by Manager of UPJA, who have some staffs consist of administrative staff, technicians, and operators staff. Based on the financial feasibility analysis result included NPV, Net B/C ratio, IRR, and PP indicators, UPJA Tani Makmur is unfeasible to be implemented.

Keywords
Feasibility Analysis, UPJA

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ftKR7jupWcAU


Can Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Quantify The Quality of Fishmeal Circulating in Jember, Indonesia?
Suci Wulandari1, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar1*, and Suluh Nusantoro1

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Corresponding Author
Suci Wulandari

Institutions
1Study Program of Livestock Production, Department of Animal Husbandry, Politeknik Negeri Jember (State Polytechnic of Jember), Jl. Mastrip PO BOX 164, Jember, East Java, Indonesia

*E-mail: mahiseta[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
The objectives of this study were to determine the range of nutrient content of fishmeal circulating in Jember Regency, East Java, and making a calibration standard that can be used for quickly calculation using NIRS by R2 and RMSECV. This study used 11 fishmeal samples that were taken from around Puger, Jember and around Muncar, Banyuwangi. The parameters were physical analysis included organoleptic tests (color, odor, and texture), density determination without compacting, and chemical analysis of fishmeal samples. It was intended to compare the data from chemical analysis with the FT-NIRS method. The data of chemical analysis were used for calibration stage due to the chemical analysis had been carried out at the beginning before the NIRS analysis. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results of observations indicated that the nutrient content of fishmeal had greatly variation. The CP content presented a quite high ranged between 26.61% to 64.30%. The results of the organoleptic test showed the color was yellowish brown, brown, slightly brown to dark brown. The flavor of fishmeal was generally standard, which was fishy. Some fishmeal samples were moist in texture, such as fishmeal sample from Jember A (22.03%) and Muncar Banyuwangi B (19.65%). The average of fishmeal density was 0.528 g/ml that ranged between 0.341-0.726 g/ml. The measurement of R2 and RMSECV calibration of fishmeal circulating in Jember using NIRS showed good results to predict CF, DM, and EE contents. However, the lower CP value was caused by the non-uniform particle size and the presence of other ingredients in the fishmeal with a sufficiently varied amount. The usage of NIRS technology was recommended for proximate analysis unless ash content due to the absence of spectrum absorption for minerals. The infrared on NIRS vibrates the functional group that was an organic component in the samples.

Keywords
Proximate Analysis; Protein; NIRS; Fish Meal

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AnNrdFLCHJQX


Cavendish Banana Seedling Acclimatization and Enlargement on Some Media Planting Combinations
Ferziana (1), Lisa Erfa (2) , Desi Maulida (3), Yuriansyah (4)

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Corresponding Author
Ferziana ferziana

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Abstract
Growing media is one of the important factors that determine the success of the acclimatization of plantlets from in vitro culture. Several media combinations were tried in this study with the aim of 1) Knowing the effect of media combinations on the success of plantlet acclimatization and seedling growth at the enlargement stage, 2) Getting the best media combination for the successful acclimation and enlargement of banana seedlings, and 3) Seeing the possible use of media husk in acclimatization and enlargement of banana seedlings as a result of tissue culture. The study was conducted at the Lampung State Polytechnic net home from May to August 2019. The research was carried out in a Randomized Block Design. Six media combinations were tried, namely: P1: Topsoil + Husk (1: 1); P2: Top Soil + husk (1: 2); P3: Topsoil + husk charcoal (1: 1); P4: Topsoil + Husk charcoal (1: 2); P5: Top Soil + compost (1: 1); P6: Topsoil + compost (1: 2). In acclimatization (planting until the plantlet is 4 weeks old) each treatment planted 30 plantlets, each with 5 replications, while on the enlargement of the seeds each treatment was tried with 15 replications. Observed variables included: Seed height, leaf width, number of leaves, and wet weight. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and continued with the BNJ test at a 5% level. The results showed: 1) the combination treatment of media had no effect on the percentage of plantlets that grew, and the growth of the number of seedling leaves at the enlargement stage, but markedly affected the growth of seedling height, leaf width, and seedling wet weight, 2) the best combination of media for success plantlet acclimatization and seedling growth rate (seedling height and wet weight) at the enlargement stage are P5 media (Topsoil + 1: 1 compost), then followed by P6 media (Topsoil + Compost 1: 2), and 3). Use of husk media for additional acclimatization media, it can still be used with the success rate of plantlets still reaching 70%, but it is not good to be used at the stage of seedling enlargement until it is ready for planting into the field.

Keywords
acclimatization, cavendish banana, seedling

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/DzrFnj9ce2EU


Celery (Apium Graveolens L.) Extraction as the Inhibition of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Broilers
Yuli Frita Nuningtyas, Halim Natsir, Osfar Sjofjan, Irfan H.Djunaidi

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Corresponding Author
Yuli Frita Nuningtyas

Institutions
Lecturer Animal Nutrition, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
The aims of the research was to determine the ability of the inhibition bioactive compounds on celery as a pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Clostidium perfrinens were found in broiler digestive tracts. The stages of the study were the determinated of celery plants, phytochemical content test in celery extraction and inhibitory test on Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Clostidium perfrinens with P0 concentration: negative control (aquades), P1: positive control (5 µg / ml amoxicilin), P2: 2,5 mg / ml celery extraction, P3: 5 mg / ml celery extract, and P4: 10 mg / ml celery extract. The variables observed were the inhibition zone diameter using the disc method. The data obtained is tabulated with the Microsoft Excel program, then analyzed using a completely randomized design (CRD) where the significantly differences will be analyzed using Duncans analysis. Based on the results study showed that the results of plant determination were celery (Apium gravolens, Linn). The addition of celery extract with a concentration of 10 mg / ml showed a higher inhibitory power compared to the use of antibiotics against salmonella and E coli bacteria.

Keywords
Clostridium perfringens, extraction, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, celery

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JmrLPC42bEAq


CHARACTERISTICS PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL OF YELLOW PUMKIN (Cucurbita moschata) TRADITIONAL STEAMED CAKE (BOLU KUKUS) WITH SUBSTITUTION AND FERMENTATION DURATION VARIATION
Anna Mardiana Handayani, Mulia Winirsya Apriliyanti, Supriyadi, Refa Firgiyanto, Dewi Mukaromah

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Corresponding Author
Anna Mardiana Handayani

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract
Pumpkin is one of fruit in Indonesia that has contain many nutrition such as antioksidan (betacaroten), carbohidrat, minerals, proteins and fat. The utilization of yellow pumpkin is limited to food. One of the diversification products was traditional steamed cake (bolu kukus). The aim of the research was to know the effect of yellow pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) substitution and fermentation duration variations on the characteristics physical and chemically of steamed pumpkin cake. Methods of research were randomised block design which consists of two factors. The first factor was the of yellow pumpkin substitution variations (25 % w / w of the total flour, 50 % w / w of the total flour, and 75 % w / w of the total flour) and the second factor was the fermentation time variations (1.5, 2 and 2.5 hours).The results showed that steamed pumpkin cake were contain water content about 31.09% - 54.52%, ash content about 0.81% - 1.23%, protein content about 4.41% - 7.87%, fat content 0.26% - 0.52%, carbohirate content 40.73% - 59.99% and the percentage of the expansion volume about 46,35% and 184,59%.

Keywords
yellow pumpkin, traditional steamed cake, chemical, physical

Topic
Food Science and Technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Mrcm7N38Cutq


Consumer-s Preference On Batik Pattern And Quality In Increasing The Purchase Decision Of Jember Batik Product
O J Anggraeni (a), D Kurniawati (a)

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Corresponding Author
Oktanita Jaya Anggraeni

Institutions
(a) Department of Agribusiness Management
Politeknik Negeri Jember
Jember 68101
Indonesia
Email : oktanita[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
Jember batik has its own characteristics than any other batik. The charm of Jember batik is its color harmony which differentiates Jember batik from the other batik. Consumer-s purchase decision in purchasing a product and the production result of a company are inseparable. Consumer-s purchase decision is the decision in purchasing the most desirable brand than any other available alternatives, however there are two factors between the purchase intention and purchase decision. The first factor is other person-s attitude and the second is situational factor. This study aims to determine the influence of batik pattern and quality on consumer preference to increase the purchase decision of Jember batik product. This study used the Chi Square analysis method. The result showed that the value of Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) in the Pearson test of Chi Square was 0,001 and 0,000. Those were less than 0,05 which means batik pattern and quality influence the consumer-s preference and are able to increase the batik product purchase decision. It can be used as the basis to determine the strategy of Jember batik product development.

Keywords
Preference, Decisions, Purchase

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/82g7bB6krcGT


Cost Analysis And Business Income Of Sheep Feed Production (Case Study In CV, Gumukmas Multifarm Jember)
Y Suryana (a*), U Suryadi (b), Iswahyono (c), R Iskandar (d)

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Corresponding Author
YANA SURYANA

Institutions
a) Agriculture Technology Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
Jalan Mastrip Po Box 164 Jember – Indonesia
b) Animal Husbandry Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
c) Agriculture Technology Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
d) Agrybisnis Manajemen Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
*Email: yanapolije62[at]gmail.com

Abstract
ABSTRACT To keep the feed availability on the export quota of sheep, the company of Gumukmas Multifarm wich is at Desa Purwoasri Kecamatan Gumukmas Kabupaten Jember, will be increasing the capacity of the sheep feed production from 1-2 tons per day to 5 tons per day. The sheep feed will be marketed 0.5 tons for himself, 1 ton for co-orporation, and the rest for farmers around Jember. To realized the planning, the company want to do cost analysis and business income to know how this project is feasible or no. To do that, Gumukmas Multifarm was buy 3 machine are diskmill, hammer mill and horizontal mixer. This study aims to determine income and business efficiency in the production of sheep feed. This research use descriptive and analytical methods. Collecting data in this study derived from primary data and secondary data. The results showed that the production of sheep feed profitable and efficient to be developed based on the analysis of income and the value of RC ratio. The income was IDR 630.140,- and RC-ratio was 1.23

Keywords
Sheep feed, income, RC-ratio

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/7Lmd6bNzaAtH


Decision Support System For Selecting Strategy Of Agroindustry Development Based On "Tape" In Bondowoso Regency
Didiek Hermanuadi (a*), Aulia Brilliantina (a), Elok Kurnia Novita Sari (a)

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Corresponding Author
Didiek Hermanuadi

Institutions
Department of Agricultural Technology, State Polytechnic of Jember Mastrip Street
PO BOX 164 Jember, Indonesia

Abstract
The strategy selection of agroindustry development based on “tape” in Bondowoso Regency is a complex problem, this is caused by several alternative decisions that must be chosen, even though each alternative contains several criteria that must be assessed based on its priorities. This alternative selection is based on a SWOT analysis of agroindustry development basef on Tape in bondowoso regency. The development of agroindustry based on tape is faced with complex and uncertain situations, so that decision makers have difficulty in determining decisions. Decision makers usually use intuition and subjectivity only. Fuzzy-Analytic Hierarchy Process (Fuzzy AHP) approach is one method that can answer this problem. This method can guide decision makers to make an assessment of each criterion and alternative. The criteria used in this study are (S) = Strengths, (W) = Weaknesses, (O) = Oppurtunities, (T) = Treats.

Keywords
Fuzzy; AHP; SWOT; Bondowoso Regency

Topic
Agroindustry and Agribusiness

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Tz7Ae8w34UyX


Demand for animal food in the rural and urban of Maluku, Indonesia
Lia Rohmatul Maula1, Ratya Anindita2, Titis Surya Maha Rianti1, Anugrah Rizki , Nikmatul Khoiriyah1,

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Corresponding Author
Nikmatul Khoiriyah

Institutions
1Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Islam Malang, Malang, Indonesia
2Department of Socio Economic, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Protein deficiency has a permanent and long-term effect, which is a decrease in intelligence, abnormal growth, and stunting. Maluku is the province with the lowest protein consumption in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of price, income, and demographic factors on animal protein food demand, using the Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System approach. The research data used 2016 Susenas data of 4,811 households. The results showed that an increase in animal food prices by one percent decreased demand for eggs, chicken, beef, fish and milk, respectively, by 0.452%, 2,024%, 4,382%, 2,507%, and 0.969%. The most elastic beef was followed by chicken, fish, milk, and eggs with income elasticities of 3,928%, 2,278%, 1,752%, 1,456%, and 0.562%, respectively. All animal foods are luxury items, except eggs are normal goods. In urban areas, beef, fish and fresh milk are complementary, whereas in rural areas all animal foods are substitutes. To meet protein consumption, the Maluku government needs to maintain stable animal food prices

Keywords
food demand system, high price, protein, Maluku, Indonesia

Topic
Food Safety

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/64DJL3nE7eRf


DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNG COCONUT SKIN MACHINERY TO SUPPORT FRESH MARKETING OF FRESH YOUNG COCONUTS IN THE STATE AND EXPORT
Anang Supriadi Saleh, Supriyono, Yana Suryana, Agus Santoso, Ansarullah,Gufron Ainur Refaldi

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Corresponding Author
Anang Supriadi Saleh

Institutions
State Polytechnic of Jember

Abstract
The research aims to make the design of a young coconut leather peeler machine to support the marketing of fresh young coconuts domestically and exports. This research is an appropriate technology to help people in young coconut marketing activities sold in the form of fresh or export. This prototype was made simple to be portable and reasonably priced, but the capacity was great and the quality of the results was better. The design approach for designing the machine is using methods compiled by Gerhardt Pahl and Wolfgang Beitz, so that the design approach is based on a functional design approach and Structural design approaches. The design stages of this machine include designing and manufacturing of tools, laboratory tests, and field tests. The result of this research is the product of young coconut leather peeling machine to support the marketing of fresh young coconut in the country and export, which is ergonomic, affordable, and ready to be applied, has a working capacity of 80 pieces/hour, the results are more neat and symmetrical compared to manual way.

Keywords
design, machine, peeler, young coconut skin, efficient

Topic
Agriculture Engineering and Biotechnology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BERhFvDK4Gea


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