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Abstract Topic: Economics, Social and Business

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Added Value Analysis of Coconut Agroindustry in The Inter-Country Border Area in Bengkalis District
Djaimi Bakce, Almasdi Syahza, Brilliant Asmit, Tia Sofiani Napitupulu

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Corresponding Author
Djaimi Bakce

Institutions
Institute of Research and Community Services Universitas Riau
Kampus Bina Widya Jl. HR. Soebrantas Km. 12.5 Panam, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia

Abstract
There are a number of potential agroindustry products to be developed in the border area between countries in Bengkalis Regency, one of which is coconut. The development of coconut agroindustry is important because most people depend their lives on coconut farming. In connection with efforts to increase community economic development, the problem faced is the suboptimal utilization of industrial technology in increasing added value, and the suboptimal role of economic facilities and infrastructure in supporting the production, processing and marketing processes in Bengkalis Regency. This study aims to analyze the added value of coconut agroindustry products. Value added analysis using the Hayami Method. There are three coconut agroindustry products developed, namely copra, dried grated coconut, and coconut shell charcoal. The highest added value of coconut agroindustry products is coconut shell charcoal for IDR. 3,165.79/kg, then dried grated coconut is IDR. 1,057.86/kg, and copra IDR. 243.36/kg. In order to increase the added value of coconut agroindustry products, technology transfer is needed to increase the quantity and quality, as well as variations in coconut agroindustry products. In the process of technology transfer, it is necessary to optimize industrial technology and supporting infrastructure for the economy.

Keywords
Coconut Agroindustry; Added Value; Inter-Country Border Area

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/m9K6MHFXZVp8


Agribusiness Management Model Facing Industry 4.0
Maftuh Kafiya, Bargumono

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Corresponding Author
Maftuh Kafiya

Institutions
UPN Veteran Yogyakarta

Abstract
Facing Industry 4.0, agribusiness management must follow the modern operation suited to the situations as well as the fast changes and dynamics of the new era. Agribusiness products generally are perishable and short-lived. Special treatments are needed to preserve quality, quantity, and continuity. The role of agribusiness is to manage agricultural products starting from on farming, harvesting, post-harvesting, processing to marketing and other activities related to agriculture. This study aims to understand the agribusiness management model in each agribusiness subsystem under the challenge of Industry 4.0. The method used is literature review about that subject. Agriculture in Industry 4.0 is to maximize the technological application and to integrate it with the internet and network. Internet of things and network which is to integrate all aspects of agricultural activities so it can be managed systematically and makes humans- activities simpler and easier. New input, adoption, modification, innovation, and product diversification will secure products- consistency for consumers that in turn, will ensure the production continuation itself. All kinds of management models are tailored for agribusiness products that are responsive to fast change, effective, and efficient in the Industry 4.0 era become consumers- prerequisites to fulfill their life needs.

Keywords
agribusiness, internet of things, network, technology

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/2BvNQHF8mEPg


AN ANALYSIS ON ECOTOURISM POTENTIAL AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE MERAPI MOUNTAIN SLOPES AREA (A Study in Kalitalang and Deles Indah Tourism Objects, Kemalang District, Klaten Regency)
Siti Hamidah, Purwanto and Sutanto

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Corresponding Author
Siti Hamidah

Institutions
Faculty of Agriculture, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta

Abstract
Ecotourism developed in conservation areas is a "Green and Fair" ecotourism for the benefit of the sustainable development and conservation, which is a business activity that is aimed to provide sustainable economic alternatives for the people in the protected areas. The purpose of this research is to examine the potency of the Natural Resources and Socio-Culture for the development of ecotourism of the southern slope of Mount Merapi, especially in Kemalang District, Klaten Regency. The research method used is descriptive and its implementation uses case studies at Kalitalang and Deles Indah Tourism Objects . The respondents of this research are the Officials / Heads /Chairpersons of the agencies which are related to this research (Mount Merapi National Park Office, Regional Disaster Management Agency, Youth and Sports Culture Tourism Office, District, Village, and Tourism Awareness Group). The other respondents are the visitors of Kalitalang and Deles Indah Tourism Objects who could be met and were willing to be interviewed for the past two months. The data needed is primary and secondary data, which are collected by means of Interviews, Observation and Documentation. The data analysis uses a descriptive analysis. The results showed that the (1) Natural Resource Potency in the form of a beautiful natural scenery (Merapi volcano, forest, valley) is very interesting to visit and for photo spots; (2). Tourism Awareness Group (PokDarWis) has been formed as the manager of Kalitalang and Deles Tourism Objects; (3) Local Cultural Activities are as the attractions and they have been routinely carried out; (4) Facilities, such as Parking Areas, Toilets, Mushollas, Homestay and Trash, have been built; (5) Food and Beverage Products, Typical Handicrafts are worthy of sale, (6) Guidance from the Mount Merapi National Park Office, Regional Disaster Management Agency, Youth and Sports Culture Tourism Office, District and Village Government has been established; (7) Visitors have begun to increase in 2019 because they have been promoted on line, and the location directions are quite informative; and (8) need so further investigation for its development strategy must be carried out, because most of visitors have not satisfied and want to be better good for the facilities, there are any obstacles and risks.

Keywords
Ecotourism, Potency and Development, Natural Resources, Social, Cultural, Mount Merapi Slopes

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/fvLkJQHmjgyU


Analysis of Clove Agro-Industry Potency as an Alternative Green Industry in Indonesia
Antik Suprihanti

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Corresponding Author
Antik Suprihanti

Institutions
Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract
Indonesia is one of the major clove producers in the world. The majority of clove used as the main ingredient of clove cigarette (kretek) industry. The decreasing trend of clove cigarettes demands caused alternative industries development besides the clove cigarette industry are needed. The purposes of this paper are to analyze policies related to Indonesian cloves, analyze the development of alternative clove industries and their challenges as a green industry in the future. This research is a literature study. Government policies related to the clove industry are still focused on efforts to fulfill cloves for the cigarettes industry and have not yet led to the development of other cloves industry besides cigarettes industry. This has led to the development of other manufacturing industries such as essential oil as a potential export commodity that has not received serious attention from the government. The development of cloves agro-industry is expected to not only encourage the development of green industry, increase export values but also improve the welfare of farmers.

Keywords
clove, agro-industry, policy

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/tjGF9PYkRndc


Comparison of organic and conventional paddy farming: study in two villages in Malang district, Indonesia
Robert Wiliater Sibarani, SP., MMA,. M.Sc. (a*), Prof. Dr. Buncha Somboonsuke (b)

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Corresponding Author
Robert Wiliater Sibarani

Institutions
(a) Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
* robertsibarani[at]yahoo.com
(b) Department of Agricultural Development, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand

Abstract
Abstract As resource of living for the farmers, farming activities must being the sustainable livelihoods. Practicing organic farming is the way that can be chosen to realize the sustainable livelihood. However, the practicing of organic farming in Indonesia was only 0.6 % (208,042 hectares) in 2017. The orientation of conventional farmers to achieve more profit from their farming activities is the issue to increase the conversion from practicing conventional to organic farming. The objective of this study is to analyze the profit earned in conventional and organic paddy farming where the analysis is based on the cost of paddy production (variable, fixed, and total cost), the total of paddy production, and the selling result of paddy. Two village in Lawang district, namely Sumber Ngepoh and Mulyoarjo, are chosen as study field. There are 32 organic paddy farmers from farmer group of Sumber Makmur 1 and 34 conventional paddy farmers from farmer group of Mulyo 2, who are as respondents and interviewed. The independent t-test is used to analysis the different of profit earned by respondents between both villages. The statistical test of the means shows that the mean for variable cost and total cost of farmer group of Mulyo 2 is 18 and 15 percent respectively less than farmer group of Sumber Makmur 1. And, the mean of the fixed cost, the production, the selling price, the selling result and the profit of farmer group of Sumber Makmur 1 are 104, 185, 8, 211, and 843 percent respectively more than farmer group of Mulyo 2. It is concluded that practicing organic paddy in Sumber Ngepoh village is more profit compared to practicing conventional paddy in Mulyoarjo. This conclusion can be basic for farmers in Mulyoarjo village to convert from practicing conventional paddy to practicing organic paddy by objective to get similar benefits as gotten by farmers in Sumber Ngepoh village.

Keywords
Sustainable livelihoods, Organic farming, Conventional farming, Profit

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PbnjrKJ9yN7p


COMPETENCE OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN IMPLEMENTING PALM OIL REPLANTING IN ROKAN HULU REGENCY
Rosnita*, Syaiful Hadi, Novia Dewi, Roza Yulida, Yulia Andriani, Eri Sayamar

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Corresponding Author
Rosnita Rakuni

Institutions
* ) Fakultas Pertanian, Kampus Bina Widya Km. 12,5. Simpang Baru Pekanbaru (28293)
Telp. (07610) 63270 – Hp. 085278047062
Email: rosnitamag[at]lecturer.unri.ac.id

Abstract
ABSTRACT Competence of palm oil farmers in global trading competition depends on implementing 4 of 7 ISPO standards that was set by the government. The aims of this research were to : 1) Studying the Role of farmer-s extension in guiding the farmers to implement the standards, and 2) Analysing farmer competence in implementing standards set by the government. This research used survey method held from January to June 2019. Multi stage approcah was used in site selection (district and village). Sampling respondent consist of 91 palm oil farmers came from 3 villages representative. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (percentage, and Likerts scale). Result of this research showed that farmer profile was dominated by male with high school education, had 4 family members, Javanese who have 10-20 years farming experience, and had farming as the main livelihood. It has an impact on less capable of small holder farmers in fulfilling the 4 standards (legality of land ownership, farmers organization and farm managememt, enviromental management, and developing a sustainable agribusiness). The goverment was expected to sinergize with farmers and private sectors (coorporation) in improving farmers empowerment and independence during palm oil management according to the set up standards so that the farmers could compete globally. Keywords : palm oil, ISPO, competence

Keywords
palm oil, ISPO, competence

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/mATJaPFWrfRZ


FARMERS ADOPTION ON WATERMELON CULTIVATION IN COASTAL AREAS PURWOREJO DISTRICT, CENTRAL JAVA
Arta Kusumaningrum and Fitri Rahmawati

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Corresponding Author
Arta Kusumaningrum

Institutions
Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo

Abstract
This research was conducted in Purworejo Regency. The title of research is farmers adoption of watermelon cultivation in coastal areas, Purworejo Regency. Total respondents are 60 people in the Grabag Subdistrict, Ngombol Subdistrict, and Purwodadi Subdistrict. The technique sampling are using purposive sampling. The purpose of this research are 1. To determine the characteristics of farmers on watermelon cultivation in coastal areas, Purworejo Regency. 2. To determine the farmer adoption on watermelon cultivation in coastal areas, Purworejo Regency. The results of the research are the farmer characteristics on watermelon cultivation in the coastal areas, Purworejo Regency that are the age of a farmer in the sandy areas, Purworejo Regency is a productive age, farmer education level in the coastal area, Purworejo Regency is a junior high school, farmer experience level about 3-16 yrs, the land cultivation of watermelon farmer in coastal areas about 5000 m2, the status of the ownership of the land is rented, the technique cultivation of watermelon is easy, and the infrastructure facilities for watermelon cultivation in the coastal areas, Purworejo District is easy. 2. The farmers adoption on watermelon cultivation in the coastal area Purworejo District is low.

Keywords
Adoption, Watermelon, Sandy Areas, Purworejo District, Central Java

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/TbEfaDRKWqdX


Feasibility Analysis of Organic Mangos Business (Case Study at Castro Thomas Farm Camiling, Tarlac, Philippines)
Alfonsus Bima Yogaradityo (a), Dwi Aulia Puspitaningrum (b), Heni Handri Utami (c)

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Corresponding Author
Alfonsus Bima Yogaradityo

Institutions
Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta, Jl. SWK 104, Condong Catur, Depok, Sleman, D.I Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract
Castro Thomas Farm is a farm located in Camiling, Tarlac, Philippines. Castro Thomas Farm has a unique organic mango commodity and can be sold to various groups. When running a business there must be an obstacles encounter, researchers conducted a Business Feasibility Analysis on Castro Thomas Farms estate. This study aims to determine the feasibility of the business in terms of revenue and income, followed with B/C Ratio analysis. The method of data collection is done by observation, interviews, documentation studies, and questionnaires. Data sources used are primary data and secondary data. Data analysis techniques through qualitative and quantitative approaches, qualitative data needed for non-financial aspects, and quantitative for financial. The results of this research is the B/C Ratio of Castro Thomas Farm is below 1, which means the business is not feasible enough yet.

Keywords
Business Feasibility, Mangos, Organic, Philippines.

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/EaPDhXMwCLNx


FORECASTING OF CHILI PRICES IN THE SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA BASED PRICES ON HARGA PANGAN APPLICATIONS (ARIMA APPROACH)
Liana Fatma Leslie Pratiwi*, Ali Hasyim Al Rosyid

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Corresponding Author
Liana Fatma Leslie Pratiwi

Institutions
Agribusiness Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta
*lianafatmaleslie[at]upnyk.ac.id

Abstract
The price of chili has characteristics that are unstable and fluctuating, this causes stakeholders difficulty in making decisions about the price of chili. The scarcity of chili production causes demand to increase so that the price of chili also rises. Information is needed regarding the predicted fluctuations in chili price trends so that market demand for chili can be known. The purpose of this research is to create a model and predicted the price of large red chili and curly red chili. This research was conducted using time series data price of large red chili and curly red chili during 40 periods starting from July 2016 up to October 2019 to predict of large price red chili and curly red chili for 12 the next periods began November 2019 and ended on October 2020. The data was obtained from Harga Pangan PIHPS (Pusat Informasi Harga Pangan Strategis) National Bank Indonesia application using the price of chili in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The results of the forecasting model using ARIMA shows that the price of large red chili and curly red chili for 12 periods has increased gradually and forecasting results close to the actual data.

Keywords
ARIMA, Chili prices, forecasting, Yogyakarta

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/M2LbKEw38PDn


MARKET DRIVEN STRATEGY INENSURING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE PEOPLES PLANTATIONIN KAMPAR REGENCY RIAU
Shorea Khaswarina and Prof. Sucherly

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Corresponding Author
shorea khaswarina khaswarina

Institutions
Padjadjaran of University

Abstract
Market driven strategy as a defense mechanism to anticipate changes from their business environment. And they must also create a best-oriented strategy to formulate a suitable competitive strategy, especially in peoples rubber plantations. This article uses a literature review to develop a theory and proposition about (a) The relationship between the market strategy and marketing strategy, (b) The relationship between the market strategy and customer value, (c) The relationship between the marketing strategy With marketing mix strategy, (d) The relationship between marketing mix strategy with customer value, (e) The relationship between marketing strategy with customer value, (f) The relationship between customer value with competitive advantage, (g) The relationship between competitive Advantage with Marketing Performance.The results show that there is a link between variables by achieving competitive advantage in the peoples rubber plantations.

Keywords
Market driven strategy, competitive advantage, marketing performance

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/mtjvDVud9nyK


Marketing Strategy Analysis of Turmeric Tea Products (Case Study at Food Processing Center of Tarlac Agricultural University, Malacampa, Camiling, Tarlac, Philippines)
Maria Erika Kristy (a*), Budiarto (b), Dwi Aulia Puspitaningrum (c)

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Corresponding Author
Maria Erika Kristy

Institutions
Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture,
Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Yogyakarta,
Jl. SWK 104 Condong Catur, Depok, Sleman, D.I Yogyakarta, Indonesia
mariaerika4198[at]gmail.com

Abstract
This study aims to (1) Analyze external and internal factors related to the marketing of Turmeric Tea products, (2) To find out the Food Processing Centers position in the market and the main strategies that can be applied by the Food Processing Center at Tarlac Agricultural University, Philippines in marketing its products, especially Turmeric Tea products. The technique for determining the source is non-probability sampling. Resource persons in this study are employees and stakeholders related to the Nutri Tea products and Turmeric Tea products. The research method used in this research is a case study. Data sources used are primary data and secondary data. Data collection techniques are using observation, interviews, documentation and recording, and questionnaires. Data analysis technique is using the SWOT method. The results of the analysis of the IFE (Internal Factor Evaluation) matrix obtained values 2,480 which shows that the company has internal conditions below average. Analysis of the EFE (External Factor) obtained a value of 2,575 which indicates that the company has a moderate ability (on average) in responding to opportunities owned and overcome the threats faced. The combination of IFE and EFE values can be seen that the companys position is in cell V in the IE (Internal External) matrix, which is the position maintain and maintain (hold and maintain). Strategies that can be applied by companies is market penetration and product development.

Keywords
Marketing Strategy, SWOT

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JTG6RBzrXYUx


MSEs (Micro and Small Entreprises) Development Strategy With Using the SWOT Method and Analytical Hierarcy Process (AHP) Methods (Case Study At Tarlac Agriculture University (TAU) Mushroom Production, Malacampa, Tarlac Province, Phillipine)
Yasid Al Ridho (a) , Dwi Aulia Puspitaningrum (b), Heni Handri Utami (c)

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Corresponding Author
Yasid Al Ridho

Institutions
School of Agribusiness, UPN veteran yogyakarta, Jl. SWK 104, Condong catur, Depok, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
yasidalridho32[at]gmail.com

Abstract
This study discusses about the business development strategies, which in this study were conducted at Tarlac Agriculture University (TAU) Mushroom Production. The aims of this research is to study the appropriate business development strategies in determining a business competitive strategy with using the SWOT analysis methods and than making strategic decisions that are appropriate for the TAU Mushroom with using AHP. This research used a quantitative approach methods to the type of descriptive research that uses SWOT analysis and AHP as an analysis tool. Based on the results of a SWOT analysis of internal and external factors in the TAU Mushroom Production, an alternative strategy was chosen for the development of the TAU Mushroom Production is the SO (Strength Opportunity) strategy, as a strategy that maximizes business power to take advantage of opportunities. The results of the formulation the strategy from the SWOT analysis are then determined by using AHP priorities, so based on the results of the analysis, the priority of the TAU Mushroom Productions business development strategy is (1) proposing to stakeholders not only to provide capital assistance but also training to Improve Workforce Capability in using current technology, such as the use of technology in financial systems, etc. with a weight (0.353) (2) Establish cooperation with business partners, not only in the field of training, but also in cooperation in the field of production and marketing with a weight (0.223), (3) Doing product innovation, in order to expand the marketing reach of products with weights (0.216) and (4) Improving the Quality of Fungi produced, by switching to using appropriate technologies or shifting to semi-modren with weights (0.208)

Keywords
Business Development Strategy, MSEs, Business Competitiveness, SWOT, AHP

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XKz7hTenvGMy


Readiness of Duck E-Commerce Implementation (e-Siatik) with Technology Acceptance Model
Suci Nur Utami(a*), Nur Ariesanto Ramdhan(b), Sudi Nurtini(c), Suci Paramitasari Syahlani(d)

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Corresponding Author
Suci Nur Utami

Institutions
a)Agribusiness, Muhadi Setiabudi University
Jln. P. Diponegoro KM 2, Pesantunan, Wanasari, Brebes 52252 Indonesia
*id.sucinurutami[at]gmail.com
b)Informatics Engineering, Muhadi Setiabudi University
Jln. P. Diponegoro KM 2, Pesantunan, Wanasari, Brebes 52252 Indonesia
c,d)Animal Socio-Economic Studies Program, Gadjah Mada University
Jl. Fauna No.03, Karang Gayam, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia

Abstract
E-Commerce has a huge role in the current era of the 4.0 Industrial Revolution, but still few business actors are able to adopt an e-commerce system. E-commerce e-Siatik with domain www.ternakitik.com has been created as a container for both duck farmers and SMEs of salted egg to conduct digital buy and sell transactions. This research aims to test the readiness of e-commerce implementation (e-Siatik) for duck farmers as well as SMEs of salted egg in Brebes Regency using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) approach. The variables used are perceived usefullness, perceived easy to use, computer self efficacy, attitude towards using, and intention to use. Sampling is done using the convenience sampling technique. Data analysis by adopting the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) approach and statistical tests using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) techniques. The results of the test indicated that perceived usefullness affect on the attitude towards using and intention to use, computer self efficacy affect on the perceived ease of use and perceived usefullness, attitude towards affect on the intention to use, as well as intention to use affect on the actual usage.

Keywords
Readiness, Duck e-commerce, E-siatik, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Q9rNY6qe8F4P


READINESS OF SOYBEAN IN TIDAL LAND FACING THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY 4.0
Fachrur Rozi

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Corresponding Author
Fachrur Rozi Rozi

Institutions
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi (Balitkabi)

Abstract
The potential of sub-optimal land that is tidal land is very wide estimated at 20.13 million ha, spread of in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Papua and Sulawesi, and 9.53 million ha suitable for agriculture. The tidal land is very important resource in order to meet national food needs in line with an increase in population and the rate of conversion of paddy fields, especially in Java. Agriculture aspect cannot possibly meet the needs of a growing population without technology. How is the readiness with the condition of our food, especially our domestic soybeans, facing the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 The Ministry of Agriculture continues to make breakthrough policies and programs to transform traditional agriculture into modern and improve the quality of human resources. Efforts of utilize and optimize tidal land as an area of soybean production development are expected to support the sustainability of national food. This paper presents the contribution of tidal land use to support food sustainability and its strategy from the aspect for the national soybean commodity. If mapped, the position of soybean agro-industry strength in tidal land is in quadrant II, Where, the business area is facing various threats, although the condition of this business still has strength from an internal influence. The threat from external (environmental) factors from the development of soybean commodity is the flood of imported soybeans which are always a competitor to local (domestic) soybeans, so that the comparative advantages of local soybeans is low. And other threats are limited soil fertility in tidal land. There are four strategies, namely: (1) Provision of permanent soybean planting areas; (2) Soil amelioration actions; (3) Increasing national soybean competitiveness; and (4) technology dissemination and promotion of domestic soybean use. Implementation of the strategy is to apply a model of corporate-based soybean agro-industry area. By using this agro-industry model the opportunities for modern agricultural technology use can be implemented.

Keywords
Readiness, Soybean, tidal land, industry 4.0

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/c6hNK4XMvTbU


Strategy for Developing Siem Citrus Commodities In Kerinci Regency, Jambi Province
Suandi (a*), Ernawati HD (a*), and Ira Wahyuni (a*)

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Corresponding Author
Ir. Suandi, M.Si

Institutions
(a*) Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Jambi University

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to analyze the income and strategy for developing siem citrus commodities. The study was conducted in Kerinci Regency by selecting two districts, namely: Keliling Danau District, and Bukit Kerman District. The research was conducted from June to November 2018. Research data sources are primary data and secondary data. The number of respondents was 180 households. Data were test by descriptive and SWOT analysis. The results showed that the average income of siem citrus farming was very high, reaching Rp. 74,100,053.00 per year or as much as Rp. 6,175,004.00 per month. Results of the SWOT analysis, the score of internal and external factors are positive so that the best strategy to improve the developing siem citrus commodities is the aggressive strategy. The strategy of developing siem citrus commodities is to maintain the quality of products and soil fertility by utilizing market opportunities and partner cooperation in the procurement of seeds and marketing of produce.

Keywords
Agressive; Income; Siem citrus; Strategy; SWOT.

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KXrxek426udw


STUDY OF FARMING ANALYSIS FOR FIVE NEW GOGO RICE VARIETIES IN SUB-OPTIMAL AREAS IN AGROTECHNO PARK (ATP) AREA GUNUNGKIDUL, YOGYAKARTA
Sugeng Widodo1), Bambang Sutaryo1), Sukristyonubowo2), Damasus Riyanto1) and Sutardi1)

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Corresponding Author
Sugeng Widodo

Institutions
1)Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Yogyakarta
Jalan Stadion Maguwoharjo No. 22, Wedomartani, Sleman, Yogyakarta Email: wsugeng5[at]gmail.com No. Hp. 0813 2681 9977
2) Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development , Soil Research
Institute, Tentara Pelajar Street no. 12 Bogor; Telp: +6281226277259

Abstract
Analysis of farming business analysis for five new high yielding varieties of upland rice in sub-optimal areas in Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta using Inpago 5, Inpago 8, Inpago 10 Inpari 42 Agrarian GSR, Inpari 43 Agrarian GSR was conducted in the Kary Farmers Group Makaryo, Nglanggeran, Patuk, Gunungkidul , Yogyakarta from February 2018 to June 2018. Five teen days seedlings with one seedling per hill was planted in tajarwo 4: 1, spaced of 25 x 12.5 x 50 cm, with 256,000 plant populations. The plot size was 2000 m2. Data were analyzed using t test. The productivity of superior rice varieties of Inpari 42 Agrarian GSR, Inpago 10 and Inpari 43 Agrarian GSR were higher than Inpago 5, Inpago 8 and Ciherang rice varieties. The five new superior varieties were feasible to be developed in Gunungkidul dry land with B/C ratio was 2.02 for Inpari 43, for Agrarian GSR was 2.90 and for Inpari was 42, respectively. Whereas, for the Ciherang rice varity, as a popular variety, only gave B/C ratio of 1.88. The highest incremental B/C ratio to Ciherang (%) was achieved by Inpari 42 GSR (54.25%), followed by Inpago 10 (47.34%), Inpago 5 (44.15%), Inpago 8 (40.42 %) and Inpari 43 GSR (7.45%), respectively. In the future, the superior varieties of Inpari 42 Agrarian GS(R, Inpari 43 Agrarian GSR and Inpago need to be developed in order to increase rice farming in Gunungkidul dry land.

Keywords
Gunungkidul, new upland rice, farm studies, superior varieties

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/yVWwRCXeAjQv


Supply and Demand Model of Indonesian Palm Oil in The International Market
Tia Sofiani Napitupulu, Djaimi Bakce, Syaiful Hadi

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Corresponding Author
Tia Sofiani Napitupulu

Institutions
Postgraduate Program Universitas Riau
Kampus Bina Widya Jl. HR. Soebrantas Km. 12.5 Panam. Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia

Abstract
Indonesia is the leading producer of palm oil in the world. In 2016 Indonesia and Malaysia produced 81% of the worlds palm oil. This study aims to analyze the response of the supply and demand for Indonesian palm oil in the world market. This study used time-series data from 1980-2016. The model built is an econometric model, simultaneous equations. To answer the research objectives, the data were analyzed using the Two Stages Least Square (2SLS) method. The main finding of this study is that in the short term, there are no responsive variables. All variables are responsive in the long run except the lag variable area of Malaysian palm oil in the Malaysian palm oil supply equation and the price of Malaysian palm oil in the Malaysian palm oil supply equation. Variables responsive to Indonesian palm oil supply are the lag area of Indonesian palm oil, the price of urea, and the Rupiah exchange rate against the US Dollar. Variable responsive to Malaysian palm oil supply is the domestic demand for Malaysian palm oil. Variables responsive to Indonesian palm oil demand are the price of Indonesian palm oil and the GDP per capita of Indonesia. On international palm oil demand, responsive variables are the GDP per capita of India, 2-year lag in world palm oil prices, world palm oil prices, and the GDP per capita of Pakistan. The responsive variable affecting world palm oil prices is the increase in world soybean oil prices and world sunflower oil prices.

Keywords
Palm Oil, Simultaneous Equation, Supply, Demand

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/a46Cymrt9nQ2


SUSTAINABILITY INDEX AND STATUS OF PADDY FARMING SYSTEM IN SUBANG IN SUBANG AND KARAWANG
Rizka Amalia Nugrahapsari1), Sumedi2), Muhammad Yunus3), Nyoman Widiarta4), Budi Marwoto5)

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Corresponding Author
rizka amalia nugrahapsari

Institutions
1) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hortikultura
2) Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
3) Balai Besar Litbang Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian
4) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
5) Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias

Abstract
ABSTRACT The aims of this study is to assess (1) the multidimensional sustainability index and status of paddy farming system, (2) the sustainability index and status of each dimension (ecology, economy, socio-cultural, technological and institutional) of paddy, and (3) sensitive attributes that are affecting the sustainability of the paddy farming system. Primary data used in this study, obtained from interviewing farmers, extension agents, Subang Agricultural Agency and related stakeholders. The method of selecting samples was done purposively by selecting one village in Subang and Karawang which is the center of paddy and has farmers with land area and cropping index varies with certain categories. The analytical method used is Rapfish with multidimensional scaling (MDS) approach. The results showed that the sustainability index of inter-village rice farming varied between 44.13 - 71.93. Villages that are included in the quite sustainable category are Pringkasap and Kalijati with an area of more than 3 ha and an IP 200 because this village has ecological, social and technological advantages. While other villages fall into the less sustainable category. The villages with the lowest sustainability index are Kalijati villages whose land area is less than 1 Ha and has an IP of 300. The development of a sustainable rice business system in Subang and Karawang should be focused on villages with a less sustainable category. Efforts to improve the status of sustainability in the village must be directed at the attributes that are sensitive to affecting the status of sustainability, namely returning mulch and straw to the land, managing water with intermittent technology, and applying greenhouse gas mitigation technology.

Keywords
sustainability index and status, paddy, Subang

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Tbz8EK9JPRFd


TAMAN CAKRA ASRI : THE RELIGIOUS AND AGROPOLITAN TOURIST DESTINATION
Bargumono

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Corresponding Author
Maftuh Kafiya

Institutions
1Departement Agrotechnology , Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran Yogyakarta

Abstract
Tourist place destination need to be profesionally developed. Religius and Agropolitan tourist destination of Taman Cakra Asri is one of the specific and unique tourist attractions, that present religious tourist object and the history of development of Islamicreligion in the archipelago, which is taught by the saints known as Wali Songo,While the agropolitan that is prepared as tourist atraction to cover the biodiversity, there is owned and can grow on the Indonesian Country. The purpose of this paper is making religious and agropolitan tourist destinations are as a main destinity and also learning to the public about the history of the struggle of the saints and biodiversity of Indonesian archipelago to meet the goal of human life. Any activites abble to implove with any programme that packaged such as outbonds, camp area, community culture and traditional art works, cullinary , snack , market and social culture activities with deep impression.

Keywords
Tourist, Religious, Agropolitan, Destination

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/vgt7qN8MBrWj


The Role of Sorgum (Sorgum bicolor (L)) as Beneficial Cultivation Plant due to Climate Change
Dwi Aulia Puspitaningrum*1), Mohammad Nurcholis 2), Henri Krismawan3)

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Corresponding Author
Dwi Aulia Puspitaningrum Puspitaningrum

Institutions
1) Department of Agribussines. Faculty of Agriculture UPN”Veteran” Yogyakarta
2) Department of Agrotechnology. Faculty of Agriculture UPN”Veteran” Yogyakarta
3) Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) Institute Yogyakarta

*auliaupn[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Sweet Sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)), one of the gramineaceous crop which is very adaptable in the marginal land because it is one of crop that need water use efficient. Sorghum is mainly cultivated in drier areas, especially on shallow and heavy clay soils. Sorgum has a very good potential as an alternative food, feedstock, and also ethanol production. It is the only crop that provides both grain and stem that can be used for sugar, alcohol, syrup, jaggery, fodder, fuel, bedding, roofing, fencing, paper, and chewing. This reseach study about the feasibility study of the cultivation of sorgum in Kretek, Bantul District, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Regarding the climate change condition, that the dry season longer than wet season in DIY, we aim to analyse the feasibility study of this crop that cultivated in marginal land and in long dry season condition. The methode of the research is descriptive and we collect primer data by survey methode of farmers in this district. The analysis data is closed by economical and finansial analysis methode. The result of the reseach showed that the cultivitation of sorgum in Kretek, Bantul District , DIY is feasible

Keywords
Sorgum, Dry land, Climate Change, Feasible

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Cg8LAGZjXxbf


THE STAKEHOLDERS ANALYSIS IN THE FARMERS- EMPOWERMENT
Eko Murdiyanto, Budiarto, Vandrias Dewantoro

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Corresponding Author
Eko Murdiyanto

Institutions
University of Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Yogyakarta

Abstract
The empowerment of Mekar farming group is conducted to establish solidarity and independence. In agribusiness, the farmers are not only solid and independent in the capital-providing but also in the cultivation techniques, post-harvest handling, distribution, institutional, and business diversity. Therefore, they need supports from the stakeholders in accordance to their necessities. The results of the research show that the stakeholders- supports come from their primary duties, so that they need an instrument to unify them. Therefore, the farmers should have the major strength which is to integrate the stakeholders dynamically. The group dynamic is seen in the reorganizing process of the organizational structure in order to adjust the form of support given by the stakeholders. It is done to develop human resources for increasing the farmers- welfare.

Keywords
empowerment, stakeholders, welfare

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/C67LzghqPdk3


WOMEN FARMERS FOCUS STRATEGY TO ACHIEVE POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Herlina Tarigan and Sri Wahyuni

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Corresponding Author
Sri Wahyuni

Institutions
Indonesian Center for Socioeconomics and Policy Studies
Jln Tentara Pelajar 3B, Bogor 16111

Abstract
Report on poverty alleviation program showed that women play significant role in the success of the program, therefore their potential should be empowered to get the maximum achievement. Since the majority (13.10 millions) of poor family are in villages with main occupation as farmers, meaning most poor family ae farmers. Therefore a base information for policy on poverty alleviation program for farmers should be collected. Research on poverty alleviation program of farmers family have been conducted in Jember District – East Java. The data were collected through Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) method with respondent consist of farmers family who received poverty alleviation program “Bedah Kemiskinan Rakyat Sejahtera (BEKERJA) ” or Tackle Poverty for People Welfare in 2018 and related institution from all level who participated in the program. Qualitative data analysis were implemented and the results were presented descriptively. The results: 1) The majority of the women (85%) were participated in carrying the implementation of the program such as doing in all activities of raising the chiken and decided the use of the production for the household welfare; 2) Women faced on a basic constraint such as policy and the technical assistant. 3) The women participation significantly influence in the success of the poverty alleviation program. A lesson learned could be derived as conclusion is “women had not been taken in to consideration in the planning of the program”. The suggested strategy on every poverty alleviation program for farmers is through women empowerment focus strategy.

Keywords
Women farmers, poverly alleviation, program, lesson learned

Topic
Economics, Social and Business

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/MhWGdXKTyVFf


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