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Abstract Topic: AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

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Air Pressure Distribution Analysis of Multirotor Agricultural Drone
Samsul Hidayat(a*), Fatchur Rahman(b), I Wayan Dasna(c), Muladi(d), Nurul Hidayat(a), Nugoho Adi Pramono(a), Falen Bayu Adetya(a), M Hafidduddin Karim(a)

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Corresponding Author
Samsul Hidayat

Institutions
a) Jurusan Fisika FMIPA UM Jl Semarang 5 Malang Indonesia
samsul.hidayat.fmipa[at]um.ac.id
b) Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UM Jl Semarang 5 Malang Indonesia
c) Jurusan Kimia FMIPA UM Jl Semarang 5 Malang Indonesia
d) Jurusan Elektro FT UM Jl Semarang 5 Malang Indonesia

Abstract
Applications of quadcopter or hexacopter have made easy for plant care. This Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology can accelerate the spread of insecticides, fertilizers, seed sowing, palm pest control, and so on. The translation of air around the UAV needs to be considered to prevent damage of plant. The hit of air can cause broken branch, fall leave, insects to feel uncomfortable, getting into the sidelines of the plant, damage flowers, damage the fruit, or may damage the all plant. The restriction of the wind speed is very useful. The air blows can help pollinate, increasing the air circulation, decrease humidity, decrease the fungi, and so on. For this reason, the distribution of air pressure due to propeller activity needs to be known. This study aims to determine the air pressure distribution, with variations in lift and distance of the measuring point from the UAV propeller. The step of the research is measuring air pressure under a UAV quadcopter which has a total thrust of not less than 10kg. Fifteen air pressure sensors are arranged under the UAV. Four of fifteen sensors are connected to the Digital Storage Oscilloscope (DSO). The propeller which used in quadcopter is 3080 and 2255 with a 120kv-340kv brushless motor. The results of this study can at least be taken into consideration in the operation of quadcopter UAVs, which in this study found that the air pressure difference reached 0.02kPa. This pressure is too large for rice plants.

Keywords
quadcopter, air pressure, plant care.

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/qLJh4bPMAHXk


Analysis Implementation of Reliability Centered Maintenance at XX sugarcane industry
Danang T. Setiyawan; Farhan Azhari, Usman Effendi

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Corresponding Author
Danang Triagus Setiyawan

Institutions
Brawijaya University

Abstract
The problems faced at at XX sugarcane industry is low reliability. The purpose of this study is to identify the critical subsystems that causes low reliability and to determine the optimal interval of scheduled planned maintenance. By using the machine failure data can be obtained the reliability estimation for each subsystem for different time intervals. As a results of the analysis show that the Stalk Hammer and Hammer Tip is the most critical subsystem. The result shows reduced the frequency of failure from 326 times to 162 times, and increasing availability from 86.5% to 90.5%.

Keywords
Maintenance Management, Reliability, Total Cost Maintenance

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/bfDYuJvXcG4n


Analysis of Factors Affecting Consumer Purchasing Decisions on Aice Ice Cream Using Partial Least Square (PLS) in Malang City)
Dr. Panji Deoranto, STP, MP., Masud Effendi, STP, MP., Gloria Elizabeth Malau, ST

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Corresponding Author
Panji Deoranto

Institutions
Brawijaya University

Abstract
The development of the ice cream business in Indonesia is currently very fast with competition that is also getting tighter. Various brands of ice cream from different companies can easily be found in the market and more and more choices of ice cream for consumer consumption. In Malang City recently, new ice cream products have emerged. One of them is Aice ice cream products. The emergence of Aice ice cream has resulted in increased competition between ice cream one products and other ice cream products, so that businesses seek ways that can be used as an advantage in competition. One of the ways that can be done by companies to be able to compete is knowing the factors that influence consumer purchasing decisions on a product. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of price, brand image and product quality on buying interest and purchasing decisions on Aice ice cream, and the influence of buying interest mediated the price, brand image, product quality variables on purchasing decisions. This study uses price variables (X1), brand image (X2), product quality (X3) on buying interest (Y1) and purchasing decisions (Y2), with a total sample of 100 respondents who had bought and consumed Aice ice cream products in six last month in Malang City. Data collection is done by distributing and interviewing consumers. Data processing using the PLS (Partial Least Square) method. The results of this study indicate that the price variable (X1), brand image (X2) and product quality (X3) significantly influence buying interest (Y1) and purchasing decisions (Y2). Interest buying variable (Y1) is able to mediate the relationship between price variable (X1), brand image (X2) and product quality (X3) on purchasing decisions (Y2). The variables that have the most dominant influence on purchasing decisions are product quality variables (X3).

Keywords
aice ice cream, purchase decision, PLS

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/6TaubhpjKvnm


Analysis of Financial Feasibility and Value-Added Enhancement of Corn Milk Product Development
WG Rohmah, BSD Dewanti, DM Ikasari, R Septifani

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Corresponding Author
Wendra G Rohmah

Institutions
Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
The aims of this study were to analyze the financial feasibility and value-added increasing of corn milk product development. The financial feasibility study carried out using the criteria of Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Payback Period (PP), Break Event Point (BEP), B/C ratio and R/C ratio, while analysis of increasing value-added using the Hayami Method approach. The results showed that the product development of corn milk was financially feasible to be continued with increasing value-added of 52%. Based on the calculation of financial feasibility known that the Net Present Value (NPV) product development of corn milk is IDR 27,784,596.28. The value of Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is 81.49% and the Payback Period (PP) is 3 months. The value of business efficiency (R/C ratio) is 1.50; while the B/C ratio is 1.35. To obtain maximum profit, product sales must exceed the Break Event Point (BEP) value, which is sales of over 240 bottles or IDR 1,444,910,- with a selling price of IDR 6,000/bottle.

Keywords
corn milk, product development, financial feasibility, value added

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/p8FtLjTXzBfU


APPLICATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF BANGLI ARABICA COFFEE
I Gusti Bagus Udayana*, Luh Kartini, A.A, Ngurah Mayun Wirajaya, Made Sri Yuliartini

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Corresponding Author
I Gusti Bagus Udayana

Institutions
Faculty of Agriculture. Warmadewa University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Abstract
The Kintamani region, Bangli Regency, Bali Province, is one of the centers of Arabica coffee plants that already have a brand on the international market. Basically, the potential of Arabica coffee in the region is still quite open, but in recent years there has been a phenomenon that is the shift of plants from coffee to oranges. This shift occurs because citrus farming provides more income than coffee farming. This phenomenon encourages researchers to conduct research entitled: APPLICATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF BANGLI ARABICA COFFEE , aimed at increasing the added value of Bangli arabica coffee. The study was conducted in Batur village, Kintamani Subdistrict, Bangli Regency, Bali Province. The research unit is the farmer household that cultivates coffee plants in the year of the study. The sampling method uses Simple Random Sampling with a sample size of 60 farmers. The validation test of the synergy model in order to increase motivation is done through a personal approach through joint activities in the processing of ose coffee. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was conducted twice. This research provides the results of concrete steps in developing coffee commodities holistically from the upstream to downstream sectors. The applicative model that was compiled was able to offer an ideal coffee agribusiness management offer so as to increase the productivity and quality of coffee at the farm level through agro Arabica coffee tourism objects

Keywords
Arabica coffee. Applicative Model, Arabica Coffee Agribusiness

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/mguqafExD7UK


Company Performance Measurement using System Dynamics Approach
Usman Effendi, Mas-ud Effendi, Ririn Ayu Rosalina

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Corresponding Author
Usman Effendi

Institutions
Dept of Agro-Industrial Technology,
Brawijaya University

Abstract
PG KA is handled by plant, manufacturing, engineering, QC, and TUK that directly influence the company performance aspect. The decrease of sugar amount production causes the need of performance appraisal. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the company performance, to identify performance appraisal model, and to determine improvement alternative strategies to get the better right. This study utilized the system dynamics approach research method. This system dynamic model illustrates the relation of the factors including financial, production, and employee development. This study results show that the variables that is used as the benchmarks of the company performance level are sugar volume and profit. Based on the identification towards the company capabilities, there is 3 alternative strategies to increase the company performance. The simulation results show that the highest percentage of alternative strategies changes is 15,44% in the increase of the sugarcane production variable (alternative 1) in sugar volume and 12,79% in profit. This value addition can be achieved by PG KA by taking in account the factors that influence land productivity such as water, varieties, soil fertility, pest control, and fertilization.

Keywords
IDPMS, performance measurement, sugar, system dynamics

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/whCyx68XQpAV


Concept of Halal Food development to support Halal tourism: A Review
Fenti Nur Addina (a), Suprayogi (a), Sucipto (a) (b)*

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Corresponding Author
Fenti Nur Addina

Institutions
(a) Master Program of Agricultural industry technology-Faculty of Agricultural technology-Brawijaya University
(b) Halal Qualified Industry Development (Hal-Q ID); Agroindustrial Technology- Brawijaya University
Jl. Veteran – Malang 65145
*E-mail: ciptotip[at]ub.ac.id

Abstract
Muslims increasingly represent a powerful consumer segment in the tourism sector and the fastest growing in the global travel industry. For Muslim tourists, halal food is an important necessity for travel. In the context of food and beverage, halal and haram describe each of what is allowed or not to be consumed by Muslims in the Quran and the Prophets Hadith. It is important to the development of halal food in restaurants and food souvenirs to attract travel in halal tourism destinations. This research aims to identify factors in the development of restaurants and food souvenirs to increase halal tourism. Symbols, utilities, and sensory are the focus of the concept of food souvenirs. Unlike food souvenirs, restaurants emphasize food quality, service quality, and the quality of the physical environment. Food can be the function as a unique image for branding. Halal food in restaurants and food souvenirs can increase the attractiveness of halal tourism. The government and business must be able to adjust the criteria for tourist needs with innovation in food souvenirs and improvement in restaurant services. Indonesia which is rich in tourism and culinary has great potential to expand halal tourism. Food quality, service quality, environmental quality, and sensory, utility, symbolic become an important focus of developing halal restaurant and halal food souvenirs in halal tourism.

Keywords
Food Souvenir, Halal Tourism, Muslim travel, Restaurant

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/GFrW7yUjQZk6


Demand Forecasting for Crude Palm Oil (CPO) using the time series method at PT X
Andan Linggar Rucitra (a*), Muhammad Andrey Pradana (b)

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Corresponding Author
Andan Linggar Rucitra

Institutions
a) Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
*andanrucitra[at]ub.ac.id
b) Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Palm oil is one of the most consumed and produced oils in the world. Oil that is cheap, easily produced and the amount of production is stable is used as raw material for various products such as food, cosmetics, hygiene products, and also as a source of biofuels or biodiesel. PT X produces products in the form of crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel (Kernel). A fundamental mistake that often occurs in making decisions is a mistake in making the right sales predictions. Effective planning for both the long and short term depends on forecasting demand for CPO products. The purpose of this study is to know and study demand forecasting using the Time Series method as the first step in designing production and making decisions that will be taken to carry out activities in the next stage. In this study forecasting is done based on historical data obtained from PT X in 2013 until 2017. Forecasting results are used as production planning data from January to December 2018. From the results of the research carried out obtained forecasting data with R2 value of 0.681 which means that the ability of data sales in explaining the results of future data is 68.1% with a p-value of 0.002 and an alpha value of 5% or 0.05 then p-value is less than an alpha value which means the model used has been fit and the forecasting results are valid.

Keywords
Demand Forecasting; crude palm oil; time series

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/76xJk4Kb2GcA


Design of Lean Production System With Simulation Model Approach at Agar Powder Production
Danang T. Setiyawan; Krisma Nugrahandi; Masud Effendi

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Corresponding Author
Danang Triagus Setiyawan

Institutions
Brawijaya University

Abstract
PT. XYZ is a company that produce agar powder. This research aims to minimize waste that happens in the production process of agar powder by using Lean Manufacturing concept with Value Stream Mapping (VSM), Value Stream Analysist Tools VALSAT, and Simulation Model. The results of this research indicate there are waste such as human potential, inappropriate design, unnecessary, and with the highest waste is in form of waiting time. It caused by unconsistent of raw material, unnresponsiveness worker, lack of tools that help operator, bottleneck process and unscheduled process. Recommendation for improvement are embracing capacity in filtering workstation, applicating bin system, equip workstation with timer, and making production schedule. Based on the simulation that have been done shows reduced total lead time of 2,94446 days to 2,270 days or efficiecy procces increased 22,81%.

Keywords
Lean Manufacturing, Value Stream Mapping, Simulation

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/WQM8mrq3gp9H


Designing Traceability Information Systems for Processed Apple Products Chain
Miftakhurrizal Kurniawan(a*) , Faizatul Amalia(b) , Danang Triagus Setiyawan(a)

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Corresponding Author
Miftakhurrizal Kurniawan

Institutions
a)Agroindustrial technology Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
b)Faculty of computer science Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Food security issues are a problem for consumers to choose the right food products. Consumers are often faced with a lack of knowledge about nutritional content, expiration and availability of healthy food products, especially for processed apple products. Therefore a traceability system is needed that guarantees the authenticity of the product and provides reliable information. Lack of good information and infrastructure will hinder the formation of an effective traceability system that some producers have not considered because it has high costs, especially for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). In general, producers and consumers need an information system that can provide food information effectively and efficiently. This study uses the Waterfall method which consists of several stages, namely: the data analysis stage, the planning stage, the implementation phase and the testing phase. The design concept uses the object oriented method using the Unified Modeling Language (UML), which consists of: Use Case Diagrams, Activity Diagrams and Sequence Diagrams. The results of this study will be in the form of a supply chain traceability information system design for apple packaging based on smart packaging. The results of this study will be a design of an information system traceability system of processed apple products that can be managed by small and medium enterprises.

Keywords
SMEs, waterfall, unified modelling language

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KJbuT7RdzBEh


Drivers of innovation and business performance on small industries
E.R. Lestari and F.L. Ardianti

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Corresponding Author
Endah Rahayu Lestari

Institutions
Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology,Universitas Brawijaya


Abstract
In a turbulent business environment, innovation is the most important issue for business success. This paper addresses two main problems. First, we examine the relationship between market orientation and entrepreneurial orientation as key drivers of innovation. Second, it evaluates the impact of innovation on business performance. Market orientation only focuses on two dimensions, namely the dimensions of customers and competitors. Entrepreneurial oriented is defined along dimensions: proactive, aggressive, autonomy, innovative, and risk taking. Innovation is measured in two dimensions, i.e. product innovation and process innovation. While business performance was represented by financial indicators. Data was collected from small food industries in Indonesia and analyzed by structural equation models. This finding provides support for the positive influence of both market orientation and entrepreneurial orientation on innovation. Finally, innovation becomes a positive contributor to business performance. The study has implications that SMEs with market orientation and entrepreneurial orientation should place much emphasis in order to enhance innovativeness and ultimately achieve better performance

Keywords
business performance, entrepreneurial orientation, innovation, market orientation

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XxKRJp8j7ZWu


Entrepreneurship Development to Upgrade Value Added of Mas Kirana Banana as Local Potential
U Prajogo(a*), S Munfaqiroh(b), M Nur(c), L Mindarti(d), I Pratiwi(e), A Luqman(f)

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Corresponding Author
Uke Prajogo

Institutions
(a)(b) Department of Management, Malangkucecwara School of Economics, Malang, Indonesia
*ukeprajogo[at]stie-mce.ac.id
(c) Department of Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
(d) Department of Bussiness Administration, Faculty of Administration Science, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
(e) Faculty of Psychology , Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(f) Sunan Giri Academy of Pharmaceutical and Food Analyst, Ponorogo, Indonesia

Abstract
ASEAN member countries agreed to carry out comprehensive economic cooperation in the face of Industry 4.0. One of the manufacturing sectors in the food and beverage industry is being developed to become a force at the Southeast Asian regional level. The food and beverage industry is also one of the strategic sectors and still has bright prospects to grow in Indonesia. But on the other hand the growth of the food and beverage industry has many problems related to production efficiency and agriculture products which are not processed at all. The aim of this study is to describe the development of local potential based entrepreneurship through empowering Mas Kirana Banana farmers i.e. several stages including training, production and marketing. This study use a qualitative approach using primary data collected through interviews, observation, and documentation. The research subjects were Kirana Mas banana farmers in Pasrujambe District, Lumajang Regency. As informants are community leaders. The validity of the data uses triangulation of sources, methods and theories. Data analysis as an interactive model includes data collection, reduction, presentation and conclusion. The results of this research are empowerment programs for Mas Kirana banana farmers in the form of production training and business management of Mas Kirana banana chips.

Keywords
Agroindustry, Entrepreneurship Development, Mas Kirana Banana

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/G8Z6WLgDtVcF


Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Basil (Ocimum Americanum L.) Leaves with Pre-Treatment Using Pulsed Electric Field (PEF)
Sukardi*), Maimunah Hindun Pulungan, Isti Purwaningsih, Putri Fitriani Sita

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Corresponding Author
sukardi sukardi

Institutions
Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract
The study was conducted to determine the role of pulsed electric field (PEF) as pre-treatment on the extraction of phenolic compounds from basil (Ocimum americanum L.) leaves. The research used Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 2 factors, factor 1: exposure times (10, 15, and 20 seconds) and factor 2: voltages (1000, 1500, and 2000 volt). Extraction was done by maceration using 80% ethanol with temperature of 50oC. The results showed that PEF treatment had an effect on total phenolic compounds (TPC), phenol yield and antioxidant activity (IC50) of basil extract. The sample treated at exposure time of 10 seconds and voltage of 1500 volt obtained TPC of 260.50 mg GAE/g, phenol yield of 1.91 % and IC50 of 35.96 ppm. Whereas the untreated sample (without PEF) obtained TPC of 193 mg GAE/g, phenol yield of 0.86 % and IC50 of 166.78 ppm. The data showed that PEF treatment before the extraction of basil leaves can increase total phenolic compounds by 1.4 times, phenol yield by 2.2 times, and antioxidant activity by 4.6 times.

Keywords
Basil; PEF; phenolic compound; antioxidant;

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/UWf6K832CTwJ


FORECASTING OF RAW MATERIAL PURCHASING QUANTITY FOR APPLE JUICE DRINK PRODUCTION IN PT XYZ MALANG
Azimmatul Ihwah, Ulayya Hanan Viandini

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Corresponding Author
Azimmatul Ihwah

Institutions
Dept. of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract
Batu City is a city that has abundant agricultural products. One of the abundant fruits in Batu City is apples. Apple juice drink is a fruit juice drink prepared from apples with the addition of sugar and citric acid. One producer of apple cider is PT. XYZ who is in Batu City. Production process has strongly related to the needs of raw materials. Raw materials are the main factors that support the smooth and effective production process of a company. The planning activity for raw material requirements can be applied if future sales projections have been obtained. In this case forecasting future demand needs to be done. The aimed of this study was to forecast the quantity of purchasing apple ‘manalagi- as the main raw material. The forecasting study was done for January to December 2019. From the time series plot, it was known that the data for purchasing raw materials for apples was seasonal. The data was transformed twice to fulfill stationary assumptions. The best SARIMA model was obtained (1,1,0) (1,1,1)2 with the Mean Square Error of 0,0106901. From the results of forecasting for 2019, it was found that the highest in June was 87,950.2 kg and the lowest in January was 249.3 kg and the average purchase of raw materials per month in 2019 was 9,786.1 kg. This is because the level of demand from consumers has increased dramatically during the Eid season or celebration season, namely in June.

Keywords
apple, juice drink,forecasting, seasonal, sarima

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Rj9ChBEfxMKP


GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE (GMP) IMPLEMENTATION ASSESSMENT OF TEA BEVERAGE PRODUCTION
Muhammad Arif Kamal (*a), Medea Ramadhani Utomo (b), Annisa Fortuna Adam (c)

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Corresponding Author
M Arif Kamal

Institutions
(a) Department of Agroindustrial Technology
Faculty of Agroindustrial Technology
Universitas Brawijaya

(b) Department of Social and Economics
Faculty of Agriculture
Universitas Brawijaya

(c) Student of Bachelor Science of Agroindustrial Techology, Department of Agroindustrial Technology
Faculty of Agroindustrial Technology
Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract
Tea is one of the subtropical plants widely consumed because it has a distinctive taste and aroma. In order to maintain product quality it is needed to implement standard production procedures that aims to produce products that meet product quality and safety requirements using Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) criteria. This study is aims to observe and assess the GMP Implementation Tea Beverage production from several GMP criteria including the location, buildings, sanitation facilities, machinery and equipment, materials, process supervision, final products, laboratories, employees, packaging, labeling and product description, transportation, sanitation storage, maintenance and programs, documentation and recording and training.

Keywords
Keywords: Tea, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP),

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/VumKT6RnWDNp


Green Marketing Mix: The Influences on Purchasing Decision of Mozzarella Cheese Consumers
Retno Astuti, Panji Deoranto, Muhammad Luthfi Aji Wicaksono, Ayman Nazzal

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Corresponding Author
Retno Astuti

Institutions
1Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of Brawijaya, Jalan Veteran, Malang 65145, East Java, Indonesia
2Department of Business Administration and E-Commerce, Faculty of Commerce and Business, P. O. Box Tulkarem - Jaffa Street 7, Palestina Technical University - Kadoorie, Palestin

Abstract
The awareness of consumers about environment has been increasing considerably. Green marketing mix is one of strategies for producers to meet the need of consumers. This study aimed to develop a theoretical structural model representing the influences of green marketing mix on purchasing decision. The conceptual framework was empirically tested using Partial Least Square (PLS) method based on a survey of 42 consumers of mozzarella cheese produced by CV. Brawijaya Dairy Industry (BRADY) in Malang City, Indonesia. Data were collected using questionnaires given to respondents who were taken by purposive sampling. Exogenous latent variables in this study were green product, green price, green place, and green promotion as variables of green marketing mix, meanwhile endogenous latent variable was purchasing decision. The results showed that green product, green price, and green promotion influenced significantly on purchasing decision. Green place did not influence significantly on purchasing decisions because the consumers who are mostly snack producers did not consider the distance of the marketplace. They usually bought BRADY mozzarella cheese with other ingredients for snack production. They saved more energy by buying BRADY mozzarella cheese at one-stop-shop of ingredients for snack production although it was sold at a little bit far marketplace. The most influential variable of green marketing mix on purchasing decision of BRADY mozzarella cheese was green product because the ingredients of the product were toxic-free.

Keywords
green product, green price, green place, green promotion, purchasing decision

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BFzKGcWTuxwp


Green Productivity Analysis of Tempeh Chips Production (Case Study on SME Putra Ridhlo Sanan, Malang)
Riska Septifani*, Retno Astuti, Rizqi Nurlail Akbar

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Corresponding Author
Riska Septifani

Institutions
Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Tempe chips are one of the typical foods of Malang City. One of SME that produces tempeh chips in Malang City is Putra Ridhlo. The purpose of this research were to measure the value of productivity, determine several strategic alternatives, and estimate the influence of selected alternative to a better productivity. A suitable approach to help the SME to increase productivity and reduce environmental impact is the Green Productivity Method. Green Value Stream Mapping (GVSM) was also used to identify green waste. Green Productivity Index (GPI) of Putra Ridhlo was only 0,28 (low). Alternatives were prepared to overcome several green waste problems. The results of the study showed that the biggest waste came from frying process (emission), seasoning making process (waste water), and packaging process (solid waste). There were three improvement alternatives to increase productivity values, namely: ​​standardization of packaging weight, usage of blower during the day, and water volume measurement with a measuring cup when making seasonings. According to expert judgement with pairwise comparison, the alternative with highest GPI is standardization of packaging weight (0,30), while usage of blower during the day had GPI 0,29, and water volume measurement with a measuring cup when making seasonings had GPI 0,28. The application of green productivity might be implemented in Putra Ridhlo because it could improve the economy value to be 2,48, and environmental impact (GPI future to be 0,30 and GPI ratio to be 1,08). Future studies could measure productivity with other methods such as Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR).

Keywords
green productivity, pairwise comparison, tempeh chips

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/4HMRNEumBV6v


Identification of Characteristics of Language and Community Information Needs on Processing of Agricultural Results Based on Local Potential
Kusubakti Andajani (a*), Musthofa Lutfi (b), Arda Purnama Putra (c), Sahiruddin (d)

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Corresponding Author
Kusubakti Andajani

Institutions
a) Indonesian Language and Literature Education Study Program, Faculty of Literature, State University of Malang
Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia
*kusubakti.andajani.fs[at]um.ac.id
b) Department of Agriculture Engineering, Universitas Brawijaya,
Jl. Veteran 1, Malang 65145, Indonesia
c) Elementary School Teacher Education Study Program, State University of Malang
Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia
d) English Study Program, Department of Languges and Literature, Faculty of Cultural Studies, Universitas Brawijaya
Jl. Veteran 1, Malang 65145, Indonesia

Abstract
Convincing the public about the importance of processing agricultural products is not easy. Various reasons are conveyed as a form of rejection. This study aims to describe the language characteristics and information needs of the community about processing agricultural products based on local potential so that node points that can be used as a basis to open public awareness of the importance of processing agricultural products can be identified. Data collection for qualitative descriptive research was carried out through participant observation and open interviews. The results of the study showed that the use of Indonesian language mixed with regions was seen as more polite and acceptable to the local community. Information about processing agricultural products needed is processing techniques for rambutan, banana, and cassava. They also need information about packaging techniques for agricultural products, design of processed products, procedures for managing PIRTs, and marketing strategies for processed products.

Keywords
Processing of Agricultural Results; Characteristics of Language; Community Information Needs

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/CqTPU9fWnJzc


Institutional Risk Identification of SMEs Supply Chains with Fuzzy Failure Mode and Effect Analysis Method
Imam Santoso, Indah Yuni Prahastuti, Dyah Ayu Pusfitasari

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Corresponding Author
Imam Santoso

Institutions
Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Institutional problems experienced by SMEs lead to institutional risks that can affect supply chain institutions. These risks include risk in the variables of the actors, relations and institutions involved. Variable actors have the risk of lack of technical, intellectual and negotiating abilities, and low commitment, communication and responsibility. Relationship variables have a risk level of trust, honesty and a spirit of low progress, frequent conflicts, and limited information between relations. Other institutional variables have the risk of not having a business network and low government cooperation, training and funding. These risks must be handled properly and correctly. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the institutional risk of supply chains. Risk identification and assessment uses the Fuzzy Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FFMEA) method. The result of five randomly selected SMEs, the highest risk in the actor variable is the lack of intellectual knowledge and low commitment. The risk priority in the relation variable is the lack of spirit of going forward together. The risk priority for institutional variables is the limited of supporting fund from other institutions.

Keywords
risk analysis, institutional, agroinndustry, Fuzzy FMEA

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JEa4GCRUfhdp


Peppermint Hard Candy Packaging Design with Kansei Engineering
Masud Effendi (*), Dita Anggraeni, Retno Astuti

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Corresponding Author
Masud Effendi

Institutions
Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya
Veteran Street, Malang, Indonesia
* mas.ud[at]ub.ac.id

Abstract
Peppermint hard candy is increasing sold in the market. It causes a tight business competition and need some efforts for the product to survive and to win the competition. One effort that can be done is to design peppermint hard candy packaging. This research aimed to find out the peppermint hard candy primary packaging design in accordance with the consumers needs. This study used kansei engineering to translate consumer perceptions of the primary packaging design. Factor analysis and conjoint analysis were used for data processing. Based on the analysis, the design of peppermint hard candy packaging desired by the consumer was plastic, tubular, printed sticker label, flip top accessory and transparent colors. The label design element has the most importance value (30,524%) followed by material design elements (29.188%), shape (21.763%), accessories (11.300%) and color (7.226%).

Keywords
Conjoint Analysis, Factor Analysis, Hard Candy, Kansei Engineering

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/tEfvkUQecpr9


PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS AND TRACEABILITY SYSTEM IN THE ORANGE FRUIT SUPPLY CHAIN OF KEPROK BATU 55 (CASE STUDY IN BATU CITY, EAST JAVA)
Muhammad Arif Kamal (*a), Miftakhurrizal Kurniawan (b), Imam Santoso (c)

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Corresponding Author
M Arif Kamal

Institutions
(a,b,c) Department of Agroindustrial Technology
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract
Orange Fruit Batu 55 is a typical plant from the City of Batu Jawa in addition to apple plants. This orange has the advantage of sweet, fresh and harvest times 3 times a year. The level of competition is quite high in the market, making the Batu 55 tangerine fruit must be able to survive especially facing the onslaught of imported products. Increasing the level of dependence and complexity of the current supply chain network makes supply chains as a whole more vulnerable to disruption. This study aims to describe the supply chain using the framework of the Food Supply Chain Network, measure supply chain performance, and identify the implementation of traceability systems in Batu Keprok 55 fruit.

Keywords
SCOR, Orange Fruit, Keprok Batu 55, traceability

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AMQJTxvfDj9q


Persuasive Communication Strategy for Establishment of Pick Guava Tourism Area
Kusubakti Andajani (a*), Uke Prajogo (b), Yuni Pratiwi (a), Muhammad Arif Kamal (c)

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Corresponding Author
Kusubakti Andajani

Institutions
a) Department of Indonesian Language and Literature Education, State University of Malang, Malang
*kusubakti.andajani.fs[at]um.ac.id
b) Department of Management, Malangkucecwara School of Economic, Malang
c) Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

Abstract
Persuading the community to agree with our intentions is not an easy thing, especially if the directives affect the loss of some of their rights and demand to change the mindset. Special strategies are needed to influence the community by considering their culture and mindset. This study aims to describe a persuasive communication strategy that is used to persuade the public in the formation of cashing tourist areas. Data collection is done by participant observation techniques. This study produced a persuasive communication strategy with the following steps: (1) confirmation of the facts of the communitys socio-economic weaknesses, (2) the imagination of the impact if not making changes, (3) awareness of the potential of the region, (4) the presentation of evidence of community success outside who want to change, (5) providing information about the steps to make changes, and (6) strengthening of the success that will be achieved.

Keywords
Persuasive Communication Strategy; Pick Guava; Tourism Area

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/g3CPVaFQypDM


Productivity Analysis of Production Process Flour With Approach Green Productivity (Case Study at PT Indofood Sukses Makmur Tbk Bogasari Flour Mills, Jakarta)
Dr. Retno Astuti, STP., MT., Dr. Panji Deoranto, STP., MP., Bayu Septian Widada, ST

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Corresponding Author
Panji Deoranto

Institutions
Brawijaya University

Abstract
Wheat was raw materials of flour. Flour is made from milled wheat. There are several kind of flour, i.e low, medium and high protein. PT Indofood Sukses Makmur Tbk Bogasari Flour Mills. Kunci Biru and Cakra Kembar Emas are two of products wihich have high demand. The company tend to increase the production to meet the demand without considering environmental aspects. This study aimed to determine the productivity level using green productivity method and to determine strategy alternatives to increase the green productivity. In premilinary research,the kind of waste were defined, i.e. energy, water, material, garbage and emission. The types of waste obtained from the production of flour Kunci Biru and Cakra Kembar Emas were defined using Green Value Stream Mapping (GVSM) methods. Green Productivity Index (GPI) then determine the ratio between economics indicator and environmental impacts. The improvements were recommended based on the results of GPI. Improvement alternative were determines by brainstorming with the manager and section head in the mill E. The questionnaire were filled by two experts, manager and section head in mill E. Pairwise Comparison method than was used to prioritize the improvement alternatives. The results of the research showed that value of GPI on production Kunci Biru flour were relatively good with value 1,10, with economics indicator value were 1,21 and environmental indicator value were 1,10. The value of GPI on production of Cakra Kembar Emas relatively low with value 0,99, with economics indicator value were 1,35 and environmental indicator value were 1,36. The priority alternative to increase the value of green productivity was optimization of the production process with weight value 0.594.

Keywords
GPI, GVSM, Pairwise Comparison, Wheat Flour

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wyHKJYXNkxeE


Redesigning Agro-Industry Layout by Occupational Health and Safety Analysis at Tempe Chips Small and Medium Enterprise in East Java Indonesia
Heptari Elita Dewi (a*), Rizky Awaliyah (a), Heru Santoso Hadi Subagyo (a)

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Corresponding Author
Heptari Elita Dewi

Institutions
a) Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia

Abstract
Effective layout in agro-industry is an important agro-industrial production management system that can expedite the production process and reduce the potential risk of work accident in the production area. The objectives of this research were: (1) to identify the potential hazards and Occupational Health and Safety in Tempe Chips Small and Medium Enterprise (SME), (2) to analyze facility layout in Tempe Chips SME to shorten production lines and improve work productivity. Bu Nurjanah Tempe Chips SME Malang, East Java was selected as research location because of poor lay out system and it has same character with Tempe Chips SME that had fire accident. This research used Occupational Health and Safety Analysis and Systematic Layout Planning approach in designing agro-industry layout that consist of activity relationship chart, activity relationship diagram, and area needs. The results of the research showed that Tempe Chips SME has potential fire hazards and food contamination. Layout recommendations in accordance with Occupational Health and Safety standards included the fulfillment of production facilities such as: access to drinking water, toilets and laundry facilities, and clean cafeteria. First layout design had 13.3 meters track length by process link considering and second layout design had 12.5 meters track length that reduce material handling.

Keywords
layout design, Occupational Health and Safety, Systematic Layout Planning

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PUaRFwxDQJVt


Risk Management of Fermented Cassava Agroindustry In Jember Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia
Yuli Wibowo1, Bambang Herry Purnomo2, Samekto Priyambodo3

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Corresponding Author
Yuli Wibowo

Institutions
Department of Agricultural Industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of Jember,

Abstract
Fermented cassava or “tape” is one of traditional Indonesian fermented food. Along with the high level of fermented cassava consumption, the fermented cassava agroindustry in Indonesia is still potential to be developed. In order to develop the fermented cassava agroindustry, there are several risks facing the agroindustry. This study aims to identify risks in the development of the fermented cassava agroindustry, analyze the risk level, and control the risks that exist. The risks to the fermented cassava agroindustry include raw material risk, production process risk, marketing risk, and financial risk. The study was conducted in Jember Regency, East Java province, Indonesia. Risk analysis uses an integration approach between the level of risk violence and the possibility of risk events as a function, which can be visualized into a graph that shows the level of industry risk, including "low risk", "medium risk", and "high risk". Risk control in each type of fermented cassava agroindustry risk uses the Analytical Hierarchy Process technique. The results of the study show that 15 types of risks have been identified in the fermented cassava agroindustry. Based on the risks in the fermented cassava agroindustry, no one is included in the "high risk" category. It can be interpreted that the fermented cassava agroindustry is not a high-risk industry. The risk of the fermented cassava agroindustry being classified as “medium risk” include the availability of raw materials, continuity of raw materials, quality of raw materials, and number of competitors. At the risk of raw material availability, the control effort that can be taken is to make a partnership with suppliers. In the risk of continuity of raw materials, the control effort that can be taken is to improve the performance of the cassava supply chain. In the risk of quality of raw materials, the control effort that can be taken is to improve cassava cultivation and post-harvest techniques. In the risk of the number of competitors, the control effort that can be taken is to increase the promotion of fermented cassava.

Keywords
fermented cassava, fermented cassava agroindustry, risk management, raw material risk, production process risk, marketing risk, financial risk

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/fBYknqPzCeTK


Risk measurement of supply chain for soy sauce products
Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi (1*) and Fatimatur Rahmawati (1)

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Corresponding Author
Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi

Institutions
1. Departement of Agro-industrial Technology
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
Brawijaya University
Jalan Veteran, Malang, 65145, Indonesia

* ardaneswari[at]ub.ac.id

Abstract
Soy sauce is one of the fermented soybean products that is widely used as a food flavoring because it has a distinctive taste and aroma. The high demand for soy sauce requires Company X as one of the soy sauce producers in Indonesia to ensure that consumer needs are always met. Therefore, company X need the help of many stakeholders, including suppliers and distributors to support the continuity of production. These stakeholders are interconnected in a supply chain system. With the many members involved in that supply chain system, company X needs to maintain optimal performance, one of which is by applying supply chain risk management. The aims of this study are to identify and analyze supply chain risk in the soy sauce production process in company X. Firstly, all activities carried out by supply chain members are mapped using the Supply Chain Operational Reference (SCOR) approach. Secondly, the potential risk of these activities was analyzed using the House of Risk Phase 1 (HOR-1) method. 21 risk events and 19 risk agents have been identified based on the SCOR approach and HOR-1 method. Furthermore, the results of risk identification are analyzed using the Aggregate Risk Potential (ARP) method to obtain a priority rank of risks. The results show that there are 5 priorities of risk agents that need to be mitigated, namely human error, products that are not in accordance with orders, power outages, variations in raw materials, and disruptions during product delivery.

Keywords
ARP, HOR-1, Risk management, SCOR, soy sauce.

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/QLdCZ4v8Pq9G


Sustainability Risk Management in The Agri-Food Supply Chain: A Literature Review
Annisa U Choirun (1*), Imam Santoso (1), Retno Astuti (1)

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Corresponding Author
Annisa U Choirun

Institutions
1)Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology,
University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
Maintaining an effective risk management procedure can counterbalance a critical effect on supply chains. The Agri-food supply chain has characteristics that are unique and complex if compared with a conventional supply chain.Sustainability risk management in the supply chain is the key to a competitive organization in the long term. The aim of this paper is to review current research on sustainable risk management in the Agri-food industry chain. These reviews were arranged in steps systematically, ranging from searching related to review of supply chain sustainability risk management (SCSRM), reviewing the general framework of SCSRM and the framework of Agri-food SCSRM. Selection of literature review papers in the period 2010-2019, and obtained 30 papers. Risk aspects were analyzed using a multi-dimensional approach (economic, social, environmental, technical, and institutional) that influences the sustainability of the Agri-food industry. The results show that there are few studies focusing on risk management to achieve a sustainable supply chain system. Some studies only focus on Triple Bottom Line elements (economic, social, and environmental). Sometimes, these studies do not consider risks from other elements such as technical and institutional aspects that can be influence the sustainability of the Agri-food industry. Technical aspects such as the reliability of technological systems and institutional aspects as policymakers support sustainability in a business process. The contribution of this paper is to provide an initial theoretical framework to guide researchers in analyzing risk through a multi-dimensional approach to sustainability.

Keywords
Agri-food industry, risk management, sustainability

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/g9zLmyYah2XU


THE CALCULATION OF MATERIAL HANDLING COST IN THE ICE CREAM PRODUCTION IN PT. XYZ
Ahmad Syihab Fahmil Qowim Romadhon-Mubarok dan Theressa Angela Natasha

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Corresponding Author
Ahmad Syihab Fahmil Qowim Romadhon Mubarok

Institutions
Agroindustrial Technology, Brawijaya University

Abstract
Ice cream is frozen food derived from dairy products which are much in demand, especially children. PT. XYZ is one of the companies engaged in the field of ice cream food. The purpose of this study was to understand the implementation of material handling management at PT. XYZ especially in the calculation of material handling cost. Material handling process on cone ice cream products at PT. XYZ is the transfer of raw materials starting from the acceptance of raw materials to the storage of products in warehouse semi-finished goods. The material handling of cone ice cream includes details of process and displacement, machine and equipment used, layout, and calculation of material handling cost. By knowing the details of the correct material process, we could clearly know the material transfer from the raw material to the cone product that is ready for the ice cream filling process, resulting in good ice cream cone. The layout type applied in this industry is Product layout, while based on the analysis of material handling cost known material handling cost was Rp 7,344,5 / m,

Keywords
Ice cream, Material Handling, Material Handling Cost

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/bv6FMj3uQA9T


The optimisation of Fresh Apple Inventory by using Multi-Supplier Basnet-Leung Model (Case Study in X Supermarket, Indonesia)
Wike Agustin Prima Dania (a*), Rizky Luthfian Ramadhan Silalahi (a), Rediana Novia Yasinta (a)

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Corresponding Author
Wike Agustin Prima Dania

Institutions
Agroindustrial Technology Department, Faculty of Agricultural Technology
University of Brawijaya
Jl. Veteran No 1 Malang, East Java, Indonesia
wikedania[at]ub.ac.id

Abstract
Apple as one of the fresh fruit commodities needs specific treatment in material handling to keep the freshness of the product from farm to the consumers. One of the critical process to maintain the quality of the product is the inventory system. Inventory is one of the major cost components in the production system. Therefore, the inventory system must be controlled to propose the optimal inventory level at the minimum cost. The objective of this paper is to minimise the inventory costs of apple inventory in one of supermarket in Indonesia by using a multi-supplier Basnet-Leung formulation model since the retailer replenishes his inventory from several suppliers. This model allows the system to apply multi-product, multi-period lot sizing and multi-suppliers. The result shows by comparing the costs components between the current company inventory system and the proposed Basnet Leung inventory system; the total cost is reduced up to 40.68%. It results in the total saving in purchasing costs, ordering costs, and holding costs up to 43.20%, 6.44%, and 45.99% respectively. To sum up, controlling the inventory level by using Basnet Leung model will result in a more effective way of purchasing management.

Keywords
Inventory control; Basnet and Leung; multi-supplier

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/QxCtyJmf73wd


The risk assessment analysis of corn chips supply chain using Fuzzy FMEA
Siti Asmaul Mustaniroh (a)*; Fairuza AIKM (b);Rizky LRS (c)

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Corresponding Author
Siti Asmaul Mustaniroh

Institutions
(a) Department of Agroindustrial Technology and Reseach Group of Creative Agroindustry , Faculty of Agrotechnology, Universitas Brawijaya, Jalan Veteran, Malang 65145; asmaul_m[at]yahoo.com

(b) Research Team in Reseach Group of Creative Agroindustry, Faculty of Agrotechnology, Universitas Brawijaya,

(c) Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agrotechnology, Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract
Lembah Hijau is one of the SMEs which produces corn chips in Lamongan District. This SME cooperates with corn farmer and retailer who joined the supply chain of corn chips. The uncertainty of the maize cropping pattern, the production process that depends on weather conditions, and the demand for fluctuating corn chips are the factors that can trigger a variety of risks. The research objective was to identify and assessment for the risk of corn chips- supply chain in Lembah Hijau to mitigate the risk. The method used to assess the risk is Fuzzy FMEA by using the questionnaires which were filled by five expert respondents. The raw material, production process and marketing are the variables that will be reviewed. The results showed that by identifying the risk of corn chip chips supply chain, 14 risks consisting of 3 risks in the raw material variable, 6 risks in the production process variable and 5 risks in the marketing variables were found. The risk that can be known based on the highest FRPN value in the raw material variable is the fluctuation of corn price. Meanwhile, the risk in the production process variable is the weather conditions that do not support the production process and the risk in the marketing variable is the return of corn chips product.

Keywords
Corn Chips, Risk Assessment, Supply Chain

Topic
AGROINDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/w4FjGDanTRfB


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