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Abstract Topic: Animal Nutrition and feed technology

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Addition of Aloevera Powder (Aloe barbadensis Miller) with Different Levels to Digestive Tract Length and The Rate of Digesta Broiler
Helnida Adriani Tahir(*), A. Mujnisa, Jamilah

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Corresponding Author
Helnida Adriani Tahir

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
*helnidadriani[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Broiler chickens is a type of chicken that has a fast growth rate and requires large amounts of nutrients absorbed from feed. Absorption of nutrients in the feed requires the function of a good digestive tract to optimize the digestive process. The digestive process also requires optimal time in absorption of feed nutrients called the digesta rate. The purpose of this study was to determine the right level of addition aloe vera powder to the length of digestive tract and the rate of digesta broiler. This study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications, namely P0: feed without aloe vera powder (control), P1: feed + 0.075% aloe vera powder, P2: feed + 0,1% aloe vera powder and P3: feed + 0,125% aloe vera powder. The treatment had a significant effect on the jejenum length and digesta rate. But it had no significant effect on the duodenum length and the ileum lenght. The jejenum length was significantly different in treatment P1 of 85.50 cm and P3 of 83.75 cm when compared to treatment P0 of 73.25 cm. Digesta rate was significantly different from the P3 treatment was 259 minutes when compared to the control treatment (P0) 200 minutes. The results of the study showed that the addition of aloe vera powder with the best level was at the level of 0.125% (P3) which optimizes the jejenum length and the rate of digesta broiler. The conclusion is that the addition of aloe vera powder with a level of 0.125% in broiler feed can optimize the length of jejenum and increase the rate of digestion

Keywords
Aloe vera powder; duodenum; ileum; jejenum; the rate of digesta

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KYrjLyvgqG6M


ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL REGION DEVELOPMENT OF BEEF CATTLE IN BIMA REGENCY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE
1. Muh. Sayudin, 2. Jasmal A Syamsu and 3. Syahriani Syahrir

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Corresponding Author
Muh Sayudin

Institutions
1Postgraduate Program of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University.
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
1Postgraduate Program of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University.
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.

Abstract
ABSTRACT This research to analisis the potential of the sector base and non-base population development of beef cattle in Bima Regency and determine the region that can be used as centers for beef cattle development based on the potential and carrying capacity of rice straw as a source of feed. This research is descriptive. Data collection is done by means of surveys, observations and direct interviews. Source of data comes from primary and secondary data (related institutions). Data were analyzed by analyzing the density of livestock areas, comparative advantage of cattle using the LQ method, and the status of beef cattle development areas. The results showed that the WPP area group consisted of Monta, Parado, Madapangga, Langgudu, Lambu and Soromandi Districts. WM regional groups namely Bolo, Belo, Palibelo, Wawo, Donggo and Tambora Districts. WP regional groups namely Woha, Sape, Wera and Ambalawi Districts. WPJ region group is Lambitu District.

Keywords
Potential Region, livestock Population, Beef Cattle, Bima Regency

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wyePdapcFmMx


ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF BLACK SOLDIER FLIES (Hermetia illucens. L) EXTRACT TOWARDS THE GROWTH OF Salmonella typhimurium, E.coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Fuji Astuty Auza1, Sri Purwanti2, Jasmal A. Syamsu2, Asmuddin Natsir2

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Corresponding Author
Fuji Astuty Auza

Institutions
1Postgraduate Student Hasanuddin University, Makassar
2 Department of Animal Science Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Abstract
In addition to its high content in protein and lipid, Black soldier fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens. L) has antimicrobial peptides (AMP) that could inhibit the growth pathogenic microbes. Therefore BSF extract could be very potential in substituting the use of antibiotics in animal production system. This research was conducted to determine the antibacterial activity of BSF extract in vitro on the growth of Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa. The experiment was carried out according to the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of six treatments and three replications for each treatment. The treatments were different concentration levels of BSF extract, i.e. 75, 125, 175, 225, 275 and 325 mg.ml-1. Chloramphenicol with concentration of 30 µg.discs paper-1 was used as a positive control and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as a negative control. BSF extract was made using maceration extraction method. The antibacterial activity of BSF extract was determined by measuring the diameter of inhibitory zone (mm) formed around the discs paper following the 24 h of the incubation period. The results of this study indicated that the antibacterial activity of BSF extract increased (P<0.05) in line with the increase level of BSF extract concentration. The average diameter of the inhibition zone for Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa was 11.77 ± 0.03 mm, 11.15 ± 0.05 mm, and 11.15 ± 0.23 mm respectively, which was categorized as strong inhibition zone, even though was still lower compared to a very strong inhibiton zone of chloramphenikol, which was 14.74 ± 0.38 - 27.61 ± 0.35. In conclusion, the concentration of BSF extract of 325 mg.ml-1 is an effective concentration to inhibit the growth of the bacteria Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Pseudomonas aureginosa.

Keywords
BSF, antibacterial, Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli, Pseudomonas aureginosa

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/WfnTcFte4g8j


BOTANICAL COMPOSITION AND TYPE OF FEED VEGETATION OF GRAZING FIELD IN THE CAPTIVE BREEDING AREA FOR TIMOR DEER (Cervus timorensis)
Arifuddin M Sadik1, Damry1, Najamuddin1, and Toknok B2

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Corresponding Author
Sri Purwanti

Institutions
1Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Tadulako University
2Faculty of Forestry, Tadulako University

Abstract
A research has been conducted to determine the botanical composition and the type of feed vegetation of the grazing field of a captive breeding area for Timor deer (Cervus timorensis) at Wosu Village, Bungku Barat District, Morowali District, Central Sulawesi Province from July 23 until August 12, 2018. Forage samples were taken with a destructive sampling method using a pair of 1 x 1m frame. Vegetation sapling is carried out by using the method of grid lines, which using a quadrant with a size of 1 x 1 m for seedling level and 2 x 2 for the stake level. Dry matter content of the forage samples was analyzed at the Animal Nutrition and Feeding Laboratory, Tadulako University. Data were analyzed and results were presented descriptively. The results showed that the botanical composition of the was 83% grasses and 17% weeds. The grasses were dominated by Imperata cylindrica, Cyperus rotundus, Cyperus kyllingia Endl., and Paspalum conjugatum. The important value index for seedling level was Teki Grass (Cyperus rotundus L) with a value of 80.76% and Akar ketumpu (Maesa ramantacea) with a value of 51.90% at the stake level.

Keywords
Timor deer (Cervus timorensis), feed, captive breeding, botanical composition, feed vegetation

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KD4ygem2kVJP


Challenges of Using Feed Additives in Indonesia
Teddy Candinegara

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Corresponding Author
Teddy Candinegara

Institutions
Executive director at PT. Behn Meyer Chemicals, Indonesia

Abstract
Abstract. The use of feed additives can significantly improve the efficiency of animal production, including the possibility of feed cost reduction and alternative feed raw material use. The number and type of feed additives with different purpose are wide available and provide alternatives to users. However, there are obstacles faced by livestock owner whether feed additives chosen to fit according to their end target, as well as costs constrain. The challenges in the tropics such as in Indonesia are quite different especially after the government prohibit antibiotic growth promotor as feed additive. There have been many efforts to get the best material to replace this antibiotic growth promotor, but there is still no one that can replace it in terms of effectiveness and cost

Keywords
feed additive, tropic

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/HTjxmc7evPGz


Effect of Foliar Application and Mineral Fertilizer on Growth Parameters and Content Auxins, GA and CK in Cucumber leaves
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty Of Agriculture, University of Kufa , Iraq 2Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Qasim Green University, Babylon Province, Baghdad, Iraq 3 Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor. Malaysia 4 Department of Socio-econSabreen S.Toman 1, Duraid K.A. AL-Taey2, Abdel Razzaq Al-Tawaha2, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin4,ilham rasyid4, Ali A.d. Al-Hadi Hassan1omic of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasan

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Corresponding Author
Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin

Institutions
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty Of Agriculture, University of Kufa , Iraq
2Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Qasim Green University, Babylon Province, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor. Malaysia
4 Department of Socio-economic of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin
University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Abstract
The experiment was conducted in an unheated plastic house at Al- Abassia /Al-Najaf Governorate during autumn seasons of 2016. The objective of this work to study the effect of foliar and soil applied fertilizers on growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Siyff). Results indicated that: The foliar spray with 10ml L-1 of the liquid fertilizer was superior in all traits and studied gave the highest value in leaf area index (20.8) plant dry weight (40.9) g, IAA (185.85) mg kg-1, GA3 (187.2) mg kg-1, CK (178.1) mg kg-1. The treatment (F1) of mineral fertilizer was superior significantly in leaf area index (23.5)and plant dry weight (42.8) g. The treatment (F3) was superior in IAA (196.39) mg.kg-1 and GA3 (199.8) mg.kg-1, CK (196.1) mg kg-1. The results showed that the interaction treatment spraying foliar fertilizer at a concentration 10ml.L-1 and 50% of mineral fertilizer was superior significantly in IAA (211.83) mg.kg-1, GA3 (221.6) kg-1, CK (214.9) mg. kg-1.

Keywords
Foliar Application, Mineral Fertilizer, Cucumber, plant hormones, GA.Auxin, CK

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/EHZ6nwMfBTCK


Effect of orrally administreted of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seed juice on the performance and carcass parameters of broiler chickens
Jet Saartje Mandey*, Fenny R. Wolayan, Cherly J. Pontoh, Youdhie H.S. Kowel

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Corresponding Author
Jet Saartje Mandey

Institutions
Animal Nutrition Department, Animal Husbandry Faculty, Sam Ratulangi University

Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seed juice in drinking water on the performance and carcass parameters of broiler chickens. A total of 200 D.O.C of broilers were used for the research. The experiment utilized a completely randomized design in arrangement of four treatments. Each treatment was divided into 5 replications (10 birds each) drank from 8 to 35 d. The birds were housed in battery cages with ad libitum access to feed and water. The treatments were given cucumber seed juice at different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30 g per liter water, respectively). During which, feed intake, carcass yield, abdominal fat, giblet, blood LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol were measured. Data were subjected to the analysis of variance test followed by honestly significant difference test. Results showed that the diet with cucumber in drinking water was significantly decreased abdominal fat percentage, and increased blood LDL-cholesterol, but were no affected to final body weight, giblet and the value of blood HDL-cholesterol and kept the good value of carcass percentage. It can be concluded that cucumber seed juice in drinking water could be acceptable up to 30 g per liter water.

Keywords
Broiler, Carcass, Cucumber juice, Drinking water, Performance

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8YdQUmDCynb7


EFFECT OF THE DIFFERENT CLIPPING TIME ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF DWARF NAPIERGRASS ON MARGINAL LAND UNDER MANURE APPLICATION
Ahmad Wadi(a*), Darmawan(b), Harifuddin(a), Hadijah Hasyim(a), Fitriana Akhsan(a), Muh. Irwan(c)

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Corresponding Author
Ahmad Wadi Wadi

Institutions
(a) Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Department of Animal Husbandry, Polytechnic of Agriculture Pangkep State, Mandalle, Pangkep, 90655 Indonesia *awadi15[at]yahoo.co.id
(b) Laboratory of Climatology, Department of Plantation Crops, Polytechnic of Agriculture Pangkep State, Mandalle, Pangkep, 90655 Indonesia
(c) University of Muhammadiyah Sidenreng Rappang, Rappang, 91651 Indonesia

Abstract
The effect of the different clipping time on the yield and quality of Dwarf Napier grass under manure application were investigated in this experiment. In relation to plant growth and quality, the needs of grassland for fertilizer nutrients are influenced by the intensity of management, by whether the forage crop is harvested by clipping and the botanical composition of the forage crop. Manure contains essential plant nutrients and to use as a soil amendment for crop production is a practical method, so as to solve the disposal problem of livestock. Dwarf Napier grass as a perennial summer crop under the blocked design with 2 plants per meter square were applied to 3 levels of manure and 4 clipping times. The manure revealed so effective fertilizer to increase dry matter yield, and forage quality, especially in crude protein content and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) at the same clipping time with the increase in manure application level.

Keywords
Clipping time, manure, quality, yield

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/CNRdYkchUXQp


Efforts to Increase Body Condition Score of Beef Cows through the Feeding of Concentrates in Small Farms
Jasmal A Syamsu1, Muhammad Yusuf2, Hikmah M Ali2, Sahiruddin2, Zulkharnaim2, Mawardi A Asja3

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Corresponding Author
JASMAL AHMARI SYAMSU

Institutions
1Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, 90245, Makassar, Indonesia
2Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, 90245, Makassar, Indonesia
3Center for Research and Development of Natural Resources, Hasanuddin University 90245, Makassar, Indonesia
*Corresponding author: jasmals[at]yahoo.com ; jasmal.syamsu[at]unhas.ac.id

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the body condition score (BCS) of beef cows after feeding using concentrate in small farms. The research was carried out in five locations namely Barru, Bone, Gowa, Takalar and Bantaeng Districts, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia from September to December 2017. A total of 244 beef cows was fed forage in ad libitum and concentrate. The concentrate given was 2 kg / cow / day for 100 days with a crude protein content of 14%. The variables observed were the initial and final BCS observations using a scale of 1-5, and measurement of chest circumference. The results showed that the initial BCS value of the study was score 1 = 2.05%, score 2 = 22.95%, score 3 = 50.41%, score 4 = 22.54%, and score 5 = 2.05%. After feeding the concentrate, there was an improvement in body condition score (BCS) as indicated by an increase in BCS values, namely score 2 = 4.10%, score 3 = 31.56%, score 4 = 49.59%, and score 5 = 14.75%. The average chest circumference of beef cows showed differ significantly (p <0.05) between the beginning of the study 146.92 ± 12.39 cm and the end of the study 152.26 ± 12.29 cm.

Keywords
body condition score, beef cow, small farm

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/G4cpzeKrPNnv


Feed Resources, Feeding System Innovations for The Sustainable Livestock Production
Metha Wanapat

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Irfan1 Said

Institutions
Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

Abstract
Abstract. Many contributable factors have combined impacts on the efficient productivity of livestock raised under the integrated-farming system. The roles of livestock are far precious to assess, not only socio-economically but utmost importantly, is the close engagement with the well-being and their livelihood associated with any livestock production systems, for the rural farmers, as shown in the global scenario. Engagement and processes involved by stakeholders especially the farmers or producers are mandatorily required for the smart paradigms to ensure for the production efficiency. As the global population is climbing to reach about 8.5 and 10 billion in the years 2030 and 2050, respectively, more protein foods and products are urgently required to meet the consumption demand. Remarkable increases of meat, milk and egg consumptions are anticipated to be at least 70% of the current amount. Feed resources both conventionally and unconventionally, available seasonally, especially roughages and those of agricultural crop-residues are important in the feeding systems. Their quantity and quality will greatly impact on the livestock production. Feeding system innovations encompassing type of feeds, nutritive values, level of use, processing technology, as well as feeding practices to ensure the production efficiency profitability and the sustainability are required for implementations. Such an approach, the food-feed-system (FFS) has been potentially demonstrated to support the livestock system. Improving and processing of feeds for seasonal shortage of some leguminous feeds could be successfully exploited and intervened. Furthermore, innovations to provide the rumen microbiomes for the efficient fermentation to support meat and milk production warrant more practical pursuits. Improvements of capacity building along with human resource development associated with livestock production are necessarily required.

Keywords
Livestock, feeding innovations, productivity

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/dcjXgDuvUbxr


GROWTH CHARACTER OF DWARF NAPIERGRASS ON MIXED CROPPING SYSTEM AT ESTABLISHED YEAR
Churriyah, A.N1*., R.F. Utamy2., and S. Hasan2

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Corresponding Author
A NIMAHTUL CHURRIYAH

Institutions
1 Postgraduate Program, Animal Science and Technology Department, University of Hasanuddin.
*imhachurriyah29[at]gmail.com
2 Faculty of Animal Science, University of Hasanuddin

Abstract
Increasing of productivity of dwarf napiergrass as ruminant feed could be conducted with a mixed cropping system with legume such as centro. The object of this study was to determine the growth character of dwarf napiergrass planted with centro and distance of 0.5 m. The research was carried out for 4 months, using 5 treatments and 4 replications so that it requires 20 plots. The treatment consisted of P1 as 100% of dwarf napiergrass; P2 as 70% of dwarf napiergrass and 30% centro; P3 as 50% of dwarf napiergrass and 50% centro; P4 as 30% of dwarf napiergrass and 70% centro; and P5 as 100% of centro, respectively. The results showed that the treatment had not significantly affected (P > 0.05) growth characters neither plant height and tiller number of dwarf napiergrass, plant length and branches of centro, nor chlorophyll. Nevertheless, the treatment showed a tendency increased by the increased of measurement interval, not only dwarf napiergrass but also centro.

Keywords
plant height, plant length, chlorophyll, dwarf napiergrass, centro

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/xyf7gLjbCBVp


Growth characteristics of corn crop planted with mixed crop planting system with Arachis pintoi
A.N. Insani (a*), S. Nompo (b) A. Natsir (b)

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Corresponding Author
Andi Nur Insani

Institutions
a) Post Graduate Student, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia (90245)
*insaniandinur[at]gmail.com
b) Animal Nutrition Department, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia (90245)

Abstract
The study aims to identify the growth characteristics of corn crop under mixed crop planting system with Arachis pintoi. The study was carried out according to completely randomized design consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications for each treatment. The treatments were five different mixed crop planting model, namely P0 = Corn crop 100%; P1 = Corn crop 80% + A. pintoi 20%; P2 = Corn crop 50% + A. pintoi 50%; P3 = Corn crop 20% + A. pintoi 80%. The parameters observed in this study were plant height, leaf area, and number of chlorophyll of corn crop. The results of the study indicated that the average plant height of corn crop for each treatment was P0 = 142.72 cm, P1 = 143.00 cm, P2 = 152.20 cm, P3 = 123.00 cm. The average leaf area for each treatment was P0 = 819.25 cm2, P1= 871.48 cm2, P2 = 868.44 cm2, P3 = 793.22 cm2, and the average number of chlorophyll for each treatment was P0 = 39.84 unit, P1 = 41.84 unit, P2 = 41.30 unit, and P3 = 39.63 unit, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the treatments did not significantly affect (P>0.05) all the parameters. It can be concluded that using A. pintoi in the mixed crop planting system with corn crop had no significant benefits in terms of growth characteristics of the corn crop

Keywords
Arachis pintoi, chlorophyll, corn crop, mixed crop planting, plant height

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hcmxDj6YvWQ4


In Vitro Digestibility of Fermented Rice Straw Combined With Different Levels of Green Concentrate
Abdul Hakim Fattah1,2, Jasmal A. Syamsu3, A. Natsir3, Syamsuddin Garantjang4

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Corresponding Author
Abdul Hakim Fattah

Institutions
1Animal Husbandry Study Program, Muhammadiytah School of Agriculture (STIP Muhammadiyah), Sinjai, Indonesia (92615)
2Postgraduate School, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia (90245)
3Animal Nutrition Department, Faculty of Animal of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia 90245
4Animal Production Department, Faculty of Animal of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia 90245

Abstract
ABSTRACT One way to further improving the nutritive value of fermented rice straw (FRS) is by combining it with a high-quality feedstuff such as green concentrate. The purpose of this study was to assess the in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of FRS mixed with different levels of green concentrate prepared from different legume trees. The study was carried out according to a completely randomized design consisting of 10 treatments and three replications. The treatments were C = 100% FRS (control), A1 = 90% FRS + 10% Gamal meal, A2 = 80% FRS + 20% Gamal meal, A3 = 70% FRS+ 30% Gamal meal; B1 = 90% FRS + 10% Lamtoro meal, B2 = 80% FRS + 20% Lamtoro meal, B3 = 70% FRS + 30% Lamtoro meal, C1 = 90% FRS + 10% Indigofera meal, C2 = 80% FRS + 20% Indigofera meal, and C3 = 70% FRS + 30% Indigofera meal. Data analysis indicated that IVDMD and IVOM of FRS (control) was much less (P<0.05) than those of FRS combined with green concentrate. Among the green concentrate treatments, the IVDMD and IVOMD of FRS mixed with either lamtoro or gamal meal were less (P<0.05) than those of FRS combined with indigofera meal, while IVDMD and IVOMD of FRS + gamal meal were similar (P>0.05) to those of FRS + lamtoro meal. Within each legume meal, the IVDMD and IVOMD significantly increased (P<0.05) as the level of legume meal in the mixture increased. In conclusion, the nutritive value of fermented rice straw could be boosted through substituting some of the FRS with green concentrate and among three different legume meals used as green concentrate, the use of indigofera meal resulting in the highest improvement in terms of IVDMD and IVOMD compared with the use either gamal or lamtoro meal.

Keywords
in vitro dry matter digestibility, in vitro organic matter, fermented rice straw, gamal, lamtoro, indigofera

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ctjCvF7Byw2k


In Vitro Gas Profile Of Dairy Goat Basal Diet Added With Coleus amboinicus lour Extracted With Different Solvents
M. Afdal; Darlis; Adriani

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Afdal

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Jambi

Abstract
The aim of this study was to reveal the in vitro gas profile of basal diet added with Coleus amboinicus lour (CAL). The basal diet was added with CAL extracted with different solvent of each water and ethanol. Two percent of extract was added into the basal diet. There were four treatments of this experiment namely P0: basal diet (control), P1: basal diet added with 2 % of CAL powder, P2: basal diet added with 2 % of CAL extracted with water, P3 basal diet added with 2 % of CAL extracted with ethanol. Each sample was incubated for 48 h following the Reading Gas technique methods with slight modification. Gas was collected at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 18, 36 and 48 h. The parameters measured were the total gas production (P), potential gas production (b) and rate of gas production (c). The results of this experiment showed that P and b were significant (P<0.05) different. The total gas production was 144.50, 109.06, 154.95 and 55.21 ml/g for P0, P1, P2 and P3 respectively and b was 128.88, 101.10, 117.05 and 80.76 ml/g for P0, P1, P2 and P3 respectively. The value of c was not significant (P>0.05) among four treatments. The value of c was 0.06, 0.06, 0.05 and 0.05 for P0, P1, P2 and P3 respectively. It could be concluded that the use of water to extract CAL was the best among four treatments.

Keywords
gas profile; dairy; goat; Coleus; in vitro

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ACJGEth6yuwQ


Indigofera zollingeriana biomass production at different prunning intervals
Marhamah Nadir

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Corresponding Author
Dwi Suprapto

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, 90245 Makassar

Abstract
Indigofera is a legume which is a high productivity crop compared to other legume plants and high nutrient content. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of prunning intervals on Indigofera production which includes the number of leaves and branches, fresh weight, dry weight and dry matter Indigofera zollingeriana. Planting and sampling of Indigofera zollingeriana was carried out in Belabori Village, Parangloe District, Gowa Regency. This research was conducted in March - May 2019. Plants used as samples were cutted early at 3 months, with prunning intervals according to treatment. The experimental design used in this study was a randomized block design (RBD) with 3 treatments and 4 groups. The treatment arrangements used are P1: 40 days prunning interval (P1), 60 days prunning interval (P2) and 80 days prunning interval (P3). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and DMRT test. The results of the analysis of variance showed that the trimming interval time of 40 days, 60 days and 80 days had a significant effect ((P <0.05) on the number of leaves, number of stems and weight of the dry matter. But the effect was not significant (P> 0.05) on fresh weight and dry weight, it was concluded that the longer of cutting time interval will produce higher biomass.

Keywords
Indigofera zollingeriana, pruning intervals, biomass production, Belabori villages

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/GhVdburR7JQN


Influence of different vermicomost levels on growth, yield and quality of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench )
Budiman Nohong, Rinduwati and Muhammad Yusuf

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Corresponding Author
Budiman Budiman

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Science
Hasanuddin Universiy

Abstract
Influence of different vermicomost levels on growth, yield and quality of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ) Budiman Nohong1), Rinduwati1) and Muhammad Yusuf2) 1) Forage Crops and Pasture Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Scienec Hasanuddin University 2) Forestry Extension Agencies, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vermicompost fertilizer level on growth, dry matter yield and quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. The experiments were arranged in a randomized block design consisting of four treatments and three replications.The utilized four levels of the vermicompost fertilizer were 0 (P0), 5.000 (P1), 10.000 (P2) and 15.000 kg vermicompost/ha (P3), respectively. The variables in this study included the plant height, dry matter yield, crude protein, crude fiber, NDF and ADF. The results showed that if the vermicompost fertilizer dosage was increased the plant height, dry matter yield and crude protein would increase, but did not affect the crude fiber, NDF and ADF. Regrowth (ratoon) influences plant height and dry matter yield, while crude protein and crude fiber and ADF have no effect. It can be concluded that applying vermicompost fertilizer significantly increased growth, dry matter yield and significantly affected crude protein, while regrowth resulted in lower growth and dry matter yield. Keyword : Dry matter, Growth, Quality, Sorghum, Vermicompost fertilizer

Keywords
Dry matter, Growth, Quality, Sorghum, Vermicompost fertilizer

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BvmZ7wfnWNCQ


Liquid Smoke Supplementation in Coconut Water Multi-Nutrient Block to Nutrient Consumption of Quail
A. Mujnisa*, Farna Wijaya, Etty

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Corresponding Author
A. Mujnisa

Institutions
Animal Husbandry Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, 90235 Indonesia
*a.mujnisae[at]yahoo.co.id

Abstract
This study aims to determine the effect of Liquid Smoke Addition in Coconut Water Multinutrient Block (CWMB) to quail on the nutrient consumption such as crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat and nitrogen-free extract. The treatments consisted of P0: control AkMB ration without liquid smoke addition; P1: CWMB ration with 0.25% liquid smoke, P2: CWMB ration with 0.50% liquid smoke, P3: CWMB ration with 0.75% liquid smoke. The data obtained were analyzed with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. The results showed that the effect of liquid smoke in the CWMB ration significantly affected (P <0.05) the consumption of crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat and nitrogen-free extract. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the addition of liquid smoke in the CWMB ration at different levels affected the quail consumption and nitrogen-free extract. The best results obtained in the 0.75% liquid smoke supplementation (P3) that can increase consumption of crude protein and crude fiber in quails. However, the addition of liquid smoke at 0.25-0.75% to CWMB ration can increase quails crude fat consumption and nitrogen-free extract.

Keywords
CWMB ration, liquid smoke, quail

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/pjYfBmTav6Ae


Nano Bubble Technology in Sinbiotic Production for Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries by the Binary Small Business Group
1*Yushinta Fujaya, 1Siti Aslamyah, 2Dwi Kesuma Sari, 3Gusman

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Irfan Said

Institutions
1Fisheries Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km 10, Tamalanrea, Makassar, South Sulawesi Indonesia;
2 Veterinary Medicine Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalanrea, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
3 Binari, Jl. Jl. Borong raya, Perumahan Graha Jannah Land 1 Blok A3 No. 3, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Abstract
This activity aims to carry out the process of dissolving oxygen improved in a synbiotic mass culture media using nano buble injectors conducted by the BINARI small business group under the supervision of Hasanuddin University. Synbiotics are used by fish farmers, breeders, and farmers to enhance growth, immunity in fish and shrimp, and host resistance to pathogenic infections. Observations were made in January - August 2019. The results of the activity showed an increase in synbiotic production thereby increasing sales and expanding the marketing area. Before using Nano Buble Technology, this group only supplied 8 regencies-cities totaling 289 L synbiotics (January-April). After using nano buble technology, production increased to 709 L and supplied 13 districts-cities (May-August). The three regions with the highest demand for synbiotics are Soppeng Regency (262 L), Palopo City (142 L), and Sidrap Regency (110 L). To increase sales and expand marketing, it is necessary to socialize and promote to other areas in South Sulawesi and Surrounding Areas.

Keywords
-

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8Jhyn6mVMpRc


Nutrient Content and Characterization Bioactive Compounds of Goroho Banana (Musa acumunafe sp) Stem Meal Fermented with Trichoderma viride as Feed Alternative Broiler Chickens
Marie Najoan, (*) Fenny R Wolayan,(b) Florencia N.Sompie (b)

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Corresponding Author
Marie Najoan

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Husbandry
Sam Ratulangi University

Abstract
The aim of this research was to determine the nutrient content and characterize bioactive compounds of Goroho banana (Musa acumunafe sp) stem meal fermented with Trichoderma viride. Parameter meassured were: proximate analysis, amino acid, phytochemical, antioxidant potency of goroho banana (Musa acumunafe sp) stem meal fermented. Data were analyzed by descriptive method. Results showed that crude protein 4.86%, crude fiber 22,03, crude fat 0.94, Ca 0.42, P 0.18 and gross energy 3156,67 Kkal/kg. Amino acid were HPLC analysis demonstrated that was composed of 16 amino acids. Seven of them were essential amino acids; lysine (0.41 %) histidine (0.23 %), leucine (0.56 %), threonine (1.13 %), valine (0.11%), methionine (0.11 %), isoleucine (0.41 %), phenylalanine (0.39 %), and nine of them were non-essential amino acids; serine (0.31 %), aspartic acid (0.56 %), arginine (1.13 %), proline (0.38 %), glutamic acid (0.70 %), glycine (0.33 %), alanine (0.34 %), and tyrosine (0.30 %). Phytochemical screening by color visualization showed the presence of flavonoid 0.06 % (w/w) and analisys by tritrimetry tannin 0.01 % (w/w). Vitamin C and Vitamin E compound analysed by HPLC was Vitamin C ( Ascorbat acid ) 437 mg/ kg and Vitamin E (Tocoferol) < 0.01 mg/100 gram. It can be concluded that Goroho banana (Musa acumunafe sp) stem meal fermented with Trichoderma viride can be used as feed alternative.

Keywords
Keywords: goroho banana stem, nutrients, bioactives, feed alternative

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/c6LBnkNd4Zqu


NUTRITION CONTENT OF COCOA POD FERMENTED WHITE ROT FUNGI ISOLATE FROM WOOD AND RICE STRAW
Jamila Mustabi, Harfiah and Awal Setiawan

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Corresponding Author
Jamila Mustabi

Institutions
Hasanuddin University

Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10 Kampus Unhas Tamalanrea 90245

Abstract
This study aims to determine the content of crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, and NFE cocoa pods of fermented using white rot fungi isolates from wood and rice straw. This study used white rot fungi isolates from wood and rice straw. The design used is a Completely Randomized Design consisting of 3 treatments repeated 5 times, namely A (Cocoa pod without fermentation), B (Cocoa pod fermented fungus isolates from wood), and C (Cocoa pod fermented fungus isolates from rice straw). Analysis of variance showed that the treatment had a very significant effect (P <0.01) on crude protein and crude fiber and had no significant effect (P> 0.05) on crude fat and NFE of cocoa pod. Fermentation of cocoa pods using white rot fungi isolates from wood can increase crude protein content by 5.30% and reduce crude fiber by 12.54% to 19.35%. Fermentation treatment using white rot fungi isolates from wood is better than isolates from rice straw. The isolates can improved the nutritional quality of the pod cocoa compared to fermentation using isolates from rice straw.

Keywords
White rot fungi isolates, wood, rice straw

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/v3tm8QW7qf2D


Nutritive value of banana steam with aplicative technology tricoderma sp. as ruminants feed
Rohmiyatul Islamiyati

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Corresponding Author
Rohmiyatul Islamiyati

Institutions
a. Faculty of animal science, Hasanuddin University Jl.Perintis Kemerdekaan KM.10, Makassar 90245, Indonesia *rohmiyatul_islamiyati[at]ymail.com

Abstract
Ruminant livestock production is highly dependent on the availability of feed. The problem in ruminant production in Indonesia is the difficulty of meeting the continuous availability of feed especially the dry season. Banana steam is an alternative feed for ruminant a lot of but low in nutrition content. The aim of this study was to determine the content of nutritive value of banana steam treated with applicative technology Trichoderma sp. as ruminant feed. The experimental design was used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 3 replications. The level of Trichoderma sp., namely 2.5%, 5.0% and 7.5%. The steam of banana was incubated during two weeks. Analysis of variance showed that the level of Trichoderma sp. not significantly effect (P >0.05) on crude protein and neutral detergent fiber (NDF). The higher levels of Trichoderma sp. tendency increased content of crude protein and decreased of NDF

Keywords
Trichoderma sp., nutritive value, banana steam

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wDj2YKrNT8hW


Performance and Characteristics of Digestive Tract Organs Given Indigofera zollingeriana Leaf Meal and Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) on Japanese Quail
Sri Purwanti*, Laily Agustina, Agus Siswoyo and Imanuddin Ahmadi

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Corresponding Author
Sri Purwanti

Institutions
Departement of Animal and Feed Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi, Indonesian Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10 Tamalanrea Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract
Feed material that can be used as a substitute for soybean meal for quail livestock, one of which is Indigofera zollingeriana flour which has a crude protein content of 22-29% and turmeric added as natural antibiotics can increase quail performance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal as substitution of soybean meal and turmeric added as a substitute for antiobiotic on quail performance and the characteristics of the optimal digestive system. One hundred and sixty Japanese quail (Coturnix-coturnix japonica), at 7 weeks old were used in this study and kept in insulation cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four dietary treatments and five replications. Control diet, without Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal and turmeric meal (P0), Substitute 6% soybean meal protein with 10% Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal and 2,5% turmeric meal (P1), Substitute 9% soybean meal protein with 15 % Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal and 2,5% turmeric meal (P2), Substitute 12% soybean meal protein with 20 % Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal and 2,5% turmeric meal. The ration used was isoprotein (20%) and isoenergy (2800 kcal kg-1). Variable observed were feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion, carcass percentages and the length and weight of the digestive tract. The result of this study was no significant among treatments (P>0.05) for feed intake, feed conversion, carcass percentages and digestive tract organs. However, body weight gains significant increased (P<0.05) were P2 not deferent with P0, P1, and P3, but P1 and P3 deferent bigger than P0. The conclusion of this study was substitute soybean meal protein with Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal and turmeric meal can increased quail body weight gain.

Keywords
Quail, Indigofera zollingeriana, turmeric, digestive tract, performance

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AXLhqw6GteaV


Potential Legumes on the Quality and Nitrogen Economic Value of Setaria Grass (Setaria anceps stapf)
Rinduwati*, A. Mujnisa

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Corresponding Author
Rinduwati Rinduwati

Institutions
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
*rinduwatit[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
This study aims to determine the effect of several types of legume on biomass, protein content and nitrogen economic value of cetaria grass. This Study was arranged by Randomized Block Design (RBD) consisted of 5 groups with area of 408 m2 (17x24 m) and divided into 25 plots with each plot 3x4 meters. The treatments of the study consisted of L0: Setaria anceps stapf; L1: intercropping of Setaria anceps stapf and Centrosema pubescens; L2: intercropping of Setaria anceps stapf and Clitoria ternatea; L3: intercropping of Setaria anceps stapf and Dioclea quanensis; L4: Fertilizing Urea 20 kg N/ha. The results shows that the L2 gives the highest economic value of nitrogen compared to L1 and L3 treatment.

Keywords
Legume, quality, economic value, nitrogen, Setaria

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wdPzukFUrhTD


Potential Study and Utilization of Red Fruit Peels (Pandanus Conoideus Lam) As Feed Additive for Native Chicken Production
Desni T.R. Saragih1, Jasmal A. Syamsu2, Sri Purwanti2, Wempie Pakiding2

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Corresponding Author
Sri Purwanti

Institutions
1Ph.D. student of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University.
2Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University

Abstract
Application of the use of red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam) as a feed additive because it has antioxidant properties and as a preventive disease drug, so it needs to be developed. The purpose of this review is to examine the use of red fruit peels as feed additives for native chickens. Literature study conducted by reviewing several journals with the results of the study showed that the use of red fruit peels in poultry is still limited to broilers. Red fruit has known properties as a cancer-preventing drug, hypertension, diabetes, and even HIV. Red fruit contains beta-carotene, tocopherol, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. Also contains unsaturated fatty acids, namely oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, decanoic, omega 3 and omega 9. Parts used only in fruit juice, oil and red fruit pulp, while the skin has not been utilized. Thus, the use of red fruit peels in free-range chickens as feed additives will provide new treasures in science and prospects for local, regional, national and even international sluggish poultry fields.

Keywords
feed additive, antioxidant, native chicken, red fruit

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/v9dXfKar4k8h


Provision of Indigofera zollingeriana and Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) in Quail Rations on In Vitro Value of Dry Matter and Protein Digestibility
Dwi Suprapto, Sri Purwanti* and Laily Agustina

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Corresponding Author
Sri Purwanti

Institutions
Departement of Animal and Feed Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi, Indonesian Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10 Tamalanrea Makassar, Indonesia.
email: sripurwanti1392[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Animal husbandry development has an important role in the effort to meet the needs of animal protein in the community. Digestion of feed substances is one of the benchmarks in determining the quality of feed ingredients, in addition to their chemical composition. To study digestibility and fermentation in the digestive tract, a very successful and widely used method is In-vitro technique. Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) is plant that pledged as additive feed group fitobiotik at poultry. Indigofera zollingeriana is a legume plant that has the potential as a feed ingredient for protein sources with high protein content along with relatively low fiber content and high digestibility rate. This plant is very good as a source of forage feed in poultry. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The composition of the research treatment was as follows: without TPDI and turmeric flour (P0), substituting 6% soybean meal protein with 10% TPDI and 2.5% turmeric flour (P1), substituting 9% soybean meal protein with 15% TPDI and 2, 5% turmeric flour (P2), 12% substitution of soybean meal protein with 20% TPDI and 2.5% turmeric flour (P3). Changes observed were dry matter digestibility and protein digestibility. The results showed that the substitution of soybean meal protein with Indigofera zollingeriana shoot flour at different levels and addition of turmeric significantly affected dry matter digestibility and protein digestibility (P <0.05). The average digestibility of dry matter P1 gave a significantly lower difference with P2 and P3 (P <0.05) and in P3 protein digestibility the difference was significantly lower with P0 and P1 (P <0.05). The conclusion of this study is that the administration of Indigofera zollingeriana at the level of 10% and 2.5% turmeric was able to improve dry matter digestibility by 84.96% and protein digestibility by 35.99%.

Keywords
Indigofera zollingeriana, Turmeric, Dry matter digestibility, Protein digestibility

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/TBLMKpAC9az4


Quality crude protein and crude fiber wafer complete feed based on rice straw fermented with Effective microorganism (EM-4)
Najmah Ali1*, Suhartina2, Anis Muktiani3, Eko Pangestu3 12Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Fishery, Universitas Sulawesi Barat, Jl. Prof. Dr. Baharuddin Lopa, S.H., Baurung, Banggae Timur, Majene 91412, Indonesia. 3 Faculty of Animal and Agriculture Sciences, Diponegoro University, Tembalang Campus, Semarang 50275, Indonesia.

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Corresponding Author
Najmah Ali

Institutions
Universitas Sulawesi Barat

Abstract
Abstract. This study aims to determine the quality crude protein and crude fiber content of complete feed based on rice straw fermented with rations in Effective Microorganism (EM-4). This research has been carried out at the Laboratory of Feed Technology and Industry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, then proceed with proximate analysis at the Feed Nutrition Laboratory, lasting for 2 months. This study used an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications. with the following composition, T1 = 0% concentrate + (79% Fermented rice straw + 10% Bran + 10% Molasses + 1% Urea), T2 = 25% Concentrate + 75% T1, T3 = 50% Concentrate + 50% T1 and T4 = 75% Concentrate + 25% T1. The variables measured were dry matter, crude protein, and crude fiber. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and further tested by Duncans Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the quality of the complete proximate wafer content of rations could be improved by using rice straw as an effective Microorganism-4 fermented product. The quality of proximate content that is meant is dry matter, crude protein and reduction in crude fiber content.

Keywords
dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, rice straw, fermented product

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XHBNLxagMTuU


Substitution of Fish Meal with Larvae Meal Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) on The Performance of Quail
Muhammad Yusuf1, Sri Purwanti2 and A. Mujnisa2

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Yusuf

Institutions
1Postgraduate Program, Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science,
Hasanuddin University Makassar
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science,
Hasanuddin University Makassar
Email: muhammad.yusuf.c.spt[at]gmail.com

Abstract
BSF larvae meal contains protein which is very high so that it can be used as a protein source to replace fish meal. This study aims to determine how much the use of BSF larvae Meal in substituting fish meal for consumption, weight gain and feed conversion in quail. This study used 200 7-day-old female quails that were kept for 6 weeks 42 days with an average initial weight of ± 23 grams. This study uses a completely randomized design (CRD), which consists of 4 treatments and 5 replications. Using experimental ration: P0 Ration without addition of BSF larvae meal; P1 = BSF larvae meal 3.183% (6.67% crude protein of fish meal); P2 = BSF Larvae meal 6.370% (3.34% crude protein of fish meal); P3 = BSF Larvae meal 9.565% (0% crude protein of fish meal). The parameters measured were the amount of consumption, weight gain, quail carried out every week during the study and feed conversion rate as an indicator of the efficiency of ration use. The results showed that ration consumption and weight gain and feed conversion did not significant affect (P> 0.05) meaning that the substitution of fish meal with BSF to P3 larvae meal could be carried out without negatively affecting the performance of quails.

Keywords
Keywords: Black Soldier Fly. larvae, Appearance, Quail.

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Fvfu6wcLR3QT


Subtitution of Fish Meal With Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia illucens) Meal to Eggs Production and Physical Quality of Quail Eggs (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
Suparman1, Sri Purwanti2, N. Nahariah3

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Corresponding Author
suparman suparman

Institutions
1Postgraduate Program of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science,
Hasanuddin University Makassar
2Departement of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science,
Hasanuddin University Makassar
3Departement of Animal Food and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science,
Hasanuddin University Makassar
Email: fxsuparman69[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Abstract: This study aims to identify the effect of black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) meal addition to the quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) egg production and physical quality. The material used in this study was a 6-week-old female quail totaling 120 birds kept for 7 weeks.This study employed experimental method and Completely Randomizd Design (CRD). The addition of BSFL meal consisted of 4 different treatments with 5 replications of each treatment, namely P0: Ration without addition BSFL meal; P1: 3.18% BSFL meal (6.67% fish meal crude protein); P2: 6.37% BSFL meal (3.34% fish meal crude protein); P3: 9.56% BSFL meal (0% fish meal crude protein). The observed variables were egg production and physical quality of quail eggs. The results of the study indicated that BSFL meal addition in quail did not significantly affect (P <0.05) on egg weight, haugh unit, egg yolk index and egg yolk color. Conversely, the addition of BSFL meal significantly affected (P <0.05) on egg production and egg shell thickness. The egg production of treatment eggs P0 and P1 was significantly (P <0.05) higher than P2 and P3. Egg production of P0 and P1 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than P2 and P3. The eggshell thickness of P0, P1 and P2 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than P3. The addition of BSFL meal at the concentration of 9.56% subtituting 100% fish meal in quail feed did not affect negatively the egg weight, haugh unit, yolk index and yolk color.

Keywords
Black Soldier Fly, Egg quality, Quail, Egg production.

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JEk9tKFBZRra


Subtitution of Soybean Meal with Indigofera Zollingeriana on Performance of Egg Quality
Fajriansyah, Sri Purwanti, Jasmal A. Syamsu

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Corresponding Author
Dwi Suprapto

Institutions
Departement of Animal and Feed Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 10 Tamalanrea Makassar, Indonesian

Email: sripurwanti[at]unhas.ac.id

Abstract
The price of expensive protein feeds and the prohibition of using antibiotics make nutritionists look for solutions to their solutions. Indigofera zollingeriana powder (IzP) which has a high protein content and turmeric powder (TP) as a phytobiotic to alternative antibiotics has the potential to be used in feed. This study aims to look at the performance of eggs with the use of IzP which substitutes soybean meal added TP as an alternative to antibiotics into quail feed. This study used 80 quails ready to lay eggs. Study design with 4 treatments and 5 replications with each unit consisting of 4 quails. P0 ration treatment (without IzP + TP); P1 (10% IzP + 2.5% TP); P2 (15% IzP + 2.5% TP) and P3 (20% IzP + 2.5% TP). Variables observed were egg production, egg weight, yolk color and quail eggshell thickness. The results showed that administration of Indigofera zollingeriana shoots and turmeric powder had an influence on the performance of daily egg production and eggshell thickness containing 10% Indigofera zollingeriana shoots and 2.5% turmeric powder, but were not significantly different from egg weight and egg yolk color. The conclusion that with the addition of 10% IzP added 2.5% TP can improve egg production performance.

Keywords
Quail, Indigofera zollingeriana, turmericr, egg production, performance

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/fmK46VaJcnUr


The changes of chemical components of the corn cobs due to the application of biodecomposer developed from rumen bacterial of buffalo
A. Natsir, M. Nadir, S. Syahrir, A. Mujnisa

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Corresponding Author
Asmuddin Natsir

Institutions
Universitas Hasanuddin

Abstract
The use of such agricultural by product as corn cobs is important in fulfilling the needs of feed for ruminant, especially during the dry season. However, the main problem of using corn cobs as a feedstuff is low digestibility due to the existence of the links between lignin and cellulose or hemicellulose. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of biodecomposer (BS) application on the changes of chemical components of corn cobs. BS was developed from the rumen bacterial of buffalo raised under typical feeding conditions. The effectiveness of BS application was assessed by fermenting corn cobs for 4 weeks. The experiment was run according to completely randomized design consisted of eight treatments and three replications giving total number of the experimental units of 24. The treatments were T0 = 100 g course ground of corn cobs without BS, T1 = 100 g course ground of corn cobs + 2.5% BS, T2 = 100 g course ground of corn cobs + 5.0 % BS, T3= 100 g course ground of corn cobs + 7.5% BS, T4= 100 g course ground of corn cobs + 10% BS, T5 =100 g course ground of corn cobs + 12.5% BS, T6= 100 g course ground of corn cobs + 15% BS, and T7= 100 g corn cobs + 0.6% Starbio (commercial biodecomposer). Increasing level of biodecomposer is expected to have a significant effects on the chemical composition in the corn cobs.

Keywords
biodecomposer, chemical composition, corn cobs, local buffalo, rumen microbial

Topic
Animal Nutrition and feed technology

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/etgmFzkQ4JCd


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