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Abstract Topic: Economics

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ACCELERATING ECONOMIC DISTRIBUTION BY DETERMINING GROWTH POLE AREA
Fafurida, Shanty Oktavilia, Avi Budi Setiawan

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Corresponding Author
Fafurida Fafurida

Institutions
Universitas Negeri Semarang

Abstract
The Williamson index value of Central Java Province increases every year, which indicates that the development imbalance among the regions in the province belongs to the high category. Such high imbalance in a region is not positive, but indeed it is a big problem that must be solved soon by the government of Central Java Province. One appropriate effort is the acceleration of balance through adding the growth pole area. This research has several objectives among others are: 1) identifying the growth pole regions existing in Central Java Province, 2) determining the new growth pole regions in Central Java Province. This research applies the quantitative and qualitative analyses using the primary and secondary data source. The analysis uses Klassen typology, Balassa index, Scalogram, Human Development index, and overlay. The findings of this research is the regions in Central Java Province that are categorized as the old growth pole regions are Semarang City, Pekalongan City, Cilacap Regency, Karanganyar Regency, Magelang Regency, Surakarta City, and Salatiga City. While the regions that are recommended as the new growth pole regions are Semarang Regency, Tegal Regency, and Sukoharjo Regency.

Keywords
balance, imbalance, growth pole, planning, Central Java

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/bg9ehD2rjBQ3


Accuracy of Financial Distress Model Prediction: Implementation of Artificial Intelligence Neural Network and Discriminant Analysis in Indonesia Stock Exchange
Triasesiarta Nur (a) Rosinta Ria Panggabean (b)

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Corresponding Author
Triasesiarta Nur

Institutions
(a), (b) Bina Nusantara University
Accounting Department, Faculty of Economics & Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia, 11480

Abstract
Financial Distress is the initial stage of bankruptcy. The ability to predict financial failure is an essential topic in financial research because it can be an early warning for companies before bankruptcy occurs. Various models have been developed to predict the occurrence of Financial Distress. The higher the accuracy of predictions, the more it will help the companys stakeholders to mitigate the impact of financial distress. This study aims to build Financial Distress models using the Artificial Intelligence Neural Network Model and the Discriminant Analysis Model; comparisons are then made evaluating the accuracy of the two models in predicting Financial Distress. The sample consisted of 35 non-financial companies that experienced forced delisting from the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2010 - 2018. The results showed that the Artificial Intelligence Neural Network Model gave a better prediction than the Discriminant Analysis Model. It is crucial to consider the choice of predictor variables that determined the predictive success of the financial distress model.

Keywords
Financial Distress, Artificial Intelligence Neural Network, Discriminant Analysis, Prediction Model

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/V3xw7mWukNUL


Adopting Supply Chain Management Model to Measure Fishermen Cooperative Performance
Akhmad Yunani; Ery Supriadi

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Corresponding Author
Akhmad Yunani

Institutions
Indonesia Institute of Cooperatives Management

Abstract
A uniqueness of co-operative enterprise is distinguished principles; user-owner, user-controlled, and user-benefited. In terms of supply chain, this uniqueness should have impact on the business performance as there is almost no asymmetric information among the entities in the supply chain system. This study aims to assess the implementation of the supply chain and propose a supply chain management model in fishermen co-operative (the co-op). Based on data collected mainly by observation, interview, and FGD with board of the co-op, it is revealed that it has no clear pattern of supply chain management as well as performance measurement. The co-op is no more than a little auction organizer in fish trading. There are two groups of actor in co-op supply chain system; in-system entities and outer-layer entities. In the model, the co-op acts as the core of the system while the members represent both the supplier and customer. As supplier, members provide fish, while as customer, members need the fishing tools, ice, fuel, daily needs, and other necessities. A set of scenarios is discussed to measure the performance of the co-op using the supply chain management. Further research needs to be conducted to assess the implementation of the model.

Keywords
fishermen co-operative, performance, supply chain management

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BVzeCgvKTM7u


ADVERSE SELECTION AND MORAL HAZARD: THE EVIDENCE ON BUSINESS LENDING OF MICRO AND SMALL ENTERPRISES
Agus Arifin (a*), Rakhmat Priyono (a)

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Corresponding Author
Agus Arifin

Institutions
a) Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business, Jenderal Soedirman University
*arifin_ie[at]yahoo.co.id

Abstract
This research aims to investigate the presence of asymmetric information within business lending process—before and after contract—between bank and micro and small enterprises. The two common conditions arise from this case are adverse selection and moral hazard. The data used in this research were come from banks and debtors-entrepreneurs taken by using simple random sampling method in Purbalingga and Banyumas working areas. Adverse selection was detected by setting specific questions to debtors independently to explore the possibility of any mistakes within proposal screening process. Then, moral hazard was analyzed by rating scale method, i.e. measuring the moral hazard level of each debtor. Hereafter, both of them were analyzed to investigate the effect of adverse selection on moral hazard by multiple regression. This research finds that (1) in selection process, there have been adverse selection because of incomplete information hardly obtained by banks, (2) most of debtors have medium-high level of moral hazard, (3) adverse selection has significant effect on moral hazard. From the results, it can be suggest that (1) adverse selection must be minimizing because it is the main source of further problems, (2) debtors- moral hazard can be detected early by assessing their character and capacity when they propose the projects.

Keywords
adverse selection; moral hazard; debtors; micro and small enterprises; business lending

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/q9kWXeBN4zhR


AN INVESTIGATION OF HOW BASIC EDUCATION RATE EXPLAINS THE PHENOMENA OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY DIFFERENTLY IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS
Fitri Andriani Setyowati (a), Inaya Sari Melati (b*)

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Corresponding Author
Inaya Sari Melati

Institutions
(a),(b) Universitas Negeri Semarang
*inaya.sari[at]mail.unnes.ac.id

Abstract
This study aims to determine the effect of basic education rate on unemployment and poverty level based on the classification of urban and rural areas. The data were taken from Wonosobo Regency as the poorest district in Central Java, Indonesia, with a percentage of poor population of 20.32%. Using descriptive quantitative and linear regressions with dummy variable, we analyzed the distinguished influence of basic education rate towards unemployment and poverty level between urban and rural areas. The results show that, generally, basic education rate affects unemployment rate and the level of poverty. The basic education rate influences unemployment rate in both urban and rural areas. However, the basic education rate in urban area does not have an effect as significant as that in rural area in influencing poverty level. Urban people face more competitive workforce market that makes them need more than just the basic education. Therefore, even most of them have finished their primary and secondary schools, it does not mean they are not going to be trapped in poverty. Meanwhile, the basic education of rural people detected affects the poverty level as the more people in there do not finish their basic study, the more of them have no eligibility in doing proper jobs for reaching the wealth.

Keywords
basic education rate, unemployment, poverty, urban area, rural area

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/c3XJBGDaK78F


Analisis Kinerja Ekonomi Terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat
Kaarieni (a), Yuyun Meilida (b), Alexandra Hukom (c)

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Corresponding Author
Kaarieni Kaarieni

Institutions
(a,b & c) Pasca Sarjana Magister Ilmu Ekonomi, Universitas Palangkaraya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia

Abstract
ANALISIS KINERJA EKONOMI TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT Kaarieni (a), Yuyun Meilida (b), Alexandra Hukom (c) Pasca Sarjana Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Universitas Palangkaraya, Kalimantan Tengah. Abstrak Salah satu cara yang dilakukan pemerintah di Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah dalam menggerakkan perekonomian daerah adalah dengan jalan mengembangkan wilayah pemekaran yang mana diharapkan mampu untuk lebih meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat yang berpotensi guna menunjang laju pertumbuhan ekonomi di daerahnya demi kesejahteraan masyarakatnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kinerja ekonomi untuk kesejahteraan sosial di Kabupaten Pemekaran Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah tahun 2010-2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan data panel. Kinerja Ekonomi diproksi menjadi variabel Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Tingkat Pengangguran dan Tingkat Kemiskinan sebagai variabel independen, sedangkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat diproksi menjadi Indek Pembangunan Manusia sebagai variabel dependen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Tingkat Pengangguran tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat sedangkan tingkat Kemiskinan berpengaruh terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat. Secara simultan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Tingkat Pengangguran dan Tingkat Kemiskinan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat.

Keywords
Kinerja Ekonomi; Pertumbuhan Ekonomi; Tingkat Pengangguran; Tingkat Kemiskinan; Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/6uJBpPDLyGHE


ANALYSIS EFFECTIVENESS OF USE OF ALOCATION VILLAGE FUNDS AND VILLAGE FUNDS IN SAMBA DANUM VILLAGE KATINGAN TENGAH DISRICT ON 2018
Delima samosir (a), Kristian (b), Miar (c)

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Corresponding Author
DelimaSamosir samosir

Institutions
Program Pasca Sarjana Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Universitas Palangka Raya Jl yossudarso 73111

Abstract
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the use of Allocation of Village Fund and Village Fund in Samba Danum Village in 2018. Sample in this research is Technical Team of Village financial management in Samba Danum Village.Data were collected by documentation method and interview. Data analysis uses effectiveness technique ratio. The results showed effective performance (99,9%). Level of effectiveness of village fund allocation management in Samba Danum Village in 2018 In Bidang Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Desa (100%), Bidang Pelaksanaan Pembangunan Desa (100%) , Bidang Pembinaan Kemasyarakatan Desa (100%), and Bidang Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa(100%) According to realization. Year 2015 is the first year of Indonesia disbursed the Village Fund as mandated by UU no. 6 Year 2014 about the Village. This fund is expected to be utilized by the village government to finance the administration, development and empowerment of rural communities. Allocation of village funds and Village Fund Expected to lift the area which is difficult to develop, so as to catch up from other regions.

Keywords
Allocation Village Fund, Village Fund and Effectiveness

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/BpZnf49QNGhz


Analysis of Cashew Nut Marketing Channel in Southeast Sulawesi Province
WOD Alzarliani and Hardin (a*)

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Corresponding Author
Hardin Hardin

Institutions
a) Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Muhammadiyah Buton, Baubau, Indonesia

*wd.alzarliani[at]umbuton.ac.id

Abstract
The condition of an effective and efficient marketing system can be used in support of the existence of price information which is not only known to traders but also related to farmers so that farmers do not depend on weak positions as recipients of low prices. Search results show the cashew nut flow formed in the marketing channel can be grouped into cashew nut flow that occurs with different market participants and marketing activities, as well as short differences. This is based on meta logs which are the raw material for producing cashews. The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of the cashew nut market in Southeast Sulawesi. Quantitative descriptive analysis is also used to measure marketing efficiency, technical efficiency, economic efficiency. The current condition of cashew marketing requires a decrease, this overcomes various factors. To find out these factors, a marketing system analysis was carried out on various parties involved in the marketing process of cashew nut. The conclusion of this research is the cashew marketing channel which achieved the most inefficient increase was channel pattern III by 94%, technical efficiency index 16.95, economic efficiency index 1.23 with the destination area of Central Buton.

Keywords
Analysis, Cashew Nut Marketing Channel

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Lv8MXYJ6DNnA


ANALYSIS OF ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY IN TANJUNG PUTING PROVINCE NATIONAL PARK, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN
Yuyun Meilida (a), Kaarieni (b), Sunaryo N.Tuah (c)

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Corresponding Author
Yuyun Meilida

Institutions
Master of Economics in Postgraduate University of Palangka Raya
yuyunmeilida994[at]gmail.com
pundetarieni[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
This study aims to: (a) study and analyze the potential of ecotourism in Tanjung Putting National Park, (b) study and analyze strategies for developing ecotourism in Tanjung Putting National Park, (c) formulate Tanjung Putting National Park ecotourism development strategy. The method of this research is survey and explanation, using primary data and secondary data. Primary data was collected by interview method and filled out questionnaires with 250 respondents selected by purposive sampling. Data analysis tools are SWOT and AHP. The main problem faced in developing ecotourism in Tanjung Putting National Park is the lack of infrastructure and accessibility and guidance to the community about the importance of ecotourism from the Government and Regional Government (Pemda). The results showed that: (a) the potential of Tanjung Puting National Park included a high category seen from the aspect of strength with a value of 3.77 and opportunities with a value of 3.73 (b) Tanjung Puitng National Park ecotourism development strategy was a defensive strategy in quadrant III.

Keywords
ecotourism; Tanjung Puting National Park; development strategy; SWOT & AHP

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/Mr2WhmLUDxRZ


ANALYSIS OF FAMILY ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN CULINARY BUSINESS SUSTAINABILITY IN PULOSARI, MALANG
Sri Umi Mintarti W

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Corresponding Author
sri umi mintarti widjaja

Institutions
Economic Faculty
Universitas Negeri Malang

Abstract
Family economic education, is a very important education for family members. This is because a good economic education will make a good life in the future. In this study, as it was carried out on culinary endeavors, the economic education in question included providing knowledge about: (1) financial management, (2) calculation of the cost of goods sold, (3) marketing that includes how to present and use good, attractive tools. This research is a qualitative descriptive study carried out on culinary businesses in the Pulosari area of Malang, which is the oldest culinary area in Malang. Pulosari area is in the middle of Malang and is an area surrounded by several campuses. Data analysis is carried out by stages of data reduction, data presentation, and reporting. The results of the study show that the continuity of the culinary businesses which are now in their second generations is inseparable from the family economic education provided by their predecessors. The financial management provided by giving a direct example to children is a knowledge that is deeply imprinted in the minds of the business successors. In addition, children were involved in the making of the business development plans, so that they know for sure what their parents did in an effort to develop their culinary efforts. The calculation of the cost of goods sold is carried out by taking into account the factors that affect the cost of goods sold. Economic education enables the culinary business players in the Pulosari region diversify their business, venturing into businesses other than culinary namely travel businesses and lodging businesses. It is expected that in the future they will need to improve their computer-based financial management skills, so that their calculations are not done manually and their calculation accuracies improve.

Keywords
financial management, calculation of the cost of goods sold, marketing, business diversification.

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/bNEnhFdDV4c7


Analysis Of Free Cash Flow And Size On Earning Management
Marista Oktaviani (a), Mochamad Mochklas (b*)

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Corresponding Author
Dede Nasrullah

Institutions
(a,b) Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Muhammadiyah Surabaya
*mmochklas[at]fe.um-surab

Abstract
The difference in interests between the principal and the agent in maximizing ones own well-being is the cause of agency conflict and most likely the agent does not always act in the best interests of the principal. The study aims to determine the effect of free cash flow and company size on earnings management in banking companies on the IDX. Research period 2016-2017, secondary data in the form of annual financial statements, with a sample of 30 banking companies, data analysis using WarpPls. The results of this study indicate that free cash flow has a positive effect on earnings management, Size has a negative effect on earnings management, Size cannot moderate free cash flow on Profit Management, and free cash flow cannot moderate Size on earnings management.

Keywords
Free Cash Flow, Size, Earning Management

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/bURgEHudqKP9


Analysis Of Indonesia Inequality Income Distribution
Fakhruddin (a*), Raudhatil Wirda. Z (b), Muhammad Ilhamsyah Siregar(c), Fitriyani(d)

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Corresponding Author
fakhruddin fakhruddin

Institutions
a. Economics Development Department, Faculty of Economics and Business Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Indonesia
* fakhruddin[at]unsyiah.ac.id
b. Economics Development Department, Faculty of Economics and Business Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Indonesia
c. Economics Development Department, Faculty of Economics and Business Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Indonesia
d. Economics Development Department, Faculty of Economics and Business Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
Inequality in income distribution and inflation has long been a discussion in economics, see Thalassino, Ugurlu, & Muratoğlu (2012) who examine income equality and inflation in the EU. Albanesi, Stefania (2007) examines the relationship between inflation and Inequality. Other researchers sought to see the relationship of inequality with various other variables. see Monnin (2014) which examines Inflation and Income Quality in Developed economies and Li and Zou (2002) which examine Inflation, Growth, and Income Distribution. Indonesia with a wide and diverse characteristic of an archipelago faces the challenge of the equitable income distribution. Indonesias economic growth has so far been concentrated in certain regions, causing an imbalance in income distribution. Methodology The model that will be used is the ARDL Panel model using data for the period 2012 - 2018 from 33 provinces in Indonesia. Potential of important findings Some important findings from this study are the relationship between inflation and income inequality in Indonesia. The higher the inflation, the more unequal the income distribution. Economic growth will reduce inequality while the increase in the number of unemployed and poor people will cause greater inequality.

Keywords
Inequality, inflation, poverty, unemployment, growth, ARDL

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ZTjFe9KUbPuh


Analysis of macroeconomic variable shocks on the equilibrium of real effective exchange rates in Malaysia
Hasdi Aimon(a), Sri Ulfa Sentosa(a), Mohammad Aliman Shahmi(a*)

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Corresponding Author
Mohammad Aliman Shahmi

Institutions
(a)Universitas Negeri Padang

Abstract
This study investigates the effect and equilibrium of macroeconomic variables on real effective exchange rates(REER) in short and long terms in Malaysia. This study used time series data from 1986-2017, and Johansen-Juselius and error correction model (ECM). There are two main findings in this study. First, financial development, economic openness, and inflation have a significant effect on real effective exchange rates in Malaysia. Second, in the short term, foreign direct investment (FDI) and inflation disrupt the balance of effective real exchange rates, although in the long terms the inflation will return to its equilibrium. This research is recommended to the government to increase foreign direct investment in Malaysia, because it is a major factor that influences the equilibrium of real effective exchange rates.

Keywords
ECM, Malaysia, REER

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/cymKrdRfMTap


Analysis of Migrant Worker Familys Financial Management
Grisvia Agustin (a), Hari Wahyono (b), Yogi Dwi Satrio (c), Syahrul Munir (d), Dian Rahmawati (e), Januar Kustiandi (f)

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Corresponding Author
Grisvia Agustin

Institutions
(a-f) Economics faculty, Universitas Negeri Malang

Abstract
Worker migration is an old phenomenon. Remittances are vital component of household income for families, reducing poverty and creating opportunities for investment in education and enterprise. As we know, high income countries are sources of remittances. Government wants to upgrade the migrant workers financial knowledge to reduce the revel tendency. But the one who arrange the remittance is the one in family member, not the migrant worker. This study tend to analyze ability to manage remittance and financial of migrant workers family using descriptive qualitative method based on worker migration and basic financial management theory. The results are remitrance from abroad generally received 3-4 monthly. And remittance in dollara or others foreign exchange rate (from developed countries) has bigger value in rupiah because of rupiahs exchange rate depreciation tendency. In East Java, Indonesia, access to increase financial literacy for migrant workers family is very lack. They may have proper education and internet access but dont improve their financial literacy.

Keywords
Remittance, familys financial management, Indonesian migrant workers

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/3CfyvMXQ6Rhz


Analysis of Network Model Determinant on Tourism SME-s Performance
Rochiyati Murniningsih*, Eni Zuhriyah, Yulinda Devi Pramita, Friztina Anisa

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Corresponding Author
DPPJ UMMagelang

Institutions
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

*rochiyati.murni[at]ummgl.ac.id

Abstract
This research empirically tests and analyzes the network model that influences the performance of Tourism SMEs. The SMEs Tourism network model includes knowledge sharing and innovation. Knowledge sharing is measured by network density, network centrality, relational social capital (CSR) and cognitive social capital. The model was developed based on the relationship between tourism SMEs through one-cluster SMEs networks, inter-cluster SMEs, networks with CSR and networks with local governments. The sample used in this study was tourism tourism SMEs in Temanggung, Semarang Regency (Banyubiru) and Magelang Regency with different tourism characteristics. The results showed that Knowledge sharing had a positive effect on the performance of SMEs. It means that knowledge sharing measured using network density, network centrality, relational social capital (CSR) and one-cluster cognitive social capital, between clusters, CSR and government supports SMEs performance. This research contributes to policy making that will support the advancement of tourism support SMEs with different tourism characteristics. This research is different from previous research because this research develops in accordance with the Group Discussion Forum (FGD) conducted to determine the SMEs networks in 3 districts. The implication of this research is a strategy in the form of a network model as a lever factor for the progress of the Tourism SMEs.

Keywords
Knowledge sharing, Innovation, SME Performance

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/2WjtrkP46vxD


ANALYSIS OF PORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND CONNECTIVITY IN INDONESIA BILATERAL TRADE WITH APEC MEMBER
Jaka Aminata, Agus Wibowo, Firdha Nurul Isdiana

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Corresponding Author
JAKA AMINATA

Institutions
Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis, Universitas Diponegoro

Abstract
This study analyzes the influence of maritime transportation costs, namely (connectivity and port infrastructure) on Indonesian exports to APEC member countries through sea transportation modes, using the gravity model approach. The method used is panel data regression with the Common Effect Model (CEM). The condition of maritime transportation in Indonesia shows that the presence of Asaz Cabotage can encourage the national shipping industry, even though export / import activities between countries are still dominated by foreign companies. Based on the estimation results show that the GDP of Indonesias per capita, GDP per capita of trading partner countries, economic distance, Quality of Port Infrastructure (QPI) and Shipping Bilateral Liner Connectivity Index (LSBCI) significantly affects the volume of Indonesian exports through sea transportation modes.

Keywords
Export, Sea Transportation Mode, Quality of Port Infrastructure, Shipping Bilateral Liner Index

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/3bVHNCme4Kga


Analysis of Rice Demand in Indonesia
Firmansyah (a*), F.X. Sugiyanto (a), Herniwati Retno Handayani (a), Shanty Oktavilia (b), Ryan Prayogi (a)

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Corresponding Author
Firmansyah Firmansyah

Institutions
a) Departement of Economics, Diponegoro University, Jl Prof Sudharto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia
*firmansyah[at]live.undip.ac.id
b) Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Kampus Sekaran, Gunungpati, Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract
Indonesia has a large population that faces food supply problems in the future, when it is estimated that Indonesias population will reach 300 million by 2045. To ensure the availability of accessible food with sufficient quality and quantity, appropriate policies are needed to overcome the problem originating from the supply and demand side. This study analyzes the side of domestic food demand, namely the demand of rice as the main food type, which is influenced by determinants such as price levels, substitute food prices, seasons, food diversification policies, and income. This study fins that the demand for rice in Indonesia is still determined by inelastic prices, season, and income.

Keywords
Demand of rice, price of rice, inelastic demand price

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/yn6w24Xve8CQ


ANALYSIS OF THE SAME LEADING SECTOR DETERMINATION: CASE STUDY BLITAR CITY
Budi Sasongko (a), Alpon Satrianto (b)

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Corresponding Author
Budi Sasongko

Institutions
a) STIEKN Jaya Negara *bud_ssk[at]yahoo.com
b) Universitas Negeri Padang *alpon.unp[at]gmail.com

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the same leading sector based on the Klassen Typology method, Location Quotient, Shift-Share, Growth Ratio Models and Overlay. This research is based on the fact that all this time previous research only determined the leading sectors based on each of these criteria and none of them determined which sectors were the same. It is important to know that these superior sectors are tested from several methods and these sectors must be prioritized in development. The data in this study uses the average GRDP Blitar City data on the basis of constant prices in 2010 according to business fields from 2011-2017. The results of this study conclude that the same leading sector based on these 5 methods in Blitar City is 1) Large and Retail Trade; Car and Motorcycle Repair, 2) Information and Communication, and 3) Financial and Insurance Services. Therefore, the Blitar City government must continue to move these sectors forward by increasing investment and ease of licensing so that the sector can continue to increase its contribution to the economy of Blitar City.

Keywords
Leading Sector, Blitar City

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/eXquVL7WzvrE


Analyzing Indonesian Capital Market Reaction Towards Rupiah Exchange Rate Volatility Against US Dollar
Chika Citra Savira (a*) Mandra Lazuardi Kitri, S.T., M.B.A. (b)

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Corresponding Author
Chika Citra Savira

Institutions
School of Business & Management, Bandung Institute of Technology
Jl. Ganesha No.10, Lb. Siliwangi, Kecamatan Coblong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40132, Indonesia
*chika.citra[at]sbm-itb.ac.id

Abstract
Capital market is one of investment facilities that able to improve the economy of a country. The activities occurred in the capital market itself are closely related to several factors that existed from the internal and external factors. One of the external factors meant is the change that occurs at the exchange rate of a country s currency. Meanwhile, in fact in Indonesia in the final quarter of 2018, there was a weakening of Rupiah against US dollar which was declared the worst in the last 20 years. This issue is considered as having the potential to affect the activities that occur in the capital market, since depreciation is one of the macroeconomic factors. This study aimed to find out whether there are capital market reactions due to depreciation events by detecting the differences in Abnormal Returns (AR) and Trading Volume Activity (TVA) at the time of observation. By using the purposive sampling method, it obtained 159 listed companies with relevant specific criteria as the research samples. The research method used is the event study with 10 days observation window. This research is a quantitative study using secondary data obtained from the companys annual report and historical stock price data. In processing the quantitative data, this study used the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. In the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that this study has succeeded in showing the Indonesia capital market has reacted significantly due to depreciation events. This is proved by the significant difference in Abnormal Return (AR) and Trading Volume Activity (TVA) in almost all registered companies in Indonesia. However, this depreciation event does not have a significant effect on the listed companies that tend to do the export activities only in the main activities of companies and subsidiaries. Based on the findings that have been obtained, the researchers suggest for investor to be more proactive in finding out and understanding information related to depreciation events, in order to determine investment decisions due to the character of the Indonesia capital market which reacts significantly towards this event.

Keywords
Abnormal Return, capital market, exchange rate, rupiah depreciation, Trading Volume Activity.

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/A8G4eE27wBRx


Analyzing Students- Entrepreneurial Intention based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) with Internship as the Moderating Variable
Tusyanah Tusyanah, Fentya Dyah Rahmawati, Ashomatul Fadlilah, Muhammad Khafid and Nurdian Susilowati

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Corresponding Author
Tusyanah Tusyanah

Institutions
Universitas Negeri Semarang

Abstract
Indonesia needs prospective entrepreneurs who can decrease the unemployment rate. Universities are required not only to prepare skillful alumni; but also to create prospective entrepreneurs. UNNES commits it by making curriculum changes. It provides Entrepreneurship subject, Business Incubator and internship. The objective of the study is to analyze the students- entrepreneurial intention with internship as the moderating variable through TPB Theory. It was a quantitative research with 145 students as the samples of the study. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires and analyzed them by SPSS. The results showed that the effect of belief on attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control was positive and significant. The effects of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control were significant to influence students- entrepreneurial intention to be entrepreneurs. Internship successfully became the moderating variable for attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention. The direct effect attitude on entrepreneurial intention was 34.5% and went up to 42.3% moderated by internship. The direct effect subjective norm on entrepreneurial intention was 25.9% and went up to 32.8% moderated by internship. Then, the direct effect perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention was 48.8% and increased to 51.5% moderated by internship. It is concluded that internship was able to strengthen the students- entrepreneurial intention to become entrepreneurs. Therefore; the internship program needs to be continued so students know that independent work is more fun than working for others.

Keywords
Internship, Intention, Entrepreneurship, TPB

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/3q4bnuGw6AjP


ANTECEDENTS OF BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS ON ONLINE TRAVEL AGENT COMPANY: COMPARISON BETWEEN GENERATION X AND MILLENNIAL
Faisal Arsya Rakhmada

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Corresponding Author
Faisal Arsya Rakhmada

Institutions
Universitas Indonesia

Abstract
The number of users of the internet in Indonesia has grown at the unbelievable rate. There is no exception with the growth rate of the online travel agent in Indonesia. When making online transaction, including online travel agent transaction, consumers are faced with uncertain situations. The uncertain situations could grow increasingly critical when consumers have to share their personal sensitive information in the transaction process. In this context, building and maintaining trust becomes very important to online marketers as various studies have shown that the lack of trust is one of main reasons for consumers- hesitancy to online shopping. The evidence has shown that trust could reduce the perceived risks and by that could also determines success or failure of e-vendors. The research objective is to analyze the antecedents of behavioral intentions on online travel agent company. Also to see whether the trust formation between generation X and generation Y has difference. The research is online surveys based conducted with convenience samples from two different generation. The results have shown a robust relationship between initial trust towards online travel agent and consumers- behavioral intentions. The results also suggest that there is no differences between two generations regarding the formation of initial trust and behavioral reactions.

Keywords
Online Travel Agent, Behavioral Intentions, Trust Propensity, Initial Trust, Familiarity with E-travel Shopping, Propensity to Web Risk

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ghJwZdz97EnL


Application of the Multiperiod Mean-Variance Method for Pension Fund Asset Allocation
Rudy Irawan & Bona C. Siahaan

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Corresponding Author
RUDY IRAWAN

Institutions
University of Indonesia

Abstract
This research discusses about multiperiod mean-variance application for optimal asset allocation in pension fund institutions by considering the effect of mortality factors and changes in contributions. The selection of assets that will be used to find the optimal portfolio is carried out using Treasury Bill as risk-free assets and stock in the LQ45 index as risk assets that have the best performance during the period 2014 - 2018. The main objective of the use of multiperiod mean-variance is obtain minimum variance with optimal returns at the end of the period. The results of this reasearch indicate that the smallest return is owned by the asset allocation model without this contribution because without additional membership contribution, the amount of funds that can be invested is limited so the expected wealth terminal is smaller than other asset allocation models. Then the asset allocation without the mortality factor gives higher expected terminal wealth compared to other asset allocation models this is because in the absence of mortality the pension fund investment will not be forced to stop before the retirement period ends so that the portfolio return obtained is higher in proportion to other asset allocation models. While the asset allocation model using risk-free asset references, has a higher risk with the same return when compared with asset allocation using reference to risk assets, this indicates that the asset reference used affects the return and risk on the allocation of assets of the Pension Fund at the end of the period investation.

Keywords
pension funds, asset allocation, portfolio, mean variance, multiperiod, mortality

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/8DduxyH2N7TY


Beyond Excessive Risk-Taking Behavior in Village-Owned Enterprise
M. Elfan Kaukab*, Romandhon, Agus Putranto, Susanti

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Corresponding Author
M. Elfan Kaukab

Institutions
Faculty of Economics
Universitas Sains Al-Quran Jawa Tengah
Wonosobo Indonesia

*elfan[at]unsiq.ac.id

Abstract
Without adequate capital to be a reserved fund for the failure of a business, a risk-taking entrepreneur might fall into bankruptcy and suffer trauma to restart the business. Unfortunately, literature sees that risk-taking behavior is a positive characteristic of an entrepreneur and makes it a linear variable in which the higher the risk is taken, the better the entrepreneur-s orientation is. This research aims to explore the entrepreneurs- excessive risk-taking behavior from the goal-setting perspective to have a better understanding of entrepreneurs- reaction to the environment. To achieve the goal, we collected data from 383 leaders of Village-Owned Enterprise (BUMDES) in Central Java. The quantitative analysis suggests that risk-taking behavior varies based on environmental uncertainty, organization commitment, and entrepreneurs- creativity. This shows that when related to excessive risk-taking behavior, consideration should be given to the environmental factor (which is environmental uncertainty) and individual factor (which consists of commitment and creativity).

Keywords
Excessive risk-taking behavior, environmental uncertainty, goal setting, commitment, creativity

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AycgYdvtLzrN


CALCULATION ANALYSIS OF COST OF PRODUCTION BATAKOPRESS ON CV. BAUBAU ANUGERAH BATAKO
ET Pratiwi(a*), LOD Abdullah(b), R. Abdullah(c) And Asrianti Djawa(d)

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Corresponding Author
Endang Tri Pratiwi

Institutions
a) Accounting Study Program, Faculty of Economics, Buton Muhammadiyah University
*endangtripratiwi12[at]gmail.com

b) Law Studies Program, Faculty of Law, Buton Muhammadiyah University.

c) Accounting Study Program, Faculty of Economics, Buton Muhammadiyah University

d) Departement Of development Study Program, Fakulty Of Economics and business, Haluoleo University

Abstract
At virtually every company was founded with the purpose for the welfare of the owners, whether industrial enterprises, trade and services. To that aim to capture the maximum profit perhaps with a certain expenditures that met customer satisfaction and the viability of the company. to achieve these objectives the company must carry out activities that production expenditures, marketing, personnel, and administrative activities related to one another. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the charging of brick production press on the CV. Batako Anugerah Baubau own right. Based on the analysis results can be summarized as follows: 1. The calculation of cost of production is carried out according to the calculation is easier than the calculation according to the theory of the cost of the process. this is because in the calculation of cost of goods manufactured by the company is less incorporated material costs of water into the element of cost of raw materials, money-intensive at the cost of direct labor and depreciation costs of assets into overhead factory 2. The cost of production according to cost method theoretical calculation process Rp. 173 475 000 or Rp. 1,388 per unit, while the cost of production according to company calculations Rp. 169 790 000 or Rp. 1,359 per unit, resulting in differences in the cost of production of Rp. 3.685 million or Rp. 29 per unit Should the management of Grace CV.Batako calculate the cost of production in accordance with the theory of computation cost method or process that imposes calculate the cost of materials, direct labor costs and overheads overall plant.

Keywords
Analysis Calculation of Cost of Production brick Press at CV. Batako Anugerah Baubau

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/f9Ktx4w8PNjC


Contagion Effect Analysis through the Systemic Risk and Financial Linkage Approach: Study on Dual Banking System in Indonesia
Rihana Sofie Nabella, Ghozali Maski, Setyo Tri Wahyudi

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Corresponding Author
Rihana Sofie Nabella

Institutions
Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya

Abstract
Banking sector plays an important role in the economy. The emergence of the dual banking system era has become an alternative source of financing aside from conventional banks in supporting economic growth. Banks are also expected to be able to manage their risks well, one of them is systemic risk. This risk arises due to the contagion effect and is compounded by the financial linkages between banks. This research aims to analyze the contagion effect through a systemic risk approach and financial linkage on the dual banking system in Indonesia. This study uses the Conditional Value at Risk (CoVaR) by Adrian and Brunnermeier (2008) with a sample of 8 Islamic banks and 7 conventional commercial banks in Indonesia from January 2012 to December 2018. The results of this study shows that systemic risk and financial linkage are able to explain the contagion effect in a banking system. High systemic risk and high financial linkage can drive negative externalities towards other institutions in the banking system, in this case transmitting risks.

Keywords
contagion effect, systemic risk, financial linkage, dual banking system

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/7dft6jvwu3PJ


COOPERATIVE PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS THROUGHT A BUSINESS MANAGEMENT APPROACH
Rima Elya Dasuki ,Endang Wahyuningsih ,Yenny Wipartini

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Corresponding Author
Rima Elya Dasuki

Institutions
INDONESIAN INSTITUTE OF COOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT
(INSTITUT MANAJEMEN KOPERASI INDONESIA/IKOPIN)

Abstract
Cooperatives has developed rapidly throughout Indonesia and has a strategic position in supporting the real economic productive activities of the real sector. Considering that business activities involve members and the community, the sustainability of the cooperative business must be maintained Purpose of the research :To improve the welfare of cooperative members, and to realize the independence of cooperatives as community-based economic institutions, to maintain and protect the level of public trust in cooperatives. Research Metodology is case study,with assessment on management cooperative business involve marketing,production,human resourses management,financial ,facility and the impact on the environment Results :Analysis of the study shows the cooperative performance has only reached 66,6 % of the expected target Conclusion:Cooperative performance from the business aspect shows that cooperatives have weaknesses in the human resources development aspect, while financial and marketing aspects are relatively good because they are supported by one of the private companies in the area. Keyword : Microfinance,Cooperative,Performance,Business

Keywords
Microfinance,Cooperative,Performance,Business

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/7fy6WhZqX8zj


COOPERATIVE TAX: REGULATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND EXPECTATION
Sugiyanto

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Corresponding Author
Sugiyanto -

Institutions
Institut Manajemen Koperasi Indonesia

Abstract
Potential of government revenue from taxpayers is expected to come not only from estate enterprises (BUMN), private enterprises (BUMS) but also Cooperatives. Cooperative as taxpayers and cooperative also as tax collectors, who have taxation rights and obligations in accordance with applicable regulations. The number of active cooperatives in Indonesia is around 154,000 units, but the contribution of cooperatives as taxpayers is considered to be still limited, it is not because the business scale is still relatively small, but most cooperative managers still think that cooperatives do not need to pay taxes. This study aims to examine the regulations, implementation, and expectations of managers of cooperatives as taxpayers. This study was conducted using descriptive qualitative and quantitative methods. The object of this study was conducted on a number of sample cooperatives that determined purposively based on turnover of up to Rp. 4.8 billion, between Rp. 4.8 billion to Rp. 50 billion and above Rp. 50 billion. The results of studies on various regulations show that cooperatives as a corporate that is a group of people who do joint ventures are taxpayers both as taxpayers such as corporate income tax, land and building tax, stamp duty, regional retribution, with holding income tax on salaries and value added tax collector. The understanding of the cooperative manager that a cooperative organization as a union between a cooperative company and its member households, in developing their business, they are prioritized to serve members, members as service user and cooperative owner. If there is excess capacity, the cooperative can transact with non-members. Thus the report of cooperative business success is separated between member services and non-member transactions. The consequence of this understanding is that there are still many cooperatives that have not paid corporate tax, especially those originating from the results of the service of members. Other conditions are not all cooperatives carry out functions as holding income tax on salaries and value added tax collector. But cooperatives are relatively compliant as land and building tax payers, Stamp Duty, Regional Tax. The cooperative manager expects that the results of operations originating from member services are not subject to corporate income tax.

Keywords
Tax regulations, taxpayers, tax collectors, and cooperative expectation

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/KFhCNjaeYnMW


Credit Growth Effects towards Bank Soundness and Financial Fragility in ASEAN
Christine Juliana Hakim (a*), Rofikoh Rokhim (b)

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Corresponding Author
Christine Juliana Hakim

Institutions
a) Departement Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Indonesia
christine.juliana.hakim[at]gmail.com
b) Departement Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Indonesia
rofikoh.rokhim[at]ui.ac.id

Abstract
Credit growth can be likened to a double-edged sword that is able to illustrate the contradictions of the resulting impact. Sometimes credit growth tends to credit booms and lead to major events such as the debt crisis in the 1980s, the exchange rate crisis in 1992, Sudden Stops in the 1990s and the global financial crisis in 2008. The events made its own dilemma if there was a policy of reducing credit is given to prevent credit booms for developing countries, while that country still need funding to support economic growth. The aims study is to analyze siginificance of impact of the credit growth that occurred in ASEAN during 2013-2017 towards banking health and financial fragility. This study uses empirical tests using a data analysis methodology, namely panel data and fixed effect regression analysis methods. The analysis appears to show that credit growth in ASEAN has no significant effect on banking health, while has significant effect towards financial fragility.

Keywords
Credit growth, bank soundness, financial fragility, ASEAN

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/CLDtWXR69p4H


Demand for Labor in Indonesia-s Tourism Sectors
Firmansyah (a*), Andrian Budi Prasetyo (a), Shanty Oktavilia (b), Dita Wahyu Puspita (b)

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Corresponding Author
Firmansyah Firmansyah

Institutions
a) Departement of Economics, Diponegoro University, Jl Prof Sudharto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia
*firmansyah[at]live.undip.ac.id
b) Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Kampus Sekaran, Gunungpati, Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract
Tourism is one of the most dynamic economic sectors, which brings benefits to tourist destinations, which include employment, foreign exchange earnings, and generally drive the economy. This study analyzes the demand for labor in the tourism sectors in Indonesia. By considering the determinants of tourism labor demand, namely the price of wage labor, the price of tourism products, the price of other inputs both substitution and complement, and government policy. This study found that labor demand in tourism sectors was negatively affected and inelastic by labor wages, output prices, and government policies that significantly affected labor demand, while other input prices were not significant for labor demand.

Keywords
Labor demand, Tourism, labor wage, corresponding input of labor

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/vV87gFfJkBT6


Determinant of Poverty in the East Kalimantan Province
Eny Rochaida

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Corresponding Author
Eny Rochaida

Institutions
Mulawarman University
Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business, Samarinda, Indonesia
enyrochaida[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
Poverty is always interesting and challenging at the same time to discuss from any aspects of development. It can happen around the world and across nation as well. This situation can be seen at developed and developing countries from any indicators, such as in Indonesia. The East Kalimantan Province as the one of rich province in Indonesia still faces poverty problems too. Regarding to the Regional Income performance that the poverty problems in this province quite low; however the number increase slightly up to 6% from 2014 until now. This study aims to describe poverty causes in the East Kalimantan Province and to determine the effect of the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) and unemployment rate on poverty rate. This study uses quantitative approach and secondary data from 2010 to 2017. The data analysis is using Ordinary Least Square (OLS). The results show that GRDP has a negative coefficient effect to poverty, while the unemployment rate has a positive coefficient effect to poverty in the East Kalimantan Province. Whereas, all the independent variables has not significant effect to poverty; it means poverty in the East Kalimantan Province causes by other variables.

Keywords
poverty, gross domestic product, unemployment rate

Topic
Economics

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/QtPNg93Vw6jU


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