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Abstract Topic: Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

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BROILER PERFORMANCE WITH ADDITIONAL SINBIOTICS
Agung Adi Candra, Yadi Priabudiman, dan Riko Noviadi

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Corresponding Author
Agung Adi Candra

Institutions
Politeknik Negeri Lampung, Saekarno Hatta No 10 Rajabasa Bandar Lampung

Abstract
There are many ways to improve the performance and productivity of broiler chickens In animal husbandry. One method that is often used is by giving antibiotics into feed or livestock rations. Antibiotics given to chickens aim to reduce harmful microorganisms in the digestive tract of chickens. The use of antibiotics in the long run if consumed continuously will cause residues in the consumers body and this is very dangerous for those who consume them. Antibiotics are used to improve meat and egg production. a combination of probiotics and prebiotics aims at nutritional therapy and maintaining digestive health, to increase the digestibility of foods that contain a lot of crude fiber, eliminate the smell of ammonia in feces, increase the immune system, help increase growth and productivity, compete against pathogenic bacteria that harm and improve quality feed by increasing protein levels. The purpose of this study was to analyze the maintenance of broiler chickens using synbiotics. The study used broiler DOC with a total of 200 animals obtained from the Bandar Lampung which was maintained in two maintenance cages, each containing 100 chickens. The first partition without using Sinbiotik (control) and the second bulkhead using synbiotics mixed into drinking water. The results of the study showed that giving sinbotik had an impact especially on broiler performance with consumption of 1.522 g / head ration, Weight gain 1,152.1 g / head, FCR 1.32 and 0% mortality, and ration efficiency of 75%

Keywords
Performance, Broiler, sinbiotik

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/LYHRweAMECgr


Can Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Quantify The Quality of Fishmeal Circulating in Jember, Indonesia?
Suci Wulandari1, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar1*, and Suluh Nusantoro1

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Corresponding Author
Suci Wulandari

Institutions
1Study Program of Livestock Production, Department of Animal Husbandry, Politeknik Negeri Jember (State Polytechnic of Jember), Jl. Mastrip PO BOX 164, Jember, East Java, Indonesia

*E-mail: mahiseta[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
The objectives of this study were to determine the range of nutrient content of fishmeal circulating in Jember Regency, East Java, and making a calibration standard that can be used for quickly calculation using NIRS by R2 and RMSECV. This study used 11 fishmeal samples that were taken from around Puger, Jember and around Muncar, Banyuwangi. The parameters were physical analysis included organoleptic tests (color, odor, and texture), density determination without compacting, and chemical analysis of fishmeal samples. It was intended to compare the data from chemical analysis with the FT-NIRS method. The data of chemical analysis were used for calibration stage due to the chemical analysis had been carried out at the beginning before the NIRS analysis. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results of observations indicated that the nutrient content of fishmeal had greatly variation. The CP content presented a quite high ranged between 26.61% to 64.30%. The results of the organoleptic test showed the color was yellowish brown, brown, slightly brown to dark brown. The flavor of fishmeal was generally standard, which was fishy. Some fishmeal samples were moist in texture, such as fishmeal sample from Jember A (22.03%) and Muncar Banyuwangi B (19.65%). The average of fishmeal density was 0.528 g/ml that ranged between 0.341-0.726 g/ml. The measurement of R2 and RMSECV calibration of fishmeal circulating in Jember using NIRS showed good results to predict CF, DM, and EE contents. However, the lower CP value was caused by the non-uniform particle size and the presence of other ingredients in the fishmeal with a sufficiently varied amount. The usage of NIRS technology was recommended for proximate analysis unless ash content due to the absence of spectrum absorption for minerals. The infrared on NIRS vibrates the functional group that was an organic component in the samples.

Keywords
Proximate Analysis; Protein; NIRS; Fish Meal

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/AnNrdFLCHJQX


Celery (Apium Graveolens L.) Extraction as the Inhibition of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Broilers
Yuli Frita Nuningtyas, Halim Natsir, Osfar Sjofjan, Irfan H.Djunaidi

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Corresponding Author
Yuli Frita Nuningtyas

Institutions
Lecturer Animal Nutrition, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Abstract
The aims of the research was to determine the ability of the inhibition bioactive compounds on celery as a pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Clostidium perfrinens were found in broiler digestive tracts. The stages of the study were the determinated of celery plants, phytochemical content test in celery extraction and inhibitory test on Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Clostidium perfrinens with P0 concentration: negative control (aquades), P1: positive control (5 µg / ml amoxicilin), P2: 2,5 mg / ml celery extraction, P3: 5 mg / ml celery extract, and P4: 10 mg / ml celery extract. The variables observed were the inhibition zone diameter using the disc method. The data obtained is tabulated with the Microsoft Excel program, then analyzed using a completely randomized design (CRD) where the significantly differences will be analyzed using Duncans analysis. Based on the results study showed that the results of plant determination were celery (Apium gravolens, Linn). The addition of celery extract with a concentration of 10 mg / ml showed a higher inhibitory power compared to the use of antibiotics against salmonella and E coli bacteria.

Keywords
Clostridium perfringens, extraction, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, celery

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JmrLPC42bEAq


Cost Analysis And Business Income Of Sheep Feed Production (Case Study In CV, Gumukmas Multifarm Jember)
Y Suryana (a*), U Suryadi (b), Iswahyono (c), R Iskandar (d)

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Corresponding Author
YANA SURYANA

Institutions
a) Agriculture Technology Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
Jalan Mastrip Po Box 164 Jember – Indonesia
b) Animal Husbandry Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
c) Agriculture Technology Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
d) Agrybisnis Manajemen Departemen
State of Jember Polytechnic
*Email: yanapolije62[at]gmail.com

Abstract
ABSTRACT To keep the feed availability on the export quota of sheep, the company of Gumukmas Multifarm wich is at Desa Purwoasri Kecamatan Gumukmas Kabupaten Jember, will be increasing the capacity of the sheep feed production from 1-2 tons per day to 5 tons per day. The sheep feed will be marketed 0.5 tons for himself, 1 ton for co-orporation, and the rest for farmers around Jember. To realized the planning, the company want to do cost analysis and business income to know how this project is feasible or no. To do that, Gumukmas Multifarm was buy 3 machine are diskmill, hammer mill and horizontal mixer. This study aims to determine income and business efficiency in the production of sheep feed. This research use descriptive and analytical methods. Collecting data in this study derived from primary data and secondary data. The results showed that the production of sheep feed profitable and efficient to be developed based on the analysis of income and the value of RC ratio. The income was IDR 630.140,- and RC-ratio was 1.23

Keywords
Sheep feed, income, RC-ratio

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/7Lmd6bNzaAtH


Dietary Edamame Soybean Concentrate on Improving Carcass Quality of Broilers
Merry Muspita Dyah Utami (a), Rosa Tri Hertamawati (a*)

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Corresponding Author
Merry Muspita Dyah Utami

Institutions
(a) Animal Science Department, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jl. Mastrip PO Box 164 Jember 68121, Indonesia

*rosa_trihertamawati[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
The aim of this research conducted addition Edamame soybean concentrate on improving carcass quality of broiler. One hundred broilers divided into four treatments, such as T0 was control, T1 was 1 gram isoflavon concentrate /kg; T2 was 2 grams isoflavon concentrate/kg, and T3 is 3 isoflavon concentrate grams/kg. The statistical methods using completely randomized design, each treatment has five replications and each replication has five broilers. Addition edamame soybean concentrate from fourth week until sixth week. The parameters of research were feed intake, body weight, feed conversion, abdominal fat, the percentage of abdominal fat, meat fat, and the total cholesterol of meat. The results showed that addition edamame concentrate decreased percentage of meat fat, and the total of meat cholesterol significantly (P<0.05), but no significant effect to (P>0.05) feed intake, body weight, feed conversion, and abdominal fat. Dietary edamame concentrate from 3g/kg on ration improve carcass quality of broiler.

Keywords
Edamame, Soybean Concentrate, Carcass Quality, Broiler

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/6j9KGcaw4tpe


Effect of Agarwood Leaf Extract in Feed on Production Performance of Broilers Experiencing Heat Stress
E. Kustiawan, U Suryadi, and A F Prasetyo

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Corresponding Author
erfan kustiawan

Institutions
Animal Husbandry Department, state polytechnic state jember

Abstract
This study aims to determine the effect of agarwood leaf extract on high temperature environmental stress levels on the physiology of broiler chickens. The research method uses a completely randomized design (RAL) trial method, using 200 broiler chickens aged 21 days divided into 4 treatment groups with the level of leaf extract administration The different agarwoods are P1 (control), P2 (250 mg / kg BW), P3 (300 mg / kg BW), P4 (350 mg / kg BW) with 5 replications and each repetition contains 10 broilers. The parameters observed were production performance, consumption, body weight gain, and feed conversion. The results of the study showed that the administration of aloe leaf extract had no significant effect (P> 0.05) on feed consumption, body weight gain, and conversion of rations that experienced heat stress during maintenance from the age of 21 to 35 days compared to broiler chickens without giving aloes extract. The conclusion of giving agarwood leaf extract to broilers experiencing heat stress at the age of 21 to 35 days did not have a significant effect (P> 0.05) on consumption, body weight gain, and feed conversion, but numerically showed the addition of agarwood extract 350 mg per kilo of body weight shows a decrease in feed consumption but results in heavy weight gain

Keywords
agarwood, broiler, peformance, heat stress

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/zEFNwTDvyqRB


Effect of bile acid supplementation in broiler feed on performance , carcass characteristics, cholesterol, triglyceride and blood glucose
D Pantaya (1), A Widayanti (1), P Jadmiko(1) and MMD Utami (1)

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Corresponding Author
Dadik Pantaya

Institutions
1Animal Science Department, Politeknik Negeri Jember, PO BOX 164, Jawa Timur Indonesia

Abstract
This study aims to evaluate the effect of the addition of bile acid to optimize the use of energy from oil in poultry feed. Two hundreds broiler 1-day old Cobb were randomly assigned to 4 treatment with 5 replicate of 10 chics each for 35 d. The experimental treatments received a corn-soybean basal diet containing 1.5 % oil and were as follows: 0 (control), 0.5 g, 1 g, and 1.5 g bile acids/kg of diet. Dietary of inclusion bile acids significantly tended to decrease feed intake from d 21 to d 28 (P < 0.07). However, average daily, feed intake and FCR was unaffected by dietary supplementation with bile acids in 14 d to 21 d and d 28 to d 35. The dressing percentage, abdominal fat, liver, gizzard, non significant different for broilers fed diets supplemented with bile acids. In 35-day-old broilers, serum triglyceride, glucose and cholesterol were unaffected (P > 0.05) by bile acids supplementation. The results gives a update information that supplementation of bile acid in diets could potentially for future improvement in broilers performance.

Keywords
bile acid, feed energy, cholesterol, broiler performance

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/ZcqKyM9XJaGx


Effect of Soaking Binahong (Anredera Cordifolia) Leaf Extract with Different Doses on Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Seeds Infected by Aeromonas sp
a) Juliana, b) Citra Panigoro , c) Yuniarti Koniyo3

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Corresponding Author
Juliana Juliana

Institutions
a,c) Aquaculture, FPIK Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science
State University of Gorontalo

b) Management of Aquatic Resources, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science
State University of Gorontalo

Abstract
ABSTRACT Disease in aquaculture activities is one of the problems that often causes losses for farmers. Bacteria are one of the causes that can cause disease and even death in freshwater fish. Bacteria that often infect freshwater fish, especially carp are Aeromonas sp. These bacteria can cause disease and can even cause death in carp seeds. Disease control in freshwater fish aquaculture activities can be done by administering antibacterial both derived from synthetic chemicals and natural materials derived from plants. Binahong is one of the plants that contains flavonoid compounds that function as anti-bacteria. This study aims to determine the effect of soaking binahong (Anredera Cordifolia) leaf extract with different doses on carp seeds infected with Aeromonas sp. The research method is an experimental method consisting of four treatments with three replications. Test animals used were carp measuring ± 5 cm and were infected with Aeromonas sp. Goldfish seeds infected with Aeromonas sp were soaked in binahong extract solution with different dosages, namely A: 0.7g / l, B: 0.9g / l, C: 1.1g / l and D: control. Soaking is carried out for thirty minutes and after soaking the fish seeds are maintained using an aquarium with a density of 1 fish / l. The results showed that immersion of binahong leaf extract with different dosages affected the prevalence rate of Aeromonas that infects goldfish seeds.

Keywords
Aeromonas, Binahong, Carp, Disease.

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/cEXghPFnuKQv


Effect Of The Use Of Unprotected And Unprotected Soybeans Groats With Different Ratios On The Performance Of The Fat-Tailed Sheep Ewe.
J Riyanto, R Dewanti1, and A K Wati

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Corresponding Author
Joko Riyanto

Institutions
Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Abstract
This research aims to determine the appearance of fat-tailed sheep production by providing rations containing protected and unprotected soybean groats. Protection against soybeans groats using 37% formaldehyde solutions as much as 1% of the dry matter of soybeans groats. The use of protection and unprotected soybeans as much as 15% in rations is given for 30 days before and 70 days after birth. The research treatments were P1 = 25% soybean groats protected and 75% soybean groats unprotected, P2 = 50% soybean groats protected and 50% soybean groats unprotected, and P3 = 75% soybean groats protected and 25% soybean groats unprotected. The research variables include initial weight, weight gain, weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency of fat-tailed sheep ewe and birth weight of fat-tailed lamb. The results showed that the difference in the ratio of soybean groats protected and unprotected had a significant effect (P> 0.05) on the feed efficiency of the fat-tailed sheep feed and lambs birth weight and did not affect the performance variables of other production (P <0.05). From the results of the average difference test, it appears that the analysis of variance shows that the highest feed efficiency and birth weight results from the use of rations containing soybean protection and without protection with a ratio of 75%: 25%. The conclusion of the study was the use of rations containing 75% protection of soybeans groats and 25% without protection increased feed efficiency rations in fat-tailed sheep for 70 days after birth and increased the birth weight of their offspring.

Keywords
soybeans groats protected, soybeans groats protected, Formaldehyde Protection, Performance, birth weight of lamb, the fat tailed sheep ewe

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/wUzMWCp2d4yA


Efficacy of Natural Herbal As Ectoparasit Agent
R Widyani1, Noviyanti2 and Muh. Farid Rifai3 , Zaitun 4

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Corresponding Author
Retno Widyani

Institutions
a.Animal Husbandry, University of Muhammadiyah Cirebon
b. Autoimuncare Indonesia
c. Indonesian National Nurses Association
d. Poltekkes Kemenkes Tasikmalaya

Abstract
In part of Indonesian students have lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) on their hair. Head lice are a type of blood-sucking parasite that usually lives in the head. Female lice are able to lay six eggs a day. If not treated properly, head lice are at risk of causing a variety of problems, from scalp infections to decreased sleep quality. Indonesian natural sources have potential to get rid of head lice such as Akar Wangi (Chrysopogon), Sirih (Piper betle) and Zaitun (Olea). In Indonesia, fragrant root oil is called java vetiver oil. Lice oil composed coconut oil 1000 ml, chrysopogon oil 25 ml, piper bettle oil 25 ml and Olea oil 25 ml. Lice oil is applied to the roots of the hair while massaged every 3 days. The result of this in vivo test indicated combination of chrysopogon oil, piper betlle oil and olea oil can kill the lice head and their eggs, effectively for one month. Key words: chrysopogon, piper betlle, olea, coconut oil, lice oil, lice shampoo, eggs lice

Keywords
chrysopogon, piper betlle, olea, coconut oil, lice oil, lice shampoo, eggs lice

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/WzUqLrKu34Ef


Evaluation of the Quality of Organic Fertilizer on Different Ratio of Cow Manure and Laying Hens Manure
Merry Muspita Dyah Utami (a*), Anang Sutirtoadi (a), Ahmad Junaidi Al Jawawi (a), Aryanti Candra Dewi (a)

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Corresponding Author
Merry Muspita Dyah Utami

Institutions
(a) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jl. Mastrip PO Box 164 Jember 68121, Indonesia
*merry.mdu[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
The study evaluated the quality of organic fertilizer on different ratio of cow manure and laying hens manure. The study used a completely randomized design with five treatments, such as T0 (100% cow manure), T1 (75% cow manure and 25% laying hens manure), T2 (50% cow manure and 50% laying hens manure), T3 (25% cow manure and 75% laying hens manure) and T4 (100% laying hens manure). Parameters observed in this study were contain of nitrogen (N), phosphor (P), potash (K), carbon (C) organic, C/N ratio, temperature and pH. The results showed the ratio of cow manure and laying hens manure had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the content of N, P, and K, C organic and C/N ratio, but no significant effect (P>0.05) on pH. The fertilizer with laying hens manure had the highest (P<0,05) contain of N (1,57%) and K (1,31%, but the lowest of C/N (14,67).

Keywords
Organic fertilizer, Ratio, Cow manure, Laying hens manure

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/dPQyYmhkUtRr


Fermentability and digestibility responses of prill fat supplementation in dairy ration
Lolita Udin Riestanti, Yuli Retnani, Despal

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Corresponding Author
Lolita Udin Riestanti

Institutions
IPB University

Abstract
Prill fat is a non-hydrogenated vegetable oil and contains more than 85% palmitic acid with high melting point. Due to this reason it does not melt at rumen temperature and bypass rumen degradation. This research was to measure the characteristic of fat high in palmitic fatty acid by its utilization in ruminant. This research held in the Laboratory of Dairy Science, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University. This research used Randomized Block Design with 4 treatment and 4 replication: P1 (control without treatment), P2 (control + 2% of high palmitic acid fat 78%), P3 (control + 2% of high palmitic acid fat 86%), P4 (control + 2% of high palmitic acid fat 96%). The variables observed included rumen fermentation characteristics (volatile fatty acid/VFA and NH3 concentration), dry matter and organic matter digestibility. Data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and the significant different among treatments were further tested using Duncan. The result showed prill fat supplementation was significantly affected the total VFA concentration (P<0.01) and dry matter digestibility (P<0.05). Supplementation of prill fat had no effect on NH3 concentration and organic matter digestibility. Duncan test show that prill fat supplementation of 96% palmitic acid at 2% level increased VFA concentration and dry matter digestibility in ruminant. It was concluded that prill fat supplementation of 96% palmitic acid can be used to augment the VFA production and ruminal digestibility at the level of 2%.

Keywords
palmitic acid, prill fat, ruminal digestibility, VFA production

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/HYkgzRCErmvN


First generation of brown and black Japanese quail crosses on egg exterior quality
A K Wati, R Dewanti, P Fadilla, M Rifki, M Cahyadi*

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Corresponding Author
Ari Kusuma Wati

Institutions
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret
Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Indonesia 57126

Abstract
Observation of the physical quality of the quail eggs resulting from the crossing is very important to get the maximum physical egg quality data. This research was conducted to determine the exterior quality of brown and black Japanese quail eggs from first generation (F1). One hundred Japanese quails were divided into four types of lines as treatments: Black 1 (L1), Brown 1 (B1), Black 2 (L2), and Brown 2 (B2). Each treatment consists of 25 quails as replication. Egg retrieval for exterior and interior quality testing when quail was 14 weeks old. Eggs were taken every day for three days then physical eggs are tested. Egg physical quality testing was carried out every day for three days. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The data observed in this study was the egg weight, egg length, egg width, cavity height, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, and egg index. In addition, the data was analyzed using analysis of variance, and pairwise differences among quail lines were conducted using Duncans multiple range test (DMRT). The results showed the egg weight and egg widht was significantly different among lines (P<0.01) and four types of line was not significant (P>0.05) on the egg length, cavity height, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness and egg index. It can be concluded that crosses of black quail male and brown females had the highest egg weight and egg width compared to crosses of brown quail male and black females.

Keywords
First generation, brown quail, black quail, egg exterior quality

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/yacgPYCuN2ze


GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF SHEEP IN JEMBER DISTRICT (EAST JAVA – INDONESIA)
Aan Awaludin, Nurkholis, Suluh Nusantoro

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Corresponding Author
Aan Awaludin

Institutions
Livestock Production Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, Politeknik Negeri Jember (State Polytechnic of Jember), Jl. Mastrip PO BOX 164, Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract
Sheep is a ruminant livestock that has the most population in Indonesia and the highest distribution of maintenance in rural areas. Increasing livestock production, controlling factors and preventing diseases including parasites need attention, especially from the gastrointestinal parasite group. This study aims to identify the diversity of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep in Jember district. This research was conducted by randomly collecting 175 sheep faecal samples from various regions in Jember district. Identification of gastrointestinal parasite diversity by examining worm eggs in sheep faecal samples using sedimentation methods carried out at BBVet Wates (Veterinary Center). Based on the results of sheep feces examination in Jember, 84 samples (48,0%) were examined were infected with one or more gastrointestinal helminth parasites and (52,0%) obtained negative results. Gastrointestinal helminth parasites were found from the Trematode class: Paramphistomum sp., Cestode class: Moniezia sp., and nematode class consisting of Ostertagia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Cooperia sp., Capillaria sp., Bunostomum sp., Strongyloides sp. , Oesophagostomum sp., Trichuris sp., and Toxocara sp. with 56 samples were infected with at least one species and 28 samples were infected with two or more species of gastrointestinal helminth parasites.

Keywords
Gastrointestinal, parasites, worms, sheep, Jember

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/rkvyCzMFRx8A


Increased Production of Duck Cattle Through Improved Maintenance Management in Male Ducks in Jember Regency
Hariadi Subagja, Dharwin Siswantoro, and Dyah Laksito Rukmi

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Corresponding Author
Hariadi Subagja

Institutions
Department of Animal Husbandry Agriculture, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jalan Mastrip PO BOX 164, Jember 68121, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: hariadisubagja[at]gmail.com

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the factors of production that influence the increased of production of male ducks in Jember Regency. The reasearch method used was survey with 30 respondents that took by purposive random sampling. The data result were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The result of analysis showed Y= -6.020852 - 0.011653X1 + 0.988392X2 - 0.026411X3 + 0.028399X4 - 0.002938X5 -0.021354X6 + 1.025319X7 + 0.055929X8 + μ. That equation means that each increased in production male ducks was influenced by X1 (Day Old Duck) equal to - 0.011653, X2 (body weight) equal to 0.988392, X3 (cage density) equal to -0.02641, X4 (mortality) equal to -0.028399, X5 (OVAC:medicines, vitamins, and vaccines) equal to 0.002938, X6 (feed) equal to 0.021354, X7 (labor) equal to 1.025319, X8 (growth age) equal to -0.055929. The result of F-test showed that growth weight (X2), mortality density (X4), and labor (X7) variabels has significant. Based on the coefficient of determination of 0.99%, the produkction of male ducks is explained by the variabels in the study, while 0,1% was explained by variables outside the study.

Keywords
male ducks, production factors, multiple linear regression analysis

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/aP8bw2ZtXReE


Interior quality of brown and black Japanese quail eggs from first generation (F1) raised individually cage
M Cahyadi, P Fadilla, A K Wati, M Rifki, M N Syarifuddin, R Dewanti*

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Corresponding Author
Muhammad Cahyadi

Institutions
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret
Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Indonesia 57126

Abstract
Crosses can increase productivity and have an effect on increasing the physical quality of eggs. This research was conducted to determine the interior quality of brown and black Japanese quail eggs from first generation (F1). One hundred Japanese quails were divided into four types of lines as treatments: Black 1 (L1), Brown 1 (B1), Black 2 (L2), and Brown 2 (B2). Each treatment consists of 25 quails as replication. Egg retrieval for interior quality testing when quail was 14 weeks old. Eggs were taken every day for three days then physical eggs are tested. Egg physical quality testing was carried out every day for three days. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The data observed in this study was yolk index, yolk color score, yolk weight, yolk high, albumen index, albumen weight, albumen high and haugh unit). In addition, the data was analyzed using analysis of variance, and pairwise differences among quail lines were conducted using Duncans multiple range test (DMRT). The results showed the albumen weight and yolk high was significantly different among lines (P<0.05) and four types of line was not significant (P>0.05) on the yolk index, yolk color score, yolk weight, albumen index, albumen high and haugh unit. It can be concluded that crosses of black quail male and brown females had the highest albumen weight and crossing of brown quail male and black females had the lowest yolk height.

Keywords
Brown quail, black quail, first generation, egg interior quality

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hdCL6HcJjbW2


LEVEL OF SWINE PRODUCTIVITY ON THE SWINE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN GIANYAR REGION
Parwati I.A., N. Suyasa and A. Sischa Jati Utami

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Corresponding Author
Ida Ayu Parwati

Institutions
Assesment Institute for Agricultural Technology (AIAT) Bali

Abstract
Raising pigs for the people of Bali is ussually done, pigs maintained from kitchen waste products. But lately it has become a promising bussines considering that Bali as a tourist destination, the need for pork is very high in addition to the need for religious ceremonies. Many technological innovations in the field of swine production have been produced, but the problem is not all of the technology produced by the IAARD has been reached in the the level of users. Therefore an approach is needed to encourages users to be able to apply recomendation technology from IAARD for developing their products. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to looked at the impact of technological assistance on the productivity in small holder farmers in Gianyar Regency. The parameters observed were body weight gain, feeds consumption, and profits gain from pig farming, data were analyzed by t-test. The data showed that the body weight of the group of pigs that were accompanied technology gave an increase in body weight 17.15% greater than the group of pigs that were not accompanied, statistically significantly different (P <0.05), on feeds consumption, the group of pigs accompanied, consuming less ration rather than the group of pigs that were not accompanied (P <0.05). Whereas from farming analysis, Farmers with ownership of 11 fattening animals for 121 days of maintenance, the group of pigs that were accompanied gave a profit of Rp 8,730,160, - with B / C of 0.60. Whereas the pigs that were not accompanied gained profit of Rp. 4,211,021 - with B / C of 0.27. In conclusion that technological accompanied program was able to increased the productivity of the smallholder farm swine production

Keywords
swine, productivity, regional accompanied, technology

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/XgzLbMB38JNA


Microbiological approach in alleviating ruminal acidosis
Tabita Dameria Marbun1, Chang-Hyun Kim2, Gui-Seck Bae3, Moon Baek Chang3, Byeong Heoun Moon4, Eun Joong Kim1

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Corresponding Author
Tabita Dameria Marbun

Institutions
1Department of Animal Science, Kyungpook National University, Sangju, 37224, South Korea

2Department of Animal Life and Environmental Science, Hankyung National University, Anseong 17579, South Korea

3Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 25033, South Korea

4Celltech Co., Ltd. Eumseong 27622, South Korea

Abstract
Farmers generally provide a high level of concentrate to the cattle in order to improve cattle productivity. However, feeding a significant amount of concentrate to cattle can promptly induce rapid fermentation in the rumen, which results in high production of lactic acid and volatile fatty acid, decrease rumen pH and generate metabolic disease such as ruminal acidosis. A microbial approach, using microbes isolated from the rumen, may be an alternative eco-friendly option to prevent and treat this metabolic disorder. Lactic acid-utilizing bacteria isolated from the rumen can be a new alternative as it is naturally increasing during low ruminal pH conditions. Through several studies, a potential bacterium which can alleviate acidosis condition in ruminant is discovered. Pseudoramibacter sp. MF926250, which has a high activity of lactic acid utilization, may become the potential to a ruminal acidosis in the area of ruminant agriculture.

Keywords
Microbiological, Approuch, Ruminal acidosis

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/PRtF4KGEbm7u


Optimizing productivity of fat-tail sheep using single cell protein in concentrate
Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru, Hermanto, Kusmartono dan Asri Nurul Huda

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Corresponding Author
Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru

Institutions
University of Brawijaya

Abstract
In livestock industries, single-cell protein has many applications in ruminant or poultry feed. Commonly, Application single-cell protein in ruminant feed has a purpose to fattening, which one of parameter to measure is average daily gain (ADG). The name of single-cell protein in this research is ajitein. In this research, ajitein was mixed with other feedstuffs (soybean meal, pollard, coconut cake, corn bran, palm cake, molasses, urea, and minerals) and the crude protein in this concentrate was isoprotein ( 22%). The treatments in this research consist of P0: elephant grass (ad libitum) with concentrate ; P1 : elephant grass (ad libitum) with concentrate (ajitein 2%); P2 : elephant grass (ad libitum) with concentrate (ajitein 4%); P3 : elephant grass (ad libitum) with concentrate (ajitein 6%). The highest feed intake in this research is P0 (104.9 ± 12.90 g / kg BB0.75 / day). Then the higher body weight gains are P0 and P3, with 140 g/head/day respectively. Furthermore, P3 has the ability to digest and use the feed more optimal than other treatments. The parameter to measure this ability is feed conversion value. The feed conversion of P3 was 6.6 ± 0.87. The conclusion is P3 has good ability to change the feed to be meat more effective

Keywords
single-cell protein, feed consumption, body weight gain, feed convertion

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/MrbmduJgcf4p


PHYSICAL, ANATOMICAL AND CARCASS DIVERSITY OF SUPERIOR NATIVE CHICKEN SENSI 1 AGRINAC AND KUB MAINTENANCE IN FARMERS
Nyoman Suyasa and Ida Ayu Parwati

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Corresponding Author
I Nyoman Suyasa

Institutions
Bali Assesment Institute of Agriculture Technology (BPTP)

Abstract
Native chicken is one of the producers of animal protein that has a high taste and is in demand by many consumers. Therefore also the price is higher than domestic chickens. So far, Bali, which is known as a well-known tourist destination, always lacks the supply of native chicken meat to meet the needs of consumers who come to Bali, both foreign and domestic tourists, as well as local people. The decline in the population of native chickens also occurs in almost all regions of Indonesia, which is caused by not being able to compete with broiler chickens as well as high production costs. For this reason, the Central Agricultural Research and Development Agency has begun to make a breakthrough by producing superior types of native chicken, namely Sensi 1 Agrinak and KUB (superior native chicken of the Research and Development Agency), which are expected to be able to increase the interest of farmers. The study was conducted in Jehem Village, Bangli Regency. For observations of the anatomical and carcass characteristics performance, 60 chickens, consisting of male and female Sensi 1, as well as male and female KUB, each had 15 tails. The results obtained showed that the male live weight of Sensi 1 Agrinak was 1.72 kg / head while male KUB was 1.71 kg / head, while female Sensi 1 Agrinak was 1.30 kg / head higher than female KUB 1.14 kg / head. The length of male KUB legs reach 19.33 cm and Sensi 1 Agrinak 20 cm, while for female KUB 15.17 cm and Sensi 1 Agrinak 16.67 cm. Body length of male KUB 24 cm, sensi 1 agrinak 27 cm and female KUB 23.33 cm and Sensi 1 agrinak 23.67 cm. For carcass weight, KUB male reached 1038.33 gr and Sensi 1 Agrinak 1076.33 gr, and for chest weights of 300.34; 304.33; 227.34 and 207 gr / head while the thigh weight of the male KUB and Sensi 1 Agrinak are 192.34 and 189.00 gr / head. For each wing weight 153.67; 163,34; 108.00 and 99.00 gr /head.

Keywords
KUB Chicken, Sensi 1 Agrinak, carcass, body weight

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hagbtRGcCzHy


PREFERENCE OF SUPERIOR LOCAL CHICKEN MEAT FROM AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY KUB AND SENSI-1 AGRINAC AT SATO NADI GROUP IN JEHEM VILLAGE, BANGLI
Wayan Trisnawati, I Nyoman Suyasa, dan Anastasia Sischa Jati U

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Corresponding Author
Wayan Trisnawati

Institutions
Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (AIAT) Bali

Abstract
Chiken KUB is a native genetic selection which has the advantage of being able to produce more eggs. Chicken Sensi-1 Agrinak is a superior domestic broiler native to Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to differentiate sensory acceptance of chicken meat from KUB and Sensi-1 Agrinak. The sensory test uses a 1-6 hedonic quality scale on color, taste, texture, and level of preference. Data were analyzed by anova, correlation analysis and path analysis. Based on the variance analysis obtained differences in the color, taste, and level of pleasure. The attributes of chicken meat flavor quality correlate very significantly with the level of preference and have the strongest direct influence. The best preference based on the ranking test is in female KUB chicken meat. The quality of physical quality of female KUB chicken meat has a moisture content of 73.65%, water holding capacity of 13.52%, cooking shrinkage of 0.34% and pH of 5.50.

Keywords
Preference, chicken meat, KUB and Sensi-1 Agrinak

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/kBNqxjUm9vDr


Quality of Rice Straw Silage with Various Additives
Haris Ramdani (a*), Asep Sudarman (a), Wulansih Dwi Astuti (b), Yantyati Widyastuti (b)

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Corresponding Author
HARIS RAMDANI

Institutions
a) Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680 Indonesia
b) Research Center for Biotechnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bogor 16911 Indonesia
*hramdani27[at]gmail.com

Abstract
Rice is a staple food for Indonesian people. Rice straw is waste produced from rice plant when harvesting. Rice straw can be utilized as feed for livestock especially ruminant. Silage is fermentation technology for preserving roughage such as rice straw. In making silage, additive is needed to maintain lactic acid bacteria for successful fermentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various additives (rice bran, glucose and molasses) for three different varieties of rice crop. Rice varieties used were Inpari 30, Inpari NutriZinc and Rindang. This study was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design (CDR) with 4 treatments and 3 replications. Each variety was given treatment T0 = Rice Straw + Lactic Acid Bacteria (Lactobacillus plantarum 1A2); T1 = T0 + Rice Bran 5%; T2 = T0 + Glucose 2%; T3 = T0 + Molasses 5%. The parameter observed were, pH, temperature, dry matter, ash, crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber. The data obtained are analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan Test. The results showed that the treatments significantly affect on pH, dry matter, ash, crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber. It was concluded that Inpari 30 was the best variety because it had the highest crude protein content 10.24% and rice bran was the best additive to produced best quality silage compared with other additives.

Keywords
Rice straw, Silage, Rice bran, Glucose, Molasses

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/rahTNHDEW2JV


RABBIT PRODUCTION vis-a-vis POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN ASIA
Rajendran R (a*), Kavanya T (a) and Thiruvenkadan A K (b)

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Corresponding Author
Rajendran R

Institutions
(a) Post Graduate Research Institute in Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
(b) Veterinary College and Research Institute,
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract
This paper aims to create awareness among the public about the importance of rabbit farming to meet food crisis in the future. Rabbits can be easily reared by small-scale farmers in their backyard with minimal investments for more income generation. Rabbits make use of forages of low nutritive value to produces highly nutritious meat and the faeces of the rabbits can be used as an alternative to inorganic fertilizer, this interaction between rabbits and soil makes rabbit farming suitable for integrated farming system. Waste of rabbits make excellent compost which in turn makes high quality organic fertilizer. The rabbit faeces were used in the manufacture of bio-digesters and the fertilizer value of the faeces aids to improve the environment by reducing methane emissions. Feeding and housing management of rabbits were not much complicated. Rabbit house can be made from locally available materials and the rabbits can be fed with household wastes and the forages and legumes that can be cultivated within the farmers own farm, that should meet the animals daily needs. Thus the construction and off farm feed costs will be reduced. This makes sure that the rabbit farming will be well accepted by small scale farmers to meet both their nutritious and financial requirements. The farmers can also expand their farm to a commercial level, if guidance, knowledge and technical supports were provided and this makes the market to flood with rabbit in the future which is the only way for food security and employment generation.

Keywords
Food security, Integrated farming system, Malnutrition, Poverty alleviation, Rabbit

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/EYTLwFdkr36p


Rearing goat strategies for multi-purposes by smallholder farmers in socio-agro-economic systems of Bali Province
L Doloksaribu1, B P McLachlan2, R S Copland2 and P J Murray2

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Corresponding Author
Lindawati Doloksaribu

Institutions
1 Faculty of Animal and Husbandry, Udayana University, Jimbaran Campus Badung-Bali, Indonesia
2 School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Gatton Campus, Queensland 4343, Australia

Abstract
In Bali Province, 207,054 goats were slaughtered or four times larger than the total goat population in 2017. High demand for goats should stimulate goat rearing thus goat productivity in Bali Province. However, there is little information about the Balinese socio-agro-economic system for rearing, utilising and managing goats. This study was to gain an understanding of the different rearing goat strategies in Bali Province. 178 Farmers who had some level of goat production were surveyed from January 2014 to December 2018. These farmers owned 2,162 goats in Bali Province and there were 2.3±0.0 labourers/household who cultivated 1.2±0.0 hectare of crops. These farmers had an average of 12±1 goats/household and goat production was limited by cut and carry forage supply, particularly during dry season where feed was limited or during crop harvesting, and Bali Hindu ceremonies, where family labour was limited. Farmers who reared Mecaru goats could sell them at double normal prices. In summary, the increased awareness of Balinese socio-agro-economic system helped smallholder farmers in formulating strategies of rearing goats for more organic fertilizer and milk productions, Eid Qurban and Mecaru ceremonies and conserving Gembrong goats in Bali Province.

Keywords
smallholder farmers, goats rearing, integrated farming system, multi-purposes, and socio-agro-economic systems.

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/VzYBGvnrFgWx


RICE BRAN SUBSTITUTION WITH PEANUT SHELLS AS AN ADDITIONAL FEED ON FEEDER CATTLE FARMS IN BULELENG REGENCY-BALI PROVINCE
Ni Luh Gede Budiari, I Putu Agus Kertawirawan, I Nyoman Adijaya and Made Sugianyar

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Corresponding Author
I Putu Agus Kertawirawan

Institutions
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP) Bali
Jln. Bay Pass Ngurah Rai, Pesanggaran, Denpasar Selatan, Bali
Email : budiariluhde[at]yahoo.co.id

Abstract
This study aim to increase feeder cattle growth in Buleleng Bali has been done in Tulus Bakti livestock group from February - June 2019. Completely Randomized Design (CRD) is used. feed treatments: R0 = Cows given forage + 1 kg /cow / day rice bran, R1 = Cows given forage + 1 kg / cow / day (50% rice bran mixed by 50% peanut skin) and R2 = Cows given forage + 1 kg /cow / day (25% rice bran mixed by 75% peanut skin). Parameters observed were weight gain, feed consumption, and Feed Conversion Ratio. To find out farm feasibility level, Revenue cost ratio analysis is done. Result showed cows given R1 treatment resulted 0.40 kg / day weight gain, not significantly (P> 0.05) from R0 and R2. Ration consumption and FCR also no significant (P> 0.05). Farming analysis results showed three treatments gave benefits, but R2 gave highest benefits, its can be seen from R / C ratio R2 (1.22), R1 (1.21) and R0 (1.20). 75% of rice bran substituion by peanut skin can reduce feed prices untill 52.03% and give profit IDR. 1,340,122 so feasible to apply.

Keywords
Keywords: Feed substitution, peanut shells, growth, feeder cattle.

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/JfHKbxPqNr3g


Synthesis and Characteristics of Nano Calcium Oxide From Duck Eggshells by Precipitation Method
Agus Hadi Prayitno (a*), Budi Prasetyo (a), Anang Sutirtoadi (a)

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Corresponding Author
Agus Hadi Prayitno

Institutions
a) Department of Animal Science, State Polytechnic of Jember
Jl. Mastrip Po Box 164, Jember 68121, Indonesia
*agushp[at]polije.ac.id

Abstract
This research aims to synthesize nano calcium oxide from duck eggshells by precipitation method. The duck eggshell soaked in hot water for 10 minutes, cleaned form egg membrane, dried in oven at 105oC for 12 hours and then mashed with sample mill. The eggshell powder was calcined with 1.000oC for 2 hours into calcium oxide. Calcium oxide solution 20 ml (5 mol/L) added with lactic acid solution 30 ml (8 mol/L) with ratio 1:1.5 (v/v) and mixed for 30 minutes at 50oC with speed of 500 rpm/minutes. The mixed solution was added with ethanol 50% up to 20 ml (v/v), dried in oven at 105oC for 48 hours, mashed with blender, and then calcined with 1.000oC for 2 hours into nano calcium oxide. The characteristics of calcium oxide and nano calcium oxide were analyzed by x-ray diffraction, fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray, and particle size analysis. The XRD and FTIR showed that CaO was formed from the two samples supported by EDX results with the highest chemical elements, namely Ca and O. Regular morphology with uniform crystal size was obtained in the precipitation sample. The PSA obtained calcined calcium oxide and nano calcium oxide resulted by precipitation of 13,229 nm and 262 nm, respectively.

Keywords
Duck eggshells; Nano calcium oxide; Precipitation method; PSA

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/hEPf8JY7QmTv


The Effect of Early Feed Restriction on the Commercial Pieces of Two Broiler Chicken Strains
Jola Josephien Mariane Roosje Londok and John Ernst Gustaaf Rompis

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Corresponding Author
Jola Josephien M Roosje Londok

Institutions
Animal Science, Sam Ratulangi University

Abstract
Background: Feed restriction programs applied early in the life cycle of broiler were one of the alternatives to reduce problems related to the high growth rates of the modern strains. Early feed restriction programs intended for reduce carcass fat in broiler chicken and in turn can pursue compensatory growth to produce market body weight and commercial pieces similar to control group. Material and Methods: This research was conducted with the aim to evaluate the effect of feed restriction on starter periods of two different broiler strains on commercial meat cuts. The study was conducted on 200 day old chicks with an average body weight of Lohman strain of 44.16 ± 3.72 grams and Cobb strain of 45.79 ± 3.95 grams. The method used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) factorial 2x4 pattern with 3 replications. As a factor A was the chicken strain, the A1 was Lohmann, and A2 was Cobb. Factor B was the start of the application of food restrictions as much as 20% for 8 days, namely B0 without restrictions, B1 = starts on day 8, B2 = starts on day 11, and B3 = starts on day 14. There are 8 treatment combinations. Feed was given ad libitum before and after restrictions application until day 35. Results: The feeding trial show that the treatments highly significantly affected (P<0.01) percentage of carcass and percentage of brisket. Final body weight, percentage of carcass, percentage of breasts, percentage of wings and percentage of brisket were significantly affected by strains, while the percentage of thighs was not significantly affected by strains. Final body weight, the percentage of carcass and breast for Lohman strain is higher than Cobb. The percentage of wings and the percentage of Cobbs back are higher than Lohmans. Conclusion: The application of feed restrictions in the Lohman strain at starter period was better than Cobb strain in terms of the percentage of commercial pieces.

Keywords
Broiler, Feed restriction, commercial pieces.

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/k8JLjwBVz6eH


The Effect of Flushing with Fatty Acid Supplementation (DHA and EPA) in Ewes Ration on Folliculogenesis
Aeni Nurlatifah (a*), Lilis Khotijah (a), Kokom Komalasari(a), Dewi Apri Astuti (a)

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Corresponding Author
aeni nurlatifah

Institutions
a) Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680 Indonesia
*aeni_nurlatifah[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
Local sheep have some traits, among of them is prolific or the ability to breed have high litter size, but this prolific nature is often not expressed. Flushing is one of reproduction program where the animal should give good quality diet for improving the BCS. Poly unsaturated fatty acid, especially linolenic acid (omega 3) like EPA and DHA have a major impact on reproductive performance. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of flushing with different fatty acids (DHA and EPA) from lemuru fish oil in the rations of local sheep on folliculogenesis. Sixteen ewes divided into 4 groups fed rations T0 = Basal ration; T1 = Flushing rations containing linoleic without enriched EPA and DHA; T2 = Flushing rations containing linoleic enriched with EPA and DHA, according to maintenance requirements; T3 = Flushing rations containing linoleic enriched with EPA and DHA with two times from maintenance requirement. Ratio forages and concentrate in the ration are, 30:70%. The parameter observed are BWG, BCS, nutrient consumption, corpus luteum, diameter and amount of follicel, blood cholesterol, blood glucose, The data obtained are analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) follow by Duncan Test. The results showed that the treatments did not significantly affect to the consumptions of dry matter, protein, fiber and TDN, except to the fat consumptions (P < 0.05). Even though the body condition score (BCS), average daily gain (ADG), and feed efficiency (FE) was not significantly different in all treatments. Flushing treatment for 3 weeks increased BCS to 0.75 – 0.87. The number of large follicel , the diameters of large follicel and corpus luteum were not significantly different in all treatments. Plasma glucose and cholesterol concentrations during flushing period significantly different (P < 0.05) among all treatments. The cholestrol in flushing treatment is important as precursor for improving reproductive system. Plasma glucose also important as energy source during pregnancy. It was concluded that flushing diet with high EPA and DHA increased BCS, cholesterol and glucose concentration, but still not improved the number and diameter of follicel.

Keywords
BCS, DHA, EPA, flushing, and follicel

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/pM27uJyA9nTt


THE EFFECT OF GIVING ADDITIONAL FEEDS ON BALI CATTLE TO PRODUCTIVITY, PERFORMANCE AND SELLING PRICE OF CALVES IN MARGINAL LAND (Case Study in Batumadeg village, Nusa Penida Sub district, Klungkung Regency)
I Putu Agus Kertawirawan, Luh Gede Budiari, dan I Nyoman Adijaya

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Corresponding Author
I Putu Agus Kertawirawan

Institutions
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Bali
Jl. Bay Pass Ngurah Rai Pesanggaran Denpasar
e_mail:agus_kwirawan[at]yahoo.com

Abstract
Research was conducted in Nusa Penida, Klungkung-Bali from January to December 2018 using 21 Bali cattles. The study was design by randomized block design divided into 3 treatment groups. Control group (P0) : cattle were not given additional feed treatment, while group P1 and P2, the cattle was given 1 kg polard/day, for four months (2 months pre and postpartum). P2 group, the cattles was given biocas probiotics as much as 5 ml/ day. Parameters observed were birth weight, weaning weight and postpartum estrus. Data analyzed using variance analysis (ANOVA). The results is, statistically calf birth weight was not significantly as 18.4 kg (P0) and 18.6 kg respectively (P1 and P2). Weaning weights, P2 group showed better performance is 97.7 kg, followed by groups P1 (93.1 kg) and P0 (79.4 kg). that performance make the average calf selling price (P1 and P2) was higher than the control. The highest average was obtained in group P1 which was IDR. 3,941,667, - / calve followed by P2 IDR. 3,716,667, - / calve and P0 IDR. 3,290,000 / calve. The average duration of post partum estrus is shorter on P2 (113.3 days), than P1 (123.7 days) and P0 (138.4 days)

Keywords
Keywords: Bali cattle, feed, and calf performance

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/MEYPkC3vzdWw


The Effect of Wheat Bran Dietary Fibre on Cholesterol Content of Egg Yolk Laying Ducks
D Pantaya1, , R A Effendi1, S Wulandari1, U. Suryadi1

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Corresponding Author
Dadik Pantaya

Institutions
1Animal Science Department, Politeknik Negeri Jember, PO BOX 164, Jawa Timur Indonesia

Abstract
To determine the influence of level of wheat bran supplementation on production performance, and egg yolk cholesterol traits of laying ducks, 48 laying ducks (40-week-old) were randomly assigned into four groups with 4 replications of 3 birds each. Treatment 1 ducks were received the control diet without wheat bran contained 17,21 % CP and 2917 kkal ME/kg. Treatment 2,3 and 4 ducks were received the basal diet supplemented with 10,20 and 30% wheat bran for 8-weeks. Results showed that dietary supplementation of wheat bran had no effect (P>0.05) on laying ducks egg production and feed egg ratio over the entire feeding period. Yolk cholesterol content was lower (P<0.05) in all wheat bran supplementation at one day after treatment. There were decreased (P<0.05) contents of yolk cholesterol compared to ducks fed control diet but no difference was exhibited in egg yolk cholesterol among diet with wheat bran supplementation. It could be concluded that wheat bran supplementation could lower an egg yolk cholesterol levels and improve the egg quality in laying ducks

Keywords
wheat bran, fibre, Cholesterol, egg yolk, duck

Topic
Animal Nutrition, Animal Production, and Veterinary Science

Link: https://ifory.id/abstract/fVBzaTntepCu


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